Calibrachoa, a very cheerful plant that beautifies any corner

Callibrachoa are plants that produce numerous flowers

Its flowers may remind you of another plant: petunias. In fact, they are very related, so much so that our protagonist is known by the name of Petunia Calibrachoa, although they belong to two different genres. In the same way, their colors are very bright, very happy.

You can have it both in a hanging pot and in the garden, where it will look great together with other flower plants. Discover how the calibrachoa is cared for, a very useful plant to beautify any corner.

Characteristics of the Calibrachoa

Calibrachoa produce cheerful flowers

The calibrachoa is a botanical genus of smallish perennials, whose height does not exceed 20 cm, originating in South America. They belong to the family Solanaceae, and the best known species, the Calibrachoa x hybrida, is a hybrid created from species from Brazil.

Its leaves are small, oval, with a defined central vein, green in color, they are small and a little sticky to the touch. Its flowers, undoubtedly its main attraction, are trumpet-shaped, and can be single or double, yellow, red, pink or orange.

They sprout from spring to fall; that is you can enjoy its colors for nine months, of their joy and are smaller than petunias.

They are perennials, however, in places where the climate is cold, they are usually grown as annuals. They are short, reaching a maximum of 30 centimeters high, which makes them ideal for covering the floors of large planters and small gardens and also as a hanging plant.

The stems are provided with many branches which makes them always look very bushy. They are very heat tolerantIn fact, the greater the number of hours of light, the greater the flowering.

Care

Callibrachoa is a herbaceous plant

Image - Flickr / -Merce-

If we talk about your care, it is a very grateful plant, but sensitive to cold. It can survive light frosts down to -2ºC, but if you live in an area with lower values, I recommend placing it inside the home, in a very bright room.

The rest of the year It should be located in an area where it is exposed to direct sunlight, if possible all day.

The soil should be well drained and slightly acidic. In case you want to have it in a pot, it is advisable to use a universal substrate for plants mixed with 20% perlite or river sand.

It must always be kept slightly dry, since it does not resist in the ponding. Therefore, irrigation has to be occasional, a maximum of 2 or 3 times a week.

Diseases of the calibrachoa

Callibrachoa blooms in summer

This type of plants is quite sensitive to root diseases, as well as those subjected to excessive irrigation, since this favors the appearance of pathogens.

If we go to the most common diseases, the Fusarium It is one of the first to appear when there is more humidity than the plant can bear. Others that usually affect the plant:

  • Powdery mildew.

  • Rhizoctonia.

  • Phytophthora.

  • Thielaviopsis.

  • Phytium.

Pests of the calibrachoa

Callibrachoa is a flowering herbaceous

Of the most common pests and also easy to detect and that usually attack this plant, we have the miner animals, which are characterized by making small tunnels in the leaves, detectable when placed against the light.

It is recommended when it is widespread, to eliminate affected leaves and weeds.

Other pests that affect you:

  • Mealybugs.

  • Mites.

  • Aphids

Species

Calibrachoas are very cheerful plants

This genus is made up of about 32 species native to South AmericaOnly one of them, Calibrachoa parviflora, is also found in the southern United States, and in Mexico.

It should be noted that a good part of these species are used in the ornamental field, thanks to their characteristics and attractiveness.

The following are the best known species:

  • Calcina calibrachoa.
  • Calibrachoa eglandulata.
  • Calibrachoa caesia.
  • Calibrachoa dusenii.
  • Calibrachoa linearis.
  • Calibrachoa ericaefolia.
  • Calibrachoa heterophylla.
  • Calibrachoa excellens.
  • Calibrachoa hassleriana.
  • Calibrachoapygmaea.
  • Calibrachoa spathulata.
  • Calibrachoa sellowiana.
  • Calibrachoa rupestris.

Farming

The callibrachoa is small

There are two ways to grow this plant, one is for seeds and the other for cuttings.

Cultivation by seed

The seeds are treated in a hot tray, which consists of the following:

  1. Choose whether the crop will be in a pot or in the ground directly.

  2. In the substrate you must make a hole several centimeters deep.

  3. Choose a good compost, with which you are going to fill the hole, you immediately water it.

  4. In the same place you re-form the hole and that is when you proceed to place the seeds inside.

  5. Proceed to cover them with soil and compost, without exaggerating the amount and without compacting too much.

  6. Apply water again.

  7. Let the days go by until it germinates.

Cultivation by cutting

Experts say that the best option when growing the calibrachoa is through cuttings, and therefore, His first recommendation is that the process be carried out indoors.

You take a stem without a flower, but with shoots from the mother plant. Pay attention that it is at least six inches long, as well as to remove the leaves from the lowest part of it.

  1. Place the stem in a hole previously made in the substrate.

  2. Keep moist, but without puddling the soil.

  3. Provide a warm space within the home or growing area.

  4. Make sure it receives bright, natural light for several hours a day.

  5. Take into account the following recommendations before sowing these types of plants:

  6. The ideal growing season is spring.

  7. The perfect place for its development is where it has sunlight and is sheltered from the wind and rain.

  8. It needs iron, so the substrate must be treated with quality organic matter.

  9. When watering, do not wet the flowers and leaves, the irrigation is for the soil.

  10. Provides irrigation when the soil is dry.

Free-draining soil is the best for growing the plant, since they look very beautiful in pots and hanging basketsThey moderately tolerate drought and very little cold or superficial frosts.

