Ampelopsis (Parthenocissus)

Ampelopsis brevipedunculata

Vines are great plants, with which you can have a spectacular garden with little care. There are many genera and species, but the one that I am going to present to you on this occasion will surely delight you; the ampelopsis.

With minimal care, you can enjoy it to the fullest. And if you don't believe me, try our tips and see for yourself. 😉

Origin and characteristics

Our protagonist is a deciduous vine which belongs to the genus Parthenocissus, which is distributed throughout the Asian continent and North America. It is known as virgin vine or ampelopsis. It develops woody stems, from which tendrils sprout that help it climb. The leaves are bright green that turn reddish during the fall. The flowers are arranged in panicles, and are very small, green in color. The fruit is a small bluish-black berry that is toxic, and therefore should not be consumed.

Its growth rate is very fast, so you will not have to wait long to get to cover that wall that you like so little, or that lattice that has been left empty.

Main species

The botanical genus Parthenocissus is made up of about fifteen species, of which the best known are the following:

Parthenocissus dalzielii

The Parthenocissus dalzielii has trifoliate leaves

Image - Wikimedia / 13lowect1

El Parthenocissus dalzielii It is a deciduous climber native to East and Southeast Asia. It is characterized by its leaves, formed by three leaflets whose margins are light green jagged. Its fruits look like dark blue grapes.

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

The parthenocissus quinquefolia is a vine

Image - Flickr / Sam Fraser-Smith

El Parthenocissus quinquefolia, known as virgin vine, virgin vine, or Virginia creeper, is a deciduous climber native to the eastern and central United States, southeastern Canada, and eastern Mexico. Its leaves are formed by 5 elliptical or obovate leaflets, green in color. The fruits are dark blue.

Parthenocissus semicordata

The Parthenocissus semicordata is a deciduous climber

Image - Wikimedia / tom houston

El Parthenocissus semicordata is a climber native to the Himalayas that produces leaves with three leaflets. These have a green beam and a lighter underside.. The margins are jagged. Its fruits are dark in color, you could almost say that they are black.

Parthenocissus tricuspidata

The virgin vine is a very decorative climber

View of its leaves in autumn.

El Parthenocissus tricuspidata It is a deciduous climber known as a virgin vine. It is native to eastern Asia, where it grows in Japan, Korea, and southern and eastern China. Its leaves are lobed and dark green. The fruit is bluish, very dark in color.

Parthenocissus veitchii

The Parthenocissus veitchii, whose full scientific name is Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Veitchi', It is a less vigorous climber than the P. tricuspidata. In fact, while the latter can reach 30 meters, the 'Veitchi' reaches 15 meters.

What are their cares?

Do you need a climbing plant that grows fast and without support to cover a wall, pergola or lattice? Then we recommend having an ampelopsis or Parthenocissus. Although it can reach impressive heights, it is so well tolerant of pruning that it could be grown even in small gardens without problems, but how?

If you have doubts, below we will explain the care you should provide:

Location

The ampelopsis is a climber that it has to be in the garden or on a patio for example, but always outside. Inside the house it would not survive, since it must feel the passage of the seasons to know when to grow and when to stop feeding its leaves to go into hibernation.

Its roots are not invasive, but if we take into account its rapid development and vigor, it is highly recommended that other plants are not planted too close to it. Ideally, there should be a distance of at least 3 feet between the vine and the other plant you want to plant in that corner.

Also, you should know that although it can tolerate some sun, it is not uncommon for its leaves to burn with it, especially if it has been in that place for a short time and if the degree of insolation is very high. So, it is preferable to have it in semi-shade.

Earth

  • Flower pot: it is not demanding, so you can fill it with universal growing medium. In any case, we recommend mixing it with 30% perlite, or adding a first layer of clay to the pot to improve drainage.
  • the garden: it is indifferent as long as it has good drainage. It can grow well in clay soils if they drain the water fast.

Irrigation

The virgin vine has dark blue fruits

How often to water the Parthenocissus? Well, this will depend on whether it rains or not, the temperature, whether it is in a pot or in the ground, and the type of soil or substrate in which it grows, among other factors. Thus, The most advisable thing is that you go checking the humidity of the soil that your plant has, and water only when it is almost dry.

Thus, in general, and if the weather is very warm and in your area it rains little, it would be watered about 3 times a week or 4 during the hottest season, and somewhat less in winter.

Subscriber

It is advisable to fertilize your climber from spring to late summer / early fall, since it is when it is growing. Use a universal fertilizer for plants or organic fertilizers such as mulch or guano.

Multiplication

If you want to get new copies, you should know that multiplies by seeds and cuttings during spring.

