Characteristics and care of Cyclamen persicum

Cyclamen persicum

Today we are going to talk about one of the most popular plants in Europe for its winter flowering. It has great beauty, rusticity and many possibilities for ornamental use. It is the Cyclamen persicum. It belongs to the Primulaceae family and is native to the areas of Persia, the Middle East and Greece, hence it is known as Violet of Persia or Violet of the Alps.

Do you want to know more about this plant?

Key features

cyclamen characteristics

The growth of this plant is in the shape of a balloon and it has many varieties among which it can reach between 30 to 40 centimeters tall. Although it is sometimes categorized as a biennial plant, the Cyclamen is capable of staying lively for many years to the point of becoming naturalized in your garden.

It is a perennial plant that has a large tuber and a central upper part that emits heart-shaped, scalloped and speckled circular leaves with a silver marble appearance. As for the flowers, we can see that the petals have a very unique appearance since they fold on themselves, enhancing their beauty.

They are hermaphrodites, so they grow on their own and are lightly scented. The color of its flowers can be varied. We meet colors from white to pink, red, salmon, etc.

When the flowers are fertilized, they produce a capsule-shaped fruit that takes between 4 and 5 months to mature. Its flowering season is very long, beginning in early autumn and ending in late spring. It only paralyzes its flowering during the summer, when it goes into vegetative rest.


This plant can serve as an indoor and outdoor plant. If you want to use it as an indoor plant in your home, you can only do it for a period of two months since, even if it is given strict care, after that time at home it can negatively affect the flowering and vigor of the plant.

If you decide to have it as an outdoor plant, it can help us so that the coldest season does not give the garden so much sadness. The Cyclamen persicum is able to withstand the fall and winter in bloom.

It is such a famous plant in Europe because it has wide range of colors, quite exotic appearance, long flowering period that allows us to have colorful the garden and its great resistance to cold that makes it possible to have it in winter and autumn.

Because if we have the Cyclamen persicum indoors or outdoors, their care is different, we are going to differentiate them into two sections:

Interior care

cyclamen indoors

We cannot forget that it is really an outdoor plant, so we will have to place it in places with a lot of lighting. It is advisable to take them out to the balcony or terrace from time to time to keep them strong.

The plant needs a temperature between 12 and 15 degrees, so it should be avoided to place in places near stoves or radiators in winter.

To water it, we add the water directly to the pot without getting it flooded. We will place a plate underneath and when the water is drained, we will remove the rest. You need a subscriber every 15 or 20 days. The compost must be liquid and is incorporated into the water. The plant will need good aeration at all times.

Outdoor care

cyclamen persicum in gardens

Outdoors it requires less care. We will choose a place with semi-shade and cool. It should be planted in very soft soil and be careful not to bury them beyond the level it had in the pot when we bought it.

The compost you need is the same that is used to maintain the garden. It does not need pruning or any maintenance.

As you can see, this plant is well known throughout Europe because it has great resistance to cold and can make our garden not so desolate in winter. In addition, it has a wide range of colors and little care outside.

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  1.   JOHN WILD said


    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi John.

      Our yellow leaves on plants It is a symptom that can be due to multiple causes: excess or lack of watering, or old age (the lower leaves die after a while).

      In order to help you better, we need to know how often you water it and if you have it in a pot without holes or with a plate underneath.

  2.   Natalia said

    Consult, I have the plant in a pot with holes, I water it when I see that its soil is not damp.

    Lately, it has yellow leaves and when a new leaf or flower begins to emerge from its stem, the bottom part begins to thin and it is like it has rotted and withered.

    I don't want the plant to die, please help me what should I do.

    Thank you

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hello Natalia.

      Do you have a plate under it? Is that when watering, the water remains stagnant in it, and this can rot the roots unless it is emptied after having watered. It is also necessary to take into account that the surface of the substrate (soil) dries more quickly, as it is more exposed, which can confuse us and believe that the earth is completely dry when it is not.

      If you do not have a plate, check the humidity of the substrate, for example with a toothpick inserted all the way. If it comes out with a lot of soil attached, don't water; on the contrary, if it comes out practically clean, water.

      The leaves that are yellow can be removed, since they will not turn green again.

      If you have doubts, tell me.


  3.   Yolanda said

    I make a query, I have an alpine violet blooming in the middle of summer in Argentina, it catches my attention.

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Yolanda.

      Weather often surprises us, as it can cause a plant to bloom early. Also the human being, in controlled crops, can advance or delay flowering.