When we have a garden, whether large or small, we can decorate it in a thousand ways. The wide variety of vegetables that can be grown allow us to have outdoor spaces of all types and colors, adapting them to our tastes. But a garden does not have to be only beautiful, we can also take advantage of our green area. But how? Well, very simple: Making a garden with fruit trees.
It is a magnificent idea to incorporate plants that give us fruits to harvest. Apart from being very beautiful, especially in the flowering season, fruit trees also provide us with shade on hot summer days and delicious fruits. In addition, we can also carry out this idea if we have little space or even have a terrace or patio instead of a garden, since many fruit trees can also be grown in pots.
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What fruit tree to plant in the garden?
When considering how to make a garden with fruit trees, it is very important that we take into account the space we have. Trees are very large plants that expand their roots considerably underground. However, there are some fruit trees that require less space, being able to develop even in large pots. So we can enjoy them and harvest their fruits in gardens, patios or terraces.
So that fruit trees can develop and grow without problem, it is essential that the container is large enough, in case of growing them in a pot, and that the substrate we use is of quality. The most recommended thing is that the fertilizer is natural, such as guano. Next, we will talk a little about the six most common and easy-to-maintain fruit trees:
- Apple tree: It can reach a height of up to ten meters, but for reasons of comfort at harvest time it is usually left at about four meters thanks to pruning. See file.
- Pear tree: This fruit tree is very resistant, being able to withstand temperatures of up to 20 degrees below zero. See file.
- Plum: The great advantage of the plum tree is that it can be planted in almost any type of soil, it is not at all demanding in this regard. See file.
- Peach tree: In order to harvest the first peaches, the peach tree must be at least two years old. See file.
- Apricot: It is best to water it once a week and renew the substrate approximately every six months. This way we make sure that it gives us some delicious fruits. See file.
- Lemon Tree: Without a doubt it is one of the most popular fruit trees. It can reach more than five meters in height, but it is very common to have it smaller and in a pot. See file.
How to plant fruit trees in the garden?
In the event that we want to plant the fruit trees in the soil of the garden and not in a pot, the first thing we must do is dig a hole in which we will introduce the vegetable. We must fill it with soil and fertilizer, not only with fertilizer. After that, all you have to do is provide the care it requires. Of course, these depend on the species that we have planted. But in general, the basic care of fruit trees with the following:
- Fertilizer: As fruit trees require a lot of nutrients, you have to re-fertilize every winter, specifically at the end.
- Irrigation: The amount of water needed depends mainly on the species and the temperature, but it is very important not to go overboard with watering when they are in the flowering and ripening season.
- Pruning: Almost all trees require pruning, so we help these vegetables to rejuvenate. In addition, this way we favor the appearance of new shoots. In general, the best month to carry out this task is usually November.
What distance should there be between one fruit tree and another?
As we have already mentioned before, trees are very large plants that spread their roots far below the ground. It is through them that they absorb both water and nutrients to develop. For this reason we must try to prevent them from intersecting with the roots of other fruit trees that we want to plant, so they don't steal each other's food. Although it is true that the distance that we must respect depends above all on the species of tree that we plant, we can consider a standard distance of between three and five meters for fruit trees in a garden.
When it comes to having any type of tree in our garden, whether it is fruit-bearing or not, it is extremely important that we consult the customs of our municipality and local ordinances. There are many localities where it is mandatory by law to leave a certain space between trees and boundaries, for example. In general, it is usually about two meters if they are tall trees and fifty centimeters for smaller trees. However, there may also be some minimum distance between the tree and the building or fence, for example. For this reason, we must consult the regulations of our municipality before planting such a large vegetable.
Design ideas for a garden with fruit trees
Now that we have some basic notions about how to make a garden with fruit trees, we are going to give you some ideas regarding design. Since we are talking about a garden and not an orchard, the idea is that the incorporation of these vegetables continues to be beautiful and harmonious. Let's list some options we have:
- Take advantage of the free space around the fruit tree: We can create a type of island with the tree in the middle, for this we simply have to place decorative stones around it. Another option would be to place a bench or a hammock to take advantage of the shade that this plant offers us.
- Create a path or route: Making a path of dirt, asphalt or decorative stones that leads to the fruit tree will give it importance and make it stand out in our garden. In addition, it will be more comfortable for us when harvesting the fruits.
- Use pots: We should not be afraid to grow fruit trees in pots. They will be smaller but just as beautiful and practical.
I hope this article has encouraged you to grow fruit trees in your garden. Without a doubt, it is a fantastic idea.