What plants belong to the genus Brassica

Genus Brassica

Speaking of genus Brassica is talking about cruciferous plants, that is, although, suddenly, their name sounds very strange to you, the truth is that you are tired of seeing plants of this species. You do it every time you go to the market and, surely, you are even a regular consumer, at your table, of some of the brassica variants. Are you wondering which ones? In this article we are going to give you the answer and teach you everything about them. So that you know your foods well, whether you like them or if you are one of those most reluctant to eat vegetables. 

We bet your mother served them to you as a child and, perhaps, you even had some conflict with them during childhood. Does it sound familiar to you? Well yes, that's where the shots go. Cabbages, cabbage, broccoli, turnips and other similar vegetables. They can be delicious if you know how to cook them the right way, but they are certainly not too tasty without some flavor and care. 

Learn what they are, the varieties there are and why their cultivation is interesting. In addition to some other proposals to incorporate them into your kitchen and take full advantage of their properties. Because they have many health benefits. 

What are Brassicas?

Genus Brassica

Brassicas are nothing other than cruciferous. They are well known worldwide for serving as food and forage, although sometimes they can also be used for ornamental purposes. It is a species that has no waste. 

There are More than 35 species within this genus that belong to the Brassicaceae family

As food, they are one of the best vegetables that can be eaten thanks to their properties and, as for their cultivation, it is relatively simple, as they adapt to practically all soils. 

These are the plants that belong to the Brassicas

Without further ado, let's introduce you what plants belong to the genus Brassica. As a preview, let me tell you that we can distinguish between brassica oleracea, brassica napus, brassica rapa, juncea and nigra. Next, we are going to get to know them one by one and their varieties.

brassica oleracea

La brassica oleracea It has been cultivated for thousands of years. Within it are vegetables as well-known and consumed in the world as: Brussels sprouts, cabbage, kale, broccoli, cauliflower and rutabaga. 

Genus Brassica

All these cruciferous vegetables are of interest, from a nutritional point of view, because they are very rich in vitamins, especially in vitamin C and vitamin K, in addition to Mineral salts and in fiber. In addition, they contain a good contribution of Antioxidants, which is why they are known as anticancer. It is said that eating these vegetables regularly prevents the formation of tumors, thanks to their bioactive compounds such as glucosilonates.

Brassica

Genus Brassica

La brassica napus is rapeseed, which is known more than as an edible vegetable like the previous ones, because it oil is extracted and because it is used as forage. It is used for make biodiesel, more ecological than classic fuel, in an attempt to reduce environmental pollution.

Then we have the Nabicol, which is a Brassica genus cultivated for food consumption of its roots, both for us humans and to feed livestock. 

Those who are dedicated to livestock or are interested in these topics will know that the rapeseed flour It is one of the most used ingredients to manufacture animal feed, given its protein richness. This flour is extracted from rapeseed oil. 

El rapeseed oil stands out for its content in monounsaturated fatty acids and omega-3

brassica rapa

Genus Brassica

Also within the brassica rapa there are different varieties. Among them stand out the turnip, Chinese cabbage and mizuna. You have surely eaten the first one when your mother or grandmother prepared exquisite stews or stews with vegetables. Mizuna is less known, although widely used in Asian cuisine. 

All these vegetables are rich in vitamins A, C and K and in minerals such as calcium and iron. They are also an interesting food because they contain natural antioxidants and anti-inflammatory

Brassica juncea

Within brassica juncea is the Indian mustard or brown mustard, which serves as food with its leaves, which can be eaten as vegetables, and with its seeds, from which oil is made and, with it, the mustard with which we season our dishes. 

In addition to adding flavor to our hamburgers, hot dogs, stir-fries and salads, mustard is interesting because it has digestive properties and stimulate appetite

Brassica nigra

Also called black mustard, which is prepared with its seeds and then sold to you under the name Dijon mustard. The brassica nigra It is very good for health, both consumed and applied to the skin through massages. 

Black mustard has antimicrobial and anticancer properties. In addition, it is also anti-inflammatory, so when massaged it helps reduce muscle discomfort.

Why are you interested in growing the Brassica genus?

Brassicas are of interest to farmers because they are widely sold throughout the world given their value in cooking and also in medicine and the food industry in general, as we have seen. But brassicas also have a strong ecological and positive impact on the soil.

Sow brassicas It helps reduce pests in the field, because some of its species have allelopathic properties, which inhibit the growth of weeds. Its pathogen-inhibiting function is an ecological advantage, since you will be able to control pests without having to resort to chemical methods.

How to include brassicas in your diet

We have seen that with the plants belonging to the genus Brassica There is a great variety of vegetables that allow us to have a varied and nutritious diet. From the mustard that is obtained and provides us with medicinal properties, to the turnips, cabbage, broccoli, kale and many other variants that, included in stews, gratin, steamed, sautéed or scrambled, are an interesting option. to take care of yourself by eating delicious food. 


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