Macedonian Knautia: do you know the widow's flower?

Macedonian Knautia: do you know the widow's flower?

La Macedonian knautia It is an easy-to-grow plant that stands out for its striking flowers, which are present from summer to autumn. If you incorporate it into your garden, or plant it in pots on your balcony, you will add a touch of vitality and color to your home that will be irresistible.

Would you like to know it in more detail? So, keep reading, because we are going to help you identify it and detail the care you should give it if you want all of its beauty to shine.

What are the characteristics of the Macedonian knautia

What are the characteristics of the Macedonian knautia

This is a perennial herbaceous plant that is part of the Caprilofiaceae family. Its origin is found in Eastern and Central Europe, Being a typical plant of the Balkans, including North Macedonia, hence its name.

In its natural habitat it grows in meadows, grasslands, forest edges and clearings. Areas where you can find well-drained and fertile soils. Nevertheless, It is capable of adapting to different soil conditions, from dry to moderately humid.

She is known by the nickname “widow's flower” because different local legends from Eastern Europe associated it with widows, although today it is not very clear why.

Among the physical characteristics of this plant we can highlight the following:

  • Height. Despite being a herbaceous plant, it does not reach great heights. The usual thing is that it measures between 60 and 90 centimeters. Only in very optimal conditions can it grow over a meter in length.
  • Stem. This plant is distinguished by having erect, thin and branched stems at the top. The lower part becomes woody over time to support the flowers and fruits.
  • Leaves. They are arranged opposite the stem along it. They stand out for having a lanceolate or oval shape, with slightly serrated or serrated edges and a dark green color.
  • Flowers. The flowers are the most distinctive feature of the Macedonian knautia. They appear in the shape of a globe, are small and grouped together. They can be dark eye color, purple, pink or white, depending on the variety we are observing.
  • Fruits. After flowering, this knautia produces fruits that are full of seeds that we can use to reproduce it.

The Macedonian knautia is a scabious. Therefore, it stands out for having thin stems that are not too long, with flowers that form a hemispherical head and give rise to abundant seeds.

Care of the Macedonian knautia

Care of the Macedonian knautia

There is no doubt that we are in the presence of a spectacular plant. If you want it to show off all its beauty in your garden, these are the care you have to provide:

Location

Although it is a plant that adapts well to different soil conditions and locations, grows best when it receives plenty of light and is exposed to a temperate temperature.

  • Light. It grows best and blooms more if it is in full sun, receiving several hours of direct sunlight each day. It also tolerates some partial shade, but in these conditions its flowering will be less intense.
  • Temperature. The ideal temperature for this plant ranges between 8º and 25º C. Hence, it blooms in spring and summer. However, it is sensitive to extreme temperatures, whether high or low.

Substratum

This variety does not tolerate humidity well, and an excess of it could affect its roots. Although it adapts well to different types of soil, the most suitable for it is a soil with good drainage capacity, capable of evacuating excess water after irrigation.

It also appreciates being in soils rich in organic matter. If you use a universal substrate, it is advisable that you enrich it before planting the Macedonian knautia.

Keep in mind that it is a plant that has a hard time establishing itself, so it needs to have a good amount of nutrients at its disposal during the first year after transplanting.

Irrigation

It must be just enough and necessary so that the plant has moisture but the roots do not become waterlogged.

It is advisable in these cases to add water periodically, as the top layer of the substrate dries. In winter it could be worth water it once a week or every ten days (depending on the climate in your area), but in summer it will have to be done two to three times a week.

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Although a little fertilizer is not going to hurt this plant, you have to act with caution so as not to end up providing excessive fertilizer.

Apply fertilizer during the growing season. choosing a slow release variety, and following the manufacturer's instructions to the letter so as not to damage the plant.

Propagation and multiplication

As we said before, the fruit of this plant contains a large number of seeds. If you decide to germinate them, plant them in a pot with quality substrate that is moist, and place the container in a sheltered location where it receives plenty of natural light.

Another alternative is to divide the mother plant into several bushes. Cutting from the root to create several sections that you will later replant in other pots. If you choose this option, do it during the spring, not any other time of year.

Rusticity

This is what the Macedonian knautia looks like

Excess heat can burn this plant, even though it is quite resistant. Therefore, if you live in an area with summers of extreme temperatures, Make sure it receives some shade during the central hours of the day in the summer season.

And the same in winter. This variety can handle a light frost, but an extreme frost can kill it. So that this does not happen, change the pot location in winter, or cover the plant.

Plagues and diseases

Excess moisture in the roots can cause the appearance of different varieties of fungi that will disfigure the plant, and could even cause its death. If you don't want this to happen, Water sparingly and leave enough space between plants for air to circulate well.

As far as pests are concerned, the most common in this case is aphids. Check both the flowers and leaves on both sides to detect these insects. If its presence is excessive, Apply treatment as soon as possible.

The Macedonian knautia is a flower that surprises with its beauty and its resistance. If you provide it with basic care, it will be with you for a long time.


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