Classification and characteristics of the types of flowers that exist

decorative and showy flowers

On our planet there are millions of types of plants and flowers. Normally, the most beautiful flowers are those chosen to decorate gardens, interiors, public spaces and buildings. However, do you know how many different types of flowers are there and how are they classified?

If you want to know the types of flowers that there are, this is your post

Classification of flower types

types of flowers that exist

You have to know that there are two types of plants. On the one hand, being more primitive, there are gymnosperms. These plants do not produce flowers at any stage of their life. On the other hand, being the group that we are going to see in depth, there are the angiosperms. These plants bloom when they reach their adult stage. The flowers are used as a means of pollination and reproduction. Because insects and other animals drink nectar from one flower and go to another, they are able to fertilize the plant and reproduce to expand its range.

Within the angiosperms there are two types of flowers that are very easily recognizable to the naked eye. First of all, we meet monocots. These plants have only one cotyledon and their flowers usually have petals in a multiple of three. Second, we have dicots. These plants, as the name suggests, have two cotyledons and the flowers have petals in a multiple number of four or five.

There are also other ways to classify flowers, especially for plants that are annuals. We find perennials, biennials and ephemeral plants. Each one corresponds to the time in which they remain in bloom. Some gardeners classify plants depending on their type of reproduction. If it is sexual or asexual.

It should be mentioned that it is important that, when trying to classify a monocotyledonous or dicotyledonous plant, it is taken into account that many petals can be attached to each other or the leaves to some parts of the plant and their differentiation becomes confusing. However, classifying flowers in this way is very basic. It takes something more complex to differentiate them well.

Angiosperm characteristics

angiosperm plants

Inside the angiosperms there are about 250.000 to 400.000 different types of flowers. These are divided into monocots and dicots. A cotyledon is the seed capsule where it develops. It contains the food necessary for the embryos to grow and develop. When the seed grows it will send one or two cotyledons (depending on what type of flower it is) to the leaves.

Monocots make up a quarter of all angiosperms in the world. For example, roses are dicotyledonous flowers. To differentiate between one and the other we can see that monocots have the veins of the leaves parallel and start at the base of the leaf, ending at the tip without any branching. For example, lilies.

On the other hand, the veins of dicots start from the bottom and they branch out into an orderly network over the entire surface of the sheet.

The easiest plant type to recognize is when it is growing. When they get to the earth's surface, you can see those with one leaf and those with two.

Monocots and dicots

difference between monocots and dicots

Monocots can have up to millions of individual fibrous roots without having a central taproot. The leaves are similar in that their veins do not branch from a central vein. The veins are running parallel to each other.

Some monocotyledonous flowers are: lilies, orchid, tulip, crocus, narcissus and bluebell. All these flowers meet the characteristics mentioned.

Dicotyledons have a main root from which more small roots emerge, branching out more and more. Its leaves, in the same way, have a central vein from which the rest of the veins branch out. The roots of these plants can cover a large area of ​​land to cover the nutritional needs in a correct way.

Among the dicotyledonous flowers we find: rose, daisy, nasturtium, begonia and portulaca.

Kinds of flowers

Desert plants with flowers

desert plants

Although you think otherwise, the desert is an ecosystem where many living beings inhabit. The plants that live there need to adapt to environments whose conditions are extreme. They must be able to collect and store water from the little rainfall that exists and have systems to prevent water loss. The plants in the desert look very different from those in the rest. This is because they have to adapt to situations.

But it does not mean that these plants, although they have a different morphology, do not flower. Among its characteristics we find:

  • Shrubby plants are capable of reduce water loss thanks to its waxy leaves and an aroma to prevent animals from feeding on it.
  • Cacti have small thorns on the surface of their leaves to prevent animals from eating them. They are able to store up to 800 liters of water.
  • Desert plants photosynthesize in the stem, which is green and contains chlorophyll
  • The roots are long enough to absorb as much water as possible.

Plants that have flowers in the desert are the cacti, saguaro cactus, desert agave and the desert rose.

More resistant flowering plants

resistant plants, petunias

These plants are the seasonal ones capable of adapting to the temperature and climate of certain areas. Plants that have a more robust flowering are able to tolerate low temperatures without dying, more heat or wind and they even survive floods.

Among these more resistant plants we have: corn, eggplant, pumpkin, tomato, petunias, misty love and other hanging flowering plants.

Among the hanging flowering plants we find those small evergreen shrubs that can be grown in hanging pots. Its flowers are used to plant in the patios and even on the fences. They are usually sown in April and early June. They are the moss rose, lantana, fuchsia, verbena, etc.

With this information you can learn more about the types of flowers and their complexity. Now is your time to choose which best flowers you want for yourself.


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  1.   Dayana said

    what is the name of the first flower

  2.   Monica said

    I want to find a type of flower that reminds me of my childhood. It is a stem full of flowers, its aroma is special and it resembles a covered stem of flowers, I have seen them white, pink, lilac.
    Thank you.