El Hypecoum procumbens it is annual plant of the papaveraceae family, also known as zadorija, this being an endemic herb of the East Aegean and western Turkey. It grows in the meadows that are formed in the cereal fields. It is used as an ornamental plant and has medicinal properties. It is a shrub with attractive flowers although it is a classified bad herb.
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It is found in the wild in the European Mediterranean regions, regardless of the soil substrate, it prefers sandy soils, a little nitrified and warm, with sunny exposure.
Characteristics of the Hypecoum procumbens
It is a plant that can reach a height of up to 40 centimeters, its roots have a main root, it has several glabrous and glaucous stems, of linear sheets which may become lanceolate, toothed laterally.
The flowering of this species occurs in mid-winter, between the months of February and May. Regarding its inflorescence, it is decumbent to erect and can develop from 1 to 7 flowers. Sepals whole and also toothed, their petals show a beautiful lemon yellow or orange color, with a rhombus shape, they are usually as long as they are wide, their adjacent lobes are flat.
As for its inner petals, these have obovate adjacent lobes which can be found in different lengths relative to the central lobe. The stamen filaments are slightly ovate. They contain yellow pollen. The fruit has an arched appearance and is usually it is in an upright position and the seeds are greyish in color, flattened, semicircular, oblique and have an extension of approximately 2 mm in length.
The Hypecoeae family
The Hypecoeae are grouped into 15 species of the genus Hypecoum. In the past they were considered within their own family Hypecoeae, however subsequent investigations determined that they are a derivation of the family Papaveraceae.
Our papaveraceae They are a family of the poppy flowering plants, which includes 44 genera and 825 species. A good part of them are herbaceousHowever, the family also has some woody species and a genus of trees from warm regions. Within the group are many ornamental plants to decorate home gardens, also some species with properties for making drugs. Most of them inhabit the northern hemisphere regions.
It is used as ornamental shrub to decorate gardens and open spacesIt can also be seen on roads and public places. As a drug, it has been shown that protopine, an isoquinoline alkaloid found in this plant, has important biological activities that are used in the manufacture of drugs.
Diseases and pests
This plant in general is prone to attack by a variety of insects, bacteria, molds and rusts. One of the insects that attack the plant are the pesky aphids, which usually inhabit gardens and fields, usually infect the youngest leaves, although they can also be seen on flowers, branches and roots.
These critters they feed on the sap, which causes the shrub to weaken causing the delay in its growth. Some of the symptoms that can be observed are the wrinkled and yellowish leaves due to the feeding of the aphids. Some species of aphids cause galls on stems and roots. They can also cause some diseases.
The very common scale insects in trees and shrubs are difficult to control due to their characteristic of remaining immobile for a long time. The infected plant is shown covered with a kind of wax and they feed on the juices of the plant. These insects cause water stress, which causes the leaves to turn yellowish and fall to the ground.
El Hypecoum procumbens It can also be attacked by various types of mites that are usually found in gardens and around houses. They are insects related to spiders and ticks. Mites damage plants by sucking the cellular contents of leaf tissue.