La jade plant it is one of the best known succulents in the world. It is easily found in nurseries and garden stores, and it is one of the wonders that you can have at home without having to worry too much about watering, as it is one of the most recommended for beginners.
Although it grows to a maximum height of two meters, it has a slow growth rate and, in addition, its roots are not invasive at all, so it can be potted throughout its life. Let us know how it is and what its cares are.
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Jade plant characteristics
Our protagonist is a crass plant native to South Africa whose scientific name is Crassula ovata. A succulent evergreen shrub with thick, fleshy leaves which usually have a reddish margin of 3 to 7 centimeters. It produces flowers in clusters composed of five white petals during the fall and winter.
It is a plant that can be had both indoors and outdoors protected from frost, but we will see it in more detail below.
How do you take care of Crassula ovata?
If you have purchased a jade plant and want to give it the best care, here is a guide that may be useful to you:
- Outdoor: in full sun whenever possible, but you should know that it lives well in semi-shade. For this reason, it can be had for example in bright entrances, or in a patio where, although the sun does not come directly, it looks good without having to turn on any light during the day.
- Interior: If you have it indoors, it must be in a very bright room, the more the better, otherwise its leaves will lose strength and the plant will hardly grow.
- Flower pot: it must have good drainage. You can put black peat mixed with perlite in equal parts.
- the garden: grows on sandy-type soils, capable of draining water quickly. If your soil is rather compact, make a large planting hole, 1m x 1m, and fill it with pumice or fine gravel (1-3mm thick) when you go to plant your jade plant. In this way, in case it rains in a torrential way from time to time, it will be quite protected.
Generally, the soil or substrate must be allowed to dry before watering again. Now, if the summer is being especially warm, that is, that for days and weeks the temperatures remain between 25 and 40 or more degrees Celsius and it does not rain, if you have your plant outside, water it a couple of times per week so you don't get dehydrated.
When you go to water, moisten all the soil / substrate well. In the event that you see that said soil is not capable of absorbing water, you have to do the following:
- Garden: take a knife or scissors and drive them around the plant several times. Then water.
- Pot: put it in a basin of water, so that the pot is more or less half submerged. Leave it like this for about 30 minutes.
For a correct development, it is highly recommended to fertilize the jade plant from early spring to late summer with a specific fertilizer for cacti and succulents following the indications specified on the package. Even if you live in an area where the climate is mild and / or where there are no frosts, you can continue to fertilize until autumn.
Of course, when the temperature drops below 15ºC, the fertilizer is suspended, since at these temperatures growth is minimal and, therefore, nutritional needs are lower than the rest of the year.
Planting or transplanting time
Whether you are going to plant in the garden or if you are going to move it to a larger pot, you have to do it in spring. If it is in a container, it has to be transplanted when you see roots coming out of the drainage holes, or if it has not been changed for more than three years.
In any case, you have to do it with care not to manipulate its root system too much.
The jade plant multiplies by seeds and stem cuttings in spring-summer:
The seeds They must be sown in pots with universal substrate mixed with perlite in equal parts. They have to be as far apart as possible, and they have to be covered a little with substrate (mostly so that they are not exposed).
Then the seedbed is watered and placed outside, or near a heat source. Water 2-3 times a week; this way they will germinate in about 7-10 days.
The easiest and fastest way to get new specimens is by multiplying it with stem cuttings. For it, You just have to cut a branch, let the wound dry for about 5 days in a place protected from direct sun, and then plant it (do not nail it) in a pot with, for example, pumice.
Placing the pot outside, in semi-shade, and keeping the substrate slightly damp, it will begin to root after a week or ten days.
Plagues and diseases
It is quite resistant, but you have to be careful with snails. These can be kept away by casting diatomaceous earth around the plant for example.
Withstands cold and frost up to -2ºC.
Where to buy?
You can get it here!.
So you can grow healthy.