Pruning

When it comes to pruning it, You have to remove all the stems that look bad, and trim those that are getting too long. Use pruning shears They are clean and disinfected, and do not be afraid to give it a drastic pruning (that is, if your plant measures 5 meters, you could cut its height in half without problems).

The pruning season is late winter, shortly before the leaves sprout.

Rusticity

Withstands cold and frost up to -7ºC.

The virgin vine is a vigorous climber

What did you think of ampelopsis? Have you heard of her? Now you know how to take care of it to be able to enjoy its beauty from day one 🙂.


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  1.   Alejandra said

    I have an anphelopsis planted in a small flowerbed, after which comes a ceramic patio.
    After 5 years of laying it happened to me that the ceramics were raised. Because of the proximity I think it must be the roots.
    Could they be that strong?

    Before trying to take it out and pot it, which will be tricky, I wanted to know if this could be. If I don't look for another reason.
    Thank you!

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Alejandra.
      Yes, if the soil is 'loose', that is, ceramic, chopped or gravel soil, you can lift it.

      You can take it out and give it a drastic pruning in late winter. If it comes out with root, it is likely to recover.

      regards

  2.   cristian said

    I have a bonsai made. Very beautiful! After some leaves were burned in the sun, I pruned it and now it has a spectacular sprout. There is even a very thin and long twig growing.

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hello Cristian.
      Great that it sprouted you. Put it in semi-shadow if you haven't already done so, to prevent it from burning again.
      Regards!

  3.   Carolina rosso said

    Hello, I have a wall 25 meters long by 3 meters high and I want to cover it with a climbing plant, I have seen that this is good for that, but I want it to always remain covered and I read that its leaves fall in autumn, I live In Colombia where there are no seasons, only winter and summer, I want to know if its leaves would also fall, and if this happens, more leaves are born again or the plant dies, I would like a climber that sticks on its own but have very nice flowers

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hello Caroline.

      This climber needs four very different seasons so that it can live well, since without the winter rest its health would be weakened.

      If you want a climber suitable for your climate and that is evergreen, I recommend more a passiflora, which will only need a guide to be able to climb the wall. On this article we mention more evergreen climbing plants.

      Greetings.

  4.   Carlos said

    When you indicate that the fruit is toxic, is it toxic to People or is it toxic to animals?
    I have dogs, I suppose that if any of those mini fruits fell they would not eat them but .. to go knowing .. thank you!

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi carlos.

      The fruits are toxic to everyone (except for birds), so their consumption is not recommended.

      Regards!

  5.   Javier said

    Hello, I want to plant a virgin tricuspidata vine, and this is the only article in which I have read that the veitchii is less vigorous than the tricuspidata. In all the nurseries they tell me that tricuspidata and veitchii are the same, that there is no difference.
    Is it possible that nurseries always call all tricuspidatas interchangeably veitchii, whether or not they are veitchii; Or what happens is that the best sellers are veitchii and the most vigorous tricuspidata is hardly marketed?
    Thank you,

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Javier.
      They are the same, yes. Well the true species is Parthenocissus tricuspidata, but some consider that the veitchii is a subspecies, that is to say: Parthenocissus tricuspidata subsp veitchii (Hence this name is seen further to the right in the article menu).

      Regarding your question: the truth is, I don't know how to answer that hehe. In the nurseries I visit I have rarely seen 'Veitchii', but I don't know if all the nurseries do the same.

      Regards!

  6.   Belén said

    Hello! The place where I live in summer is very hot, is it recommended or will it not last?

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hello Belen.

      It is grown a lot in the Mediterranean, with temperatures close to 40ºC in summer, so you will not have problems. Of course, perhaps its leaves in autumn go from green to brown, but otherwise, it will grow well.

      Greetings.

  7.   Nelly said

    I have two that cover the wall but something happens that the green leaves fall in large quantities and are healthy

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Nelly.
      Are you in the northern or southern hemisphere? It is that if you are in the north, it may be that they already fall because autumn has arrived. It's rare that they fall green and healthy, but considering that the weather is a bit crazy, we shouldn't be too surprised either.

      In any case, I recommend you look to see if they have any pests, such as mealybugs, as these could be the ones that are causing that leaf fall.

      Greetings.

  8.   Diego said

    Hello. I have several ampelopsis in large pots. but we are in November and it has not yet begun to sprout again. I did not do a pruning at the end of winter.

    I started putting foliage plant growth hormones on it. What could be the reason that it has not recovered its buds...?
    Any suggestion?
    thank you very much

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Diego.
      Is it the first time it happens to you? It could be that they were watering a lot, perhaps. What care do they receive?
      A greeting.