Its development once planted, is usually very fast, requires good sunlight for generous floweringFor this reason, those that are planted in the semi-shade generate flowers in less quantity.

In spring and summer, nthe substrate needs to be fertilized with a liquid and natural fertilizer, every 15 days, since this favors a rich and abundant flowering.

From

Calibrachoa are easy plants to care for

The calibrachoa is native to South American countries, such as Chile, Brazil or Peru. Some species can be found in Mexico and the southern United States.

Uses

The callibrachoa is ornamental

The use given to the calibrachoa is as an ornamental plant, since the variety of colors of its flowers and the abundant bouquets are perfect to provide attractiveness to the garden, terrace or space where you have them located.

It is also used as an annual plant, to be placed in hanging pots or, failing that, as plants that cover the entire ground. They are used to grow in gardens for interior decoration and in pots.

And it is that they are ideal for gardens, since their bright colors stand out, they are also perfect to have them in pots, since they bloom from the end of winter and prevail until the fall. Its use is not indicated, as an edible or as a natural medicine.


The content of the article adheres to our principles of editorial ethics. To report an error click here!.

18 comments, leave yours

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

*

*

  1. Responsible for the data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Purpose of the data: Control SPAM, comment management.
  3. Legitimation: Your consent
  4. Communication of the data: The data will not be communicated to third parties except by legal obligation.
  5. Data storage: Database hosted by Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Rights: At any time you can limit, recover and delete your information.

  1.   Maria Omaira Diez said

    I live in Medellin where I can get calibrachoa.

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hello Maria.
      Calibrachoa can be found at any nursery or garden store, or by seed on the Internet.
      A greeting.

  2.   Juanma said

    In one of your articles on calibration you say that you should water a maximum of 3 times a week, however in another you say that you should prevent the soil from drying out. (It is a hanging plant item.) Can you tell me what is the necessary irrigation and if it can share substrate with a lobelia erinus? Thanks

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Juanma.
      Yes, more or less, 3-4 times a week. Ideally, the soil does not dry out completely, but it does not get flooded either.
      Regarding your question, if the pot is wide - about 40cm in diameter or more - both plants can be together.
      A greeting.

  3.   Gab said

    Hi there! I've had some calibrachoas in hanging pots for 3 months. They were very leafy and full of flower, but little by little the leaves have turned pale green or yellow and each time it gives less flowers. At first I watered them every other day, but it was very hot and if I spend more than a day and a half without watering them, they start to wither. What do you recommend to help them recover?
    Thank you!

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Gab.
      Do you have a plate under them? If so, I would recommend removing the excess water within ten minutes of watering.
      I also advise you to treat them with fungicide, to avoid fungi.
      In case of not improving, write us again and we will tell you 🙂.
      A greeting.

  4.   Karina said

    Hello:
    I have several plants of Calibrachoa, since April they have become very leafy and abundant with flowers but some of the plants a couple weeks ago have begun to gradually wither the leaves until they are almost completely dry. The watering is the same as always, I have them in hanging pots. I can't find an answer in any blog about what it can be and whether or not pruning the dry branches is recommended. Please what can it be, what do you suggest I do?

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Karina.
      Have you ever changed the pot or fertilizer? They might be a little hungry 🙂. It is important to fertilize the plants during the warm months of the year, for example with universal fertilizer for plants or with guano in liquid form. You will find both for sale in nurseries.
      A greeting.

  5.   patrician said

    I like these plants but abeses they last me 5 days and they wither and dry up and every year I buy at least 20 plants and I am getting tired of buying these plants and I put new and fertilizing soil on them

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hello Patricio.
      What care do you give them? They need to be outside, in full sun or semi-shade, and receive frequent waterings but avoiding waterlogging.
      If you want, tell me how you take care of them and I will advise you.
      A greeting.

  6.   Bernard said

    Please send me homemade fertilizer and pesticide tips for calibrachoa.

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hello Bernarda.
      May this article it works for you.
      Regards!

  7.   Sandra said

    Hello, my calibrachoa has not given flowers since I bought it 1 month ago, in the pot one yellow and another pink are mixed, the latter dried up, the watering is every 2 days, when I touch the ground I find that it is very airy, it will be necessary to add more soil or change the pot, I read that its substrate must be a little acid, is it lacking in nutrients?

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hello Sandra.

      I recommend you move it to a larger pot, since its roots may have run out of space. Choose one that has holes in the base, and fill it with universal substrate.

      regards

  8.   Yoli said

    Hello,

    I have had calibrachoas for years, because I love the flowers they give, every year I prune them and every year they sprout more beautiful.

    This year they are full of flowers and very leafy, but these last days they are filling with aphids. I have seen on the Internet that dissolving vinegar and water in a 1 to 10 ratio kills aphids and I would like to know if it is effective or not, because I am not in favor of using purchased insecticides and I prefer natural remedies.

    Thank you very much and best regards.

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Yoli.

      I fully agree with you. Whenever possible, it is better to avoid insecticides, for the environment, and even for the plant itself.

      I have not tried that particular remedy, but of course it will not harm your calibrachoa. Anyway, if you want in this article We talk about other home remedies to eliminate aphids.

      Greetings.

  9.   Leanis Martinez Field said

    Beautiful plant ..
    I love I want to grow many, to have varieties of this beautiful little plant

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Leanis.

      With the advice we give in this article you will surely be able to.
      If in doubt, write to us.

      Greetings.