Terminalia amazonia or yellow cortés

Origin and natural habitat of the terminalia amazonia

El terminalia amazon, also known as yellow cortés, is a large tree highly appreciated for the good quality of its wood. In fact, it is one of the species most used in the reforestation of forests in places where it grows wild to find the best possible habitat for it.

It is time to learn something more about this curious tree, so pay attention to everything we are going to tell you about it.

Origin and natural habitat of the terminalia amazonia

Origin and natural habitat of the terminalia amazonia

This tree belongs to the Combretaceae family, which includes about 600 different species between trees, shrubs and lianas. Mainly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions.

In the specific case of the yellow cortés, its place of origin is the Amazon region of South America, more specifically countries such as Brazil, Peru, Colombia and Venezuela, but it is also very common in Mexico. It is common to see it in humid tropical forests, where you can find the well-drained and nutrient-rich soils that you require for optimal development.

This tree is also known by other names such as coral oak, canux, orange tree, flying tree, royal yellow and puddle guava. In Mexico it is common to hear it called tepesuchil or sombrerete, while in Belize it is known as nargusta and in Venezuela as olive.

Physical characteristics that help identify the terminalia amazonia

Physical characteristics that help identify the terminalia amazonia

Here are some of the main traits that help identify this type of tree:


This is a tree that can reach a considerable height. Although the majority of specimens remain between 30 and 45 meters, some have been dated to exceed 70. To support the weight of the tree, The trunk can reach a diameter of one to three meters.

As for the crown, it is common for it to be wide and rounded, with branches that extend horizontally from the main trunk and rise upward at a slight angle as the tree gains length. What you It gives a majestic appearance and provides the animals that live in the environment with a good amount of shade to protect themselves from the heat.


As we said, the trunk can reach a great thickness to support the weight of the branches and foliage. It is characterized by having a smooth grayish bark, and Over time it develops a distinctive and rough pattern.


The type of leaves of this tree is characterized by having a lanceolate shape. That is, elongated and narrow, with sharp tips, about 15 centimeters in length.

Its color is bright green and has a leathery texture. (reminiscent of leather), which makes them especially resistant and durable.

The leaves appear alternately along the branches, something that facilitates the uniform distribution of sunlight, which is especially important in a large tree like this. Since otherwise the leaves on the lower branches would barely receive any light.


The flowering time of terminalia amazonia may vary depending on its location, but it usually coincides with the beginning of the rainy season in tropical regions.

The flowers of this tree are not too showy. They are small in size and are grouped in terminal clusters. They are white or pale yellow in color, and give off a soft and pleasant aroma that serves to attract pollinators.


After the flowers, fruits appear, which, in this case, have a woody appearance. The brown capsules are small in size compared to the rest of the tree, and They can remain there for several months.

Inside each fruit there are thousands of small seeds that are dispersed through the air, thus helping this variety to spread even further within its natural habitat.

The importance of terminalia amazonia wood

The importance of terminalia amazonia wood

In places where these trees grow, it is common to use them for commercial purposes, since their wood has a high value.

The wood of the Cortés Amarillo has a warm yellow color that can range from pale tones to more intense golden tones, hence its nickname for Terminalia Amazonia. Precisely because of this color, The wood from this tree already has a higher market value than others, because it's different.

In addition, it is a very dense and durable wood, which is why it resists well both deformation and rot and attacks by fungi and insects. Precisely for this reason, It is a material very suitable for both interior and exterior applications.

It has a straight grain and a fine to medium texture, which allows it to be worked with both manual and mechanical tools. Giving rise to smooth and uniform surfaces suitable for carpentry and joinery projects.

Another of its strong points is that it is dimensionally stable, this means that it hardly experiences contraction or expansion changes related to humidity or temperature. What makes it ideal for your use in furniture and coatings which must be resistant to deformation.

In short, the wood of the terminalia amazonia is highly appreciated in the market for its conditions of:

  • Esthetic. Its yellow color and soft texture make it a good option for carpentry and interior design projects.
  • Durability. It has good resistance to cold and humidity and rarely deforms. This makes it a good choice for outdoor application. For example, to build terraces, make facade cladding or garden furniture.
  • Versatility. It is a wood that can be used in the manufacture of many different wooden elements, from furniture to floors, to boats.

In addition to its uses in carpentry and construction, this tree is highly appreciated in its place of origin because the indigenous communities of the Amazon region use its bark and leaves for medicinal purposes. On the other hand, This species has great cultural importance, and is part of traditional ceremonies and rituals.

The terminalia amazonia is, therefore, a highly valued species at different levels. Whose presence in tropical and subtropical areas plays a fundamental role in the economic development of these areas and in the sustainability of ecosystems.

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