Many people who have a garden or a spacious terrace want to take advantage of it to be able to plant various crops and be able to be self-sufficient. To do this, you have to learn how to make a garden at home. You must have some very clear concepts and know well the needs and the materials that are needed for it.
Therefore, we are going to dedicate this article to tell you how to make a garden at home.
Table of Contents
How to make a home garden at home: materials
We are going to see what aspects to take into account you will need to learn how to make a garden at home. Among the basic needs for a home garden we have the following:
- A bright place with direct light
- Containers and substrates
- Irrigation system
- Seeds and seedlings
We are going to develop these 4 points to be able to know well how to make a garden at home.
The location of the garden can be on either side of the garden, patio, balcony, terrace or even a small window. Any small space can be used to grow our vegetables. However, the essential thing is that it is a place that has direct sunlight. Vegetables, as with other plants, They need direct sunlight exposure to obtain energy through photosynthesis. The best orientation to place the plants is the one that allows us to have a good number of hours of direct sunlight. It is usually the south or southeast orientation. Here you have to take into account the obstacles that the plant will have to receive sunlight.
Before cultivating a certain species, we must carefully assess the availability of light that we are going to have at different times of the year to know what type of crops we are going to carry out. The space may only allow cultivation to take place in the spring and summer season when the sun's path is highest. In this way, the sunlight will be used these days, while in winter it may not receive enough light due to the degree of inclination of the sun's rays and some obstacles such as posters, buildings, trees, etc. What they do not allow light to enter the garden.
How to make a garden at home: containers and substrates
They are two very necessary materials to be able to start sowing our vegetables. If we do not have soil we can create our garden using culture vessels and organic substrates. The containers can be better chosen in those that have a greater volume of substrate. The total volume that it can hold is more important and not so much the depth of the container.
There are different containers of all sizes and materials. One of the most interesting to know is the cultivation table. It is usually of various lengths, widths and heights and adapts quite well to the available space in each home to be able to grow at home in a really comfortable position.
As for substrates, the most suitable are those organic substrates that must have some characteristics in common. Whatever substrate you are going to choose for growing, it must meet the following requirements:
- Be a light substrate that allows it to be handled with ease.
- Have sufficient porosity so that aeration can be spoken easily. The same goes for water retention. They must have a fair water retention capacity to avoid puddles.
- Ability to retain nutrients fundamental that will serve to develop our vegetables.
Every time we finish a growing cycle it is convenient to remove the plants and remove the substrate to avoid compaction that it undergoes for a while. In this way, by removing the substrate sufficiently, we are able to improve porosity and avoid the formation of cracks. What's more, It is interesting to add some compost to replace the nutrients that have been consumed. This is how we will keep the substrate with enough nutrients to supply the crops.
One of the most important aspects of learning how to do home death is installing the sprinkler system. If we grow in containers we will see that the water will run out more easily than on the ground. This will force us to be more aware of irrigation. On the other hand, there are occasions in which we generate an excess irrigation that can cause a washing of nutrients and the loss of them. This makes the irrigation It will be one of the most important tasks for the growth and development of crops. In addition, in many species a constant humidity must be maintained and this humidity must be adjusted to the time of year we are in and to the type of vegetable we are growing.
It can be watered manually, especially if we have small gardens of about 3-4 pots. The most appropriate thing is to use a watering can and make the irrigation take place little by little in a controlled way and avoiding at all times the formation of cracks in the substrate. If we have a somewhat larger orchard and the summer season arrives where a greater amount of sunlight is received, it is convenient to install a drip irrigation system that has a programmer. Thanks to these more sophisticated and efficient systems we can control the irrigation flow and the frequency to provide the water that the soil needs without wasting this resource or causing excess irrigation.
Seeds and seedlings
Finally, since we know materials that we need to learn how to garden at home, we must have seeds and seedlings to grow. We already have all the conditioned space and we have either the containers or the substrate and the way of irrigation. Now it's time to develop our garden from seeds or seedlings.
For those beginning farmers it is recommended to grow seedlings. It is much easier and faster and can start the farmer learning much more about this world. We do not see the first part of the plant cycle and its development, but it simplifies too many garden tasks.
When we are already somewhat more experienced farmers, we can obtain seeds from our crops and select the most vigorous plants that are best harvested to grow them again.
I hope that with this information you can learn more about how to make a garden at home.