Eucalyptus trees have a very bad reputation in some countries, such as Spain, where they have been used as reforestation trees for years with catastrophic results. But I am one of those who think that it is a mistake, and also a very serious one, to demonize a plant for the use (in this case, misuse) that it has been given in the past. Why? Because you can really enjoy any plant if you spend some time getting to know its characteristics and basic needs.
And that's why we want to show you the most popular types of eucalyptus, the best known, so you can see that they really are plants that, well used, can greatly embellish the gardens where they are planted.
Table of Contents
It is known as red eucalyptus, and is a tree native to Australia. Reaches 20 meters in height, although on rare occasions it exceeds 50 meters. It is a plant that provides very good shade, but care must be taken, as its bark is brittle, which is why the branches sometimes detach. Along with E. globulus, it was one of the species most used in Spain for reforestation and for harvesting its wood during the XNUMXth century, with disastrous consequences for the native flora and fauna.
Known as medicinal eucalyptus, is a tree native to Australia that reaches a height of 15 meters. Its leaves are bluish, pink or blue-gray, and are lance-shaped. It is an evergreen tree that looks great if planted in tropical and temperate gardens, as it resists frost down to -13ºC.
It is known as aromatic eucalyptus or lemon-scented rubber tree since its leaves give off an aroma similar to that of lemon. He is originally from Australia, specifically from Queensland, and can reach a height of 40 meters or more. Its bark is white with bluish tones, and the foliage is green. Once established, it can withstand drought for short periods of time. It resists frost down to -6ºC.
It is one of the most beautiful. He is known by the name of rainbow eucalyptus since its bark is multicolored. It grows to a height of approximately 50 meters, although it reaches 75 meters in its habitat. Unlike the vast majority of eucalyptus, we will find this species in Papua New Guinea, and not in Australia. But it is also one of the most sensitive to cold; in fact, if the temperature drops below 10ºC it will need protection.
This is the common eucalyptus, also called white eucalyptus or blue eucalyptus. It is originally from Australia and Tasmania, and reaches an average height of about 30 meters, although specimens of up to 80 meters have been found. In Spain we have one that is 61 meters high in Lugo, specifically in Viveiro. In fact, it is one of the types of eucalyptus that has been planted the most in our country, either to reforest or to take advantage of the wood. It resists cold up to -5ºC.
El Gunn's Eucalyptus, also known as cider eucalyptus or Gunnii, is a tree endemic to Tasmania that reaches a height of between 10 and 25 meters, making it one of the smallest species. The leaves are bluish green, and as a curiosity you should know that they can be used as food for livestock.
Known as bright eucalyptus, is a tree native to Australia, where grows to a height of 60 meters. The bark is gray to grayish brown, and the leaves are glaucous. It is one of the most important trees in the country's own forests. It resists frost down to -10ºC.
El Eucalyptus polyanthemos It is a fast-growing tree native to Australia. grows up to 24 meters tall. Its leaves are grayish-green, and can be rounded or elongated. It is a fast-growing tree that resists cold and frost down to -7ºC.
Known by the name of narrow-leaved mint, it is a tree native to Australia that reaches a height of 30 to 50 meters. Its leaves are green and lanceolate when the plant is mature, and the bark is green to brownish green. It tolerates cold and frost very well, being able to resist temperatures down to -12ºC.
Last on the list is the giant eucalyptus or giant rubber tree. It grows in Australia and Tasmania, and grows up to 90 meters high. The bark is grayish, and its leaves are green to grayish-green. It is a tree that grows very fast, as it is very adaptable and resists frost down to -12ºC.
Which of these types of eucalyptus did you like the most?