Murraya paniculata, a small ornamental tree that will surprise you

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La murraya paniculata It is a small tree that is usually used for ornamental purposes, and which is also known by the names of orange jasmine, myrtle, jasmine orange tree or murta. So you can imagine that it is a variety whose flowers have a delicious aroma.

If you want to learn more about this plant and the care it needs, continue reading to answer all your questions.

Origin and natural habitat of the murraya paniculata

What care does the murraya paniculata need?

This variety is native to Southeast Asia, where it grows wild in regions ranging from India to southern China and Malaysia. Although it also grows naturally in tropical areas and subtropical regions of Oceania and Australia.

Its growth usually occurs in areas with well-drained soils rich in organic matter. Although it shows a good capacity for adaptation, it does not usually thrive in soils that are very heavy or have poor drainage, because Its roots are sensitive to humidity and can rot.

It is a plant highly valued for the fragrance of its flowers, for their delicate beauty, and also for its attractive foliage, hence its common use in gardening and landscaping.

How to identify a murraya paniculata?

How to identify a murraya paniculata?

These are the physical characteristics that let us know that we are in the presence of an orange jasmine and not another similar variety:

  • Size and shape This plant can reach a height of between three and seven meters when grown as an ornamental. In its natural habitat it can measure up to 10 meters in height. As it grows, it develops a dense and rounded crown.
  • Leaves. This species has compound, evergreen, dark green leaves. With oval or elliptical leaflets that measure between two and seven centimeters long and between one and two centimeters wide.
  • Flowers. The murraya paniculata produces white flowers with five petals, very similar to jasmine flowers, which also have a sweet and very pleasant aroma. They normally appear in terminal or axial panicles containing several flowers.
  • Fruits. Behind the flowers appear berry-shaped fruits that change from green to orange or red as they mature. They are small fruits that contain one or two seeds.
  • Trunk and bark. The trunk of this plant is thin and branched from the base. For its part, the bark is grayish and smooth in the youngest specimens, and becomes slightly rough as time passes.

What care does the murraya paniculata need?

What care does the murraya paniculata need?

This is a plant that is relatively easy to care for because it has a good capacity for adaptation. However, if we create an environment similar to its natural habitat for it, we will achieve that develops in the best possible way.

location and light

We should place the plant in a place where it receives many hours of sun each day. It's okay to get partial shade, especially if you're in a very hot climate, but it's important to its leaves enjoy many hours of light.

If possible, choose a place for it where it is protected from strong wind, because this can damage its branches and leaves.

Substratum

The murraya paniculata can adapt well to different types of soils, but it develops best in those with a slightly acidic or neutral pH (between 6 and 7). Furthermore, it is advisable to use a substrate that It has good drainage capacity and is rich in organic matter.

You can use a universal substrate, but you will have to prepare it so that it gives this plant what it needs. Add a little sand or perlite to improve drainage and a little compost or humus for more nutrients.

Irrigation

This variety needs its soil to always be moist, but not waterlogged. During the regular growth phase, which occurs between spring and summer, Water as soon as you notice that the top layer of the substrate is dry.

In winter you can space out watering a little more, but It is not advisable to subject the murraya paniculata to long periods of drought. Also, keep in mind that during the adaptation period it may require a little more water.

Fertilization

For this plant you can use fertilizers for flowering plants. Simply add a little every four to six weeks during spring and summer.

Do not fertilize in winter, as this It could stimulate new growth that could be damaged by the cold.

Pruning the murraya paniculata

The best time to prune is in late winter and early spring, just before new growth begins.

In this variety you can do light pruning to give it shape and promote more compact and dense growth. It is also possible to perform maintenance pruning to remove dead or damaged branches.

If you remove flowers that are already wilted, you stimulate the appearance of new blooms.

Propagation

As we said before, after flowering, berries containing seeds appear. You can reproduce your orange jasmine by planting fresh seeds during the spring, but it is a fairly slow method, because the plant will take time to appear.

The fastest way to reproduce is using cuttings from partially lignified stems, that is, semi-woody or semi-mature. Cut them during the summer or early fall and put them in a mixture of peat and wet sand in a warm place. When you see that the plant has already rooted, move it to a pot.

Temperature and humidity

This variety grows best in areas with warm climates and is very sensitive to cold. If there is frost in your area, during the winter you will have to move the pot to a more sheltered place or take care to cover the plant.

As far as humidity is concerned, it prefers moderate to high humidity. If you are in a warmer area, You can provide it by misting water.

Plagues and diseases

This plant is sensitive to aphids, scale insects and mites, so you should periodically check its leaves to control the presence of these insects.

It is also sensitive to fungal diseases, Therefore, it is advisable to ensure good drainage and not subject the plant to very humid conditions.

What do you think of murraya paniculata? Did you know this beautiful plant with flowers that fill any garden with a delicious aroma?


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