ʻO Fagus

ʻO ka beech kahi kumulāʻau nui loa

ka ʻO Fagus He mau lāʻau nui lākou me ke ola lōʻihi. ʻOiai he pae ulu ulu ko lākou, a lohi hoʻi i ka hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā moʻokūʻauhau ʻē aʻe, ʻo kā lākou nani ka mea e hoʻonani ai i nā māla mai ka wā ʻōpio loa.

Akā ʻokoʻa ka leʻaleʻa o ka maka o ka maka, ʻo ia hoʻi nā umbrellas kūlohelohe maikaʻi loa i ka wā o ke kauwela, ʻoiai he lahilahi kā lākou lau a hiki ke ākea kā lākou uhi. E hoʻomaopopo iā lākou.

Kumu a me nā ʻano

ʻO Fagus nā lāʻau deciduous

ʻO kā mākou mau protagonists he mau lāʻau deciduous e pili ana i ka genus Fagus, i hana ʻia he ʻumi mau lāhui ʻōiwi i nā wahi mahana o ʻAmelika, ʻAsia a me ʻEulopa. Kaukaʻi ʻia i kahi e ulu ai, loaʻa iā lākou kahi nui a i ʻole kekahi: pēlā, ʻoiai inā ulu lākou i kahi kaʻawale e mālama lākou i kahi ʻano cylindrical, inā ulu lākou i nā hui (e like me ka ulu lāʻau) lawe i ke kinona o kahi lāʻau kūpono, me kahi kumu ʻōlohelohe i nā lālā i kahi mamao (1-2 mau mika) mai ka honua.

Hoʻopiha a serrated paha nā lau, me ka nui o 5-15cm lōʻihi e 4-10cm ākea. He ʻōmaʻomaʻo a ʻulaʻula paha kēia, a huli melemele, ʻalani, a poni paha i ka hāʻule ma mua o ka hāʻule. ʻO nā pua, ʻike ʻia ʻo friz, unisexual a pedunculated, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka wahine a kū aʻe ma mua o ke kāne. ʻO ka hua, i kapa ʻia ʻo hayuco, 10-15mm ka lōʻihi a loaʻa i ʻelua mau hua pyramidal e ʻai pū kekahi., keu hoʻi ma hope o ka toasting.

ʻAno nui

He ʻumi mauʻano, akā ʻo ka mea i makemake nui ʻia he ʻelua wale nō (ʻo ka ʻelua mua). Eia nō naʻe, makemake mākou e hōʻike hou aku iā ʻoe i ʻike ʻoe iā lākou:

ʻO Fagus sylvatica

ʻIke o ka Fagus sylvatica

Kiʻi - Wikimedia / Gunnar Creutz

ʻIke ʻia e like me ka beech maʻamau, he ʻōiwi ia no ʻEulopa, ʻoiai e loaʻa ana ma Sepania (ke kūkulu ʻākau o ka peninsula). Hiki i kahi kiʻekiʻe o 35 a 40 mau mika, me kahi kumu pololei me ka ʻili laumania a me ka lei oval. Eia he ʻike hou aʻe kāu.

Palehua crenata

ʻIke o ka Fagus crenata

Kiʻi - Wikimedia / Alpsdake

ʻIke ʻia he beech Kepani a i ʻole buna, he kumulāʻau hopena ia i Iapana, ʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻano nui o kona mau ululāʻau ulu. Hiki i kahi kiʻekiʻe o 35 mika, me kahi kīʻaha poepoe.

fagus orientalis

ʻIke o kahi Fagus orientalis ʻōpio

Kiʻi - Wikimedia / Daderot

Ua ʻike ʻia ma ka inoa ʻo Beech Hikina a i ʻole ʻo Asia Minor Beech, he kumulāʻau ʻōiwi ia mai ke komohana ʻākau o Turkey hikina a i Caucasus a me nā mauna ʻo Elburz Hiki i kahi kiʻekiʻe o 45 mau mika, me ka mānoanoa o ke kumu o ka i 3m.

Hoʻohui pinepine ʻia me ka ʻO Fagus sylvatica, alakai i Fagus x taurica.

Manuahi Mekiko

ʻIke o ka Fagus Mekiko

Kiʻi - Facebook / @ FagusGrandifoliaSubspMexicana

ʻIke ʻia ma ke ʻano he beech a i ʻole beech, he ʻano laha ia o ka hikina hikina o Mexico. Hiki i kahi kiʻekiʻe o 25 a 40 mau mika me ke anawaena kumu o a i 2 mika. Manaʻo ʻia i kekahi manawa he ʻano, kona inoa ʻO Fagus grandifolia var. Mekiko.

ʻO Fagus grandifolia

ʻIke o ka Fagus grandifolia

Kiʻi - stlawrencelowlands.wordpress.com

ʻIke ʻia ʻo ka beech ʻAmelika, he ʻano ʻōiwi ia o ʻAmelika Hikina ʻĀkau. Hiki i kahi kiʻekiʻe o 20 a 35 mau mika, me kahi ʻāhinahina hina hina.

He aha kā lākou mālama?

Inā makemake ʻoe e loaʻa kahi laʻana o ka beech, paipai mākou e mālama iā ia penei:

aniau

No laila ʻaʻohe pilikia, he mea nui ke ʻano o ke aniau; ʻo ia hoʻi, ua hoʻokaʻawale maikaʻi ʻia nā kau ʻehā a i ka hoʻoilo hāʻule ka mercury o ka thermometer ma lalo o ka ʻole. I nā wahi ʻē aʻe, e like me ke Kaiwaenahonua e laʻa, hiki iā lākou ke noho maikaʻi ke ulu lākou i nā wahi mauna.

Kahi

Siempre ma nā ʻāina ʻē, i ka aka-hapa.

Honua

ʻO nā kumulāʻau, a me ka hoʻohui i ka nui, pono a kanu ʻia paha i ka lepo. Ka honua Pono ia he waikawa liʻiliʻi, waiwai i nā meaola a me ka hiki i ka wai omo maikaʻi.

ʻOiai he ʻōpio ia, hiki ke kāpī ʻia me kahi substrate no nā mea kanu acidic, a i ʻole me ke one pele (akadama, pomx a i ʻole nā ​​mea like). E hoʻohana i ka hope inā ʻoe e noho i nā wahi me nā kauwela wela loa (ke ana wela ma mua o 30ºC).

Kukui

ʻAʻole kākoʻo ia i ka maloʻo, akā ʻaʻole nō hoʻi i ka waterlogging. Pono ʻoe e hoʻoinu i ka awelika o 4 manawa i ka pule i ke kau wela a me ka awelika o 2 manawa i ka pule i ke koena o ka makahiki.

Ke hiki, e hoʻohana i ka ua ua; i ʻole e hoʻohana i ka wai-lime ʻole. Inā hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻowī wale me ka wai kōwī a he calcareous ia, dilute i ka wai o ka hapalua o ka lemona i 1l / wai a i kahi puna liʻiliʻi o ka vīnega i 5l / wai. No ka nānā ʻana ua iho ka pH i ka 4 a i ka 6, e hoʻohana i nā kaha o ka pH a lākou e kūʻai aku ai ʻaneʻi aiʻole i nā hale kūʻai lāʻau.

Nā mea kūʻai aku

ʻO ka compost, kūpono no Fagus

Mai ka wanaʻao a hiki i ke kauwela kau me nā meaola meaola, e like me ka compost, mulch, cast worm, hamo hipa a kao paha, etc. E hohola i kahi papa ma kahi o 4-5cm ka mānoanoa ma luna o ka pahu, a kāwili ʻia i ka papa o ka lepo.

Inā loaʻa iā ʻoe kou beech i loko o ka ipuhao, e hoʻohana i nā mea momona wai, e like me keia no nā mea kanu ʻakika ma hope o nā hōʻailona i hōʻike ʻia ma ka pūʻolo.

Hoʻonui

Hoʻonui ia no nā hua i ka hoʻoilo (pono lākou e anuanu ma mua o ka germ germ). Inā ʻoe ma kahi e hoʻopaʻa inoa ai nā hau i kēlā me kēia makahiki, pono ʻoe e kanu wale iā lākou i loko o nā ipuhao a i ʻole nā ​​pā huakaʻi me ka substrate a e waiho i ka kūlohelohe i kāna papa.

Inā ʻole, pono ʻoe e stratify iā lākou i loko o ka pahu hau no ʻekolu mau mahina i kahi tupper me vermikulite (e loaʻa ʻaneʻi), a laila lūlū iā lākou i kahi lūlū hua.

ʻOkiʻoki

ʻAʻole pono ia. E ʻoki paha i nā lālā maloʻo, maʻi, nāwaliwali, a haki paha i ka hopena o ka hoʻoilo. Inā ʻoe e ʻike i kahi lālā e ulu lōʻihi nei, a hiki i kahi e hoʻomaka nei ke ʻano iki, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻokiʻoki iā ia.

ʻO Rustility

Kū ʻē aʻe a -18ºC, akā koi aku au, i nā anilā wela ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke ola. I ka mea liʻiliʻi loa, pono nā frost nāwaliwali i hiki ke kū i ka hoʻoilo a hoʻomaka hou i ka ulu ikaika i ka puna.

ʻO kāna pae mahana kūpono ma waena o 30ºC maximum a me -18ºC palena iki.

He aha nā hoʻohana i hāʻawi ʻia iā Fagus?

Nā hiʻohiʻona o Fagus sylvatica 'Atropurpurea'

Hoʻohui hiʻona

He mau kumulāʻau hoʻonaninani loa lākou, kūpono e loaʻa ma ke ʻano he mea kaʻawale i nā māla nui. Eia kekahi, hoʻohana ʻia lākou i bonsai.

ʻAi ʻia

ʻAi ʻia nā ʻanoʻano Beech a hiki ke ʻai maka ʻia a hou ʻia paha. Hoʻomanaʻo kona ʻono i nā hazelnuts.

Madera

He kaumaha a kūpaʻa kāna wahie, ʻo ia ke kumu e hoʻohana ