Beetroot: characteristics, cultivation and properties

Beet source of health

Beetroot It is one of the most colorful vegetables that nature offers us. It has an intense purple color and comes from the Quenopodiaceae family. Its scientific name is Beta vulgaris and grows most abundantly in coastal regions. It is a food widely used in salads and all healthy diets.

If you want to know everything related to the cultivation, characteristics and properties of beets, this is your post 🙂

Key features

Main characteristics of beets

The origin of the beet takes place in the coastal zone of Africa. The locals of this area were dedicated to growing beets along with chard. They were in high demand for its strong bittersweet flavor, meatiness and juiciness.

Currently, Italy and France are the main beet producers in the world. We can find beets of two types. One is used to feed the animals. This is the fodder beet. The other type of beet is red or common. This is very easy to differentiate by its spherical appearance. If we touch it when it is wet, it can stain our hands.

Its root is between 5 and 10 centimeters long. When the plant is fully grown, it weighs between 80 and 200 grams. Although the purple and reddish color is the most abundant, there are other varieties whose color is more orange and pinkish. Its pulp is white.

This vegetable does not have a specific date for its cultivation. It can be harvested throughout the year. Due to its flavor, it is not only used for salads, but also to make a type of sugar.

Beet cultivation

Beet cultivation

If you want the beet to grow correctly, the first requirement is the type of soil. They need a soil with high fertility, deep and with good drainage. It cannot be flooded when watering. Its aeration must allow the exchange correct oxygen and CO2 release to the atmosphere.

The ideal fertilizer for beets is manure. The location must be in semi-shade. Direct sunlight from the sun can seriously damage your tissues. Therefore, it is protected to give it a more comfortable growth. It is able to adapt well to some climates lower than range between 15 and 18 degrees.

To plant them we must place the seeds in the ground. We make holes up to two centimeters deep. During the two days before cultivation, it is advisable to wet well and keep the holes where we are going to plant moist. Although it can be sown throughout the year, the most optimal growth period is between the months of May and the end of June. The plant takes only three weeks to fully grow and three months to be able to be consumed.

As the plant begins to grow, if we see that it has weaker parts, andIt's convenient to tear them off. These parts do not work well and cause the plant in general to not be able to acquire all the nutrients. If we remove the less strong parts, we will give it more space for development and a good distribution of nutrients. If we want a large beet, we will need an area of ​​about 25 centimeters. The smallest we can plant are 8 × 8 cm blocks.

Care

Necessary care of beets

The plant requires some care that must be covered if we want a beet in perfect condition and with a good flavor. The irrigation is constant, and more when the summer time arrives. Although you have to water it daily, it is important to remember what has been mentioned above. It is not at all advisable to flood the plant, since it suffocates the roots and ends up killing them. Irrigation must be frequent but in small quantities.

On the other hand, the soil cannot be allowed at any time to be dry or cracked. A cracked soil shows signs of complete drought and a need for water. If the beet suffers from a water shortage, even if we water it again later, it will not be able to recover.

It is important to have it away from other weeds in the fields. If we frequently add soil to the side of the plant, we will be less likely to grow weeds. If even doing this we see that weeds grow, it is better to remove them as soon as possible.

To collect the fruit we will first need to cut the leaves, leaving part of the stem. Although it is a simple process, it requires care and attention.

If we don't want flies or other insects to appear, dry and dead leaves have to be removed. It is also good not to plant the beets too deeply, as the stems will germinate quite weak.

A curiosity about the ability to dye beet is that if we stain our hands, if we wash them with salt, it will disappear instantly.

Healthy benefits and preservation

beet properties

Beet is considered a great vegetable for its high nutritional contributions. To obtain all its properties, it must be cooked with its shell for one hour. Otherwise it could lose color and nutrients. The best option to cook it is steamed.

If we consume beets in our diet we will be benefiting from its properties. It helps us control blood pressure, increase energy levels, release toxins from our body and reduce stomach bloating. In addition, it is able to strengthen the muscles, protect our heart and help us against Alzheimer's.

It is recommended to eat those beets that are fresh and fleshy. All those that present bumps or scratches are better not to take them, since they could have bacteria. Its color must be intense since it is its indicator of good condition.

The leaves are also consumed and used for the preparation of some foods. It is necessary that they maintain an intense green color and be as tender as possible.

As a curiosity, it can be said that beets are frequently used to prevent cancer, due to its high iron content and to combat anemia.

Beetroot is a very famous plant that is grown almost all over the world. If you want to take advantage of all its benefits, with this information you can grow your own beet in a healthy and balanced way.


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