It is one of the most popular evergreen saplings / shrubs. Its easy cultivation and maintenance, as well as its resistance to pruning and disease, make it a great plant to have in almost any type of garden. Your name? Eponymous.
We didn't want to have a gardening blog without writing your complete file for you, so here it is.
Table of Contents
Origin and characteristics of Euonymous japonicus
Our protagonist is an evergreen plant native to Japan, Korea and China whose scientific name is Euonymus japonicus, although it is popularly known as Japanese spindle, Japanese bonetero, evonivo or evonymous. It reaches a height of 2 to 8 meters, although it is normally not allowed to grow more than 3m.
Its leaves are oval, 3 to 7 cm long, and have a finely rounded margin. These are green in color, but they can also be variegated (green and yellow). The flowers are about 5mm in diameter, and are greenish-white in color. The fruit is green, and inside we find pink seeds.
The growth rate of Euonymus japonicus It's fast, but not too fast. What I mean by this is that can grow at a rate of 20 or 30 centimeters per year, depending on the weather.
There are above all two that are especially popular:
Euonymus 'Aurea': which has leaves more yellow than green.
Euonymus 'Microphyllus': with small leaves.
Euonymus japonicus: care
If you dare to have a copy, we recommend you take care of it as follows:
It is important to be outside, in full sun. It can also be in semi-shade as long as it receives more hours of light than shade.
- Flower pot: if you want to have a Euonymus japonicus in a pot, you must put a universal culture substrate (on sale here!) mixed with 30% perlite.
- the garden: it is indifferent as long as it has good drainage.
The frequency of irrigation will vary depending on the season of the year, as well as the climate of the area. Still, to give you an idea, it is advisable to water it 3-4 times a week during the warmest season of the year, and every 4-5 days the rest.
It is highly recommended to water rainwater or lime-free water, so if you only have very hard water -with a pH of 8 or higher-, you should add a tablespoon of vinegar to 5l of water. You can find out what the pH of the water is with some measuring strips that are sold in pharmacies for this purpose.
From early spring to late summer you must pay your ebonimus once a month with ecological fertilizers, for example with guano which is very rich in important nutrients such as nitrogen. In the case of having it in a pot, use liquid fertilizers so that the soil does not have problems filtering the water.
The euonymous plant is multiplied by seeds in autumn or by cuttings in spring. Let's see how to proceed in each case:
The step by step to follow is the following:
- The first thing to do is fill a tupperware with vermiculite.
- Afterwards, the seeds are placed - without interposing them - and covered with more vermiculite.
- Then, sprinkle with copper or sulfur to prevent the appearance of fungus.
- Next, it is watered - better with a sprayer - avoiding waterlogging.
- The next step is to cover the tupperware with its lid, and place it in the fridge (where you put the milk and others).
- From then until spring, the tupperware should be removed once a week and opened to renew the air.
- In spring, the seeds will be sown in a pot with universal cultivation substrate placed outside, in semi-shade.
Thus, will germinate throughout the spring.
The way to proceed is as follows:
- The first thing to do is to cut a hardwood cutting with previously disinfected scissors.
- Afterwards, the base is impregnated with homemade rooting agents or with liquid rooting hormones.
- Then a pot is filled with universal growing medium, watered, and a hole made in the center.
- Then the cutting is planted.
- Finally, the filling is finished and the pot is placed outside, in semi-shade.
Thus, will emit its own roots after 3-4 weeks.
The euonymous plant is very resistant, but if the conditions are not right it can be affected by the following pests:
- Mealybugs: they can be cottony or limpet type. In any case, they perch above all on the youngest stems. They can be removed by hand, with an anti-cochineal insecticide or with (the dose is 35g per 1l of water).
- Aphids: they are parasites that measure about 0,5cm and are green, brown or yellow in color that feed on the cells of the leaves and flowers. They can also be removed with diatomaceous earth, or controlled with .
- Spinning caterpillars: they are caterpillars of the Hyponomeuta cognatellus, which is a butterfly whose larvae weave silky nests on the leaves. It is treated with insecticides.
diseases of the Euonymus japonicus
When overwatered, the following may appear:
- Powdery mildew: it is a fungal disease (fungi) that is manifested by the appearance of a white powder on the leaves. It is frequent in eponyms that are in shadow. It is treated with fungicide.
- Gloeosporium evonymi: it is a fungus that produces spots on the leaves that are reddish first and then become brownish until they fall. It is treated with copper oxychloride.
- Phyllosticta evonymicola: it is a fungus that produces rounded leaf spots. It is also treated with fungicides.
At the end of winter, dry, diseased, weak or broken stems must be removed from the Euonymus japonicus. You can take the opportunity to cut the rest of the stems, giving them the shape you want. Of course, important, use pruning shears previously disinfected with pharmacy alcohol or with a few drops of dishwasher.
Withstands cold and frost up to -18ºC.
What did you think of the eponymous?