Paulownia imperial (Paulownia elongata)

tree with large green leaves

Purple Paulonia imperial flowers decorate and beautify parks and gardens. This tree tends to thrive in a variety of settings, although it has a lot of hardiness in shady settings.

In general and being an ornamental tree, it is very striking, without detracting from its useful aspect, which is the most remarkable thing about it.

Features

lilac flowers of the Paulownia elongata tree

From this tree a very particular wood is obtained that is used for the furniture industry, really of very good quality. Similarly Its large leaves are used energetically for the benefit of the earth.

It is an ornamental tree and its cultivation and commercialization has decorative purposes, all this thanks to its aesthetic attributes.

It also allows C02 to be captured, which is vital for the life of the planet and is used as a forest tree in countries such as China and the United States.  In the first year of growth, it usually reaches four meters and even more.

In the commercial field,  Paulownia elongata It is planted from clones that are characterized by being very select. This procedure is carried out through a procedure to cultivate the plant and make it grow quickly and efficiently.

This makes it favorable for marketing.

This species has been in China for approximately 2600 years, so it can be considered millennial. Legend has it that the inhabitants of ancient China used this tree to cure diseases, as well as its wood for making musical instruments.

As a curiosity we can say that King Yui had a coffin made with the wood of this tree. Likewise, the writings of Zhuang Tze (400 BC) mention that people used it as a good luck device.

Uses of paulownia elongata

Considering its good quality wood, which is called  kiri wood, is used for many uses and purposes, ranging from furniture manufacturing to veneer and trim.

This makes this tree become commercially profitable business projects. A company of Australian origin began scientific studies on it, concentrating its efforts on its characteristics and use in improving the environment.

Farming

This tree has a great capacity to develop in eroded soils, as long as it is supported with organic compost and an irrigation system.

There are studies that consider that the tree is not suitable for arid areas, but from an economic point of view this species develops an optimal use of the available resources and its growth capacity is the highest in the plant kingdom.

It is resistant to temperatures between -10 to 55 ° C, but its ideal temperature is 32 ° C. Studies on this matter indicate that winter contributes to accentuate the color and texture of the wood.

It offers the possibility of adding compost and also fertilizers. The same way facilitates pruning and the respective sanitary control.

Pests

flowering tree called Paulonia imperial

As for the pests that can cause diseases to the tree, it is significant to note that it is considered very resistant. Nevertheless, precautions are recommended working only with certified micro propagation clones.

Due to the nature of the leaves, being large and nutritious, these can be attacked by various pests, even though it has already been mentioned that the tree is very strong.

Preparation of the land

In a first phase it is necessary to analyze the characteristics and benefits of the land. So that rainfall assessment is important as well as weather conditions and water sources.

The right soils for planting Paulownia They are those with a sandy texture. Nevertheless, this tree can develop in a type of soil other than sandy, only the necessary adjustments should be taken into account.

If the case of unsuitable soils occurs, it is recommended that with a texture greater than 20% clay, organic matter be added in large quantities. On the other hand, it is convenient to consider the idea of make a subsoil based on fine gravel and compost, among others, since this favors the conditions of the land.


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