When we have a garden or a home garden and we want to start planting crops, it is best to choose to have totally natural organic fertilizers. For this, a natural compost can be created. Organic waste is needed that is obtained through a process known as composting. This natural organic fertilizer is given thanks to the action of microorganisms that are responsible for decomposing organic matter. However, many people do not know how to make homemade compost.
In this article we are going to tell you everything you need to know about how to make homemade compost and how to use it in your crops.
Table of Contents
As we have mentioned before, compost is a type of soil that is made from organic waste. These organic wastes are decomposed due to the action of microorganisms that are responsible for decomposing organic matter. Once it has degraded, a type of fertilizer is generated that helps to improve the environment and enriches crops.
Not only is it a natural fertilizer, but it also improves the natural conditions of the land. That is, a soil fertilized with a completely natural compost can gain a large amount of nutrients and its own texture to better support all crops. The degradation of microorganisms can be controlled so that different layers of organic matter can be placed in alternate ways and subjected to a natural decomposition mixing process that mineralizes it.
As we know, the soil must be rich in minerals and other nutrients. The same goes for this natural organic compost. Compost is generated by this microbial degradation in a controlled way in a homemade compost bin. The compost bin is nothing more than a container in which organic waste can be placed in layers where we let the microorganisms that are responsible for degrading organic matter act.
How to make homemade compost with waste
This compost can be made with materials and organic waste found in our home. Many people do not know how to make homemade compost because they do not know what organic waste that can be used. It is true that microorganisms can degrade a large amount of organic waste, but not all of them are valid. Be careful with waste such as bones, meat, fat, dairy products, charcoal or anything treated with pesticides that can ruin the mixture.
It can be done with materials and organic waste from our home, but it is always recommended to use those that are green. For example, we can learn how to make homemade compost with residues such as fruits, vegetables, eggshells and coffee remains. All of them have a high nitrogen content that will help fertilize the land. Brown items are pieces of wood, cow or horse droppings, and cardboard or paper and dead leaves. These elements known as brown elements contribute a high carbon content to the compost.
The compost heap is the place where the compost heap is made. It can be done directly at home or buy it made. There are composters that are already optimized to increase the speed of compost formation. Despite this, as it is a totally natural process, it must be adapted to environmental conditions. That is, the necessary humidity and temperature conditions are needed so that microorganisms can act more quickly and efficiently.
Once we take into account all the recommendations we can learn how to make a homemade compost. The compost bin is where the compost is made. Should have adequate space depending on the space you have available at home. The size must be adapted well so that there is an adequate treatment later. It must have slits that allow perfect ventilation and it must also be easy to handle and open quickly.
How to make homemade compost at home
Let's see step by step how to make homemade compost:
- We will place a layer of straw about a foot high. On top of it we will place the garden waste, shavings, sawdust, vegetable waste and we will have to moisten it.
- Afterwards, we add a layer of about 15 centimeters of food or garden scraps and we will return it to moisten.
- Then we add a layer of about 5-10 centimeters of shredded manure and we will water with water on top.
- We must alternate other layers equal to the previous ones. You also have to avoid drying the compost at all times so that mites, ants or other animals do not invade it. Nor should we allow it to get excessively wet since it helps in the proliferation of fungi and gives off a bad smell.
- More or less you have to turn all the compost every 15 days and then every week. The maximum temperature should be maintained approximately between 50 and 60 degrees. You will notice this when you insert your hand and see how hot it is. If the heat hasn't increased, it's best to flip again and add soil, water, manure, or green waste. You have to maintain the balance between the green and dry material and the extra soil so that the microorganisms can accelerate the process.
Once we have the compost ready, you have to store it in sacks and keep them in a dry place until you use it as fertilizer for your garden or pots. We must not forget that it is essential to maintain conditions of relative humidity between 60-80% at all times so that bacteria and microorganisms can degrade organic matter well. We must protect the compost bin against any type of climatic adversity. This type of adversity can modify the conditions present inside the compost bin and alter the rate of biological degradation of organic matter.
The more we take care of the details when making this compost we can learn well how to make homemade compost of a better quality. A fertilizer will not come out that has nothing to envy to industrial fertilizers.
I hope that with this information you can learn more about how to make homemade compost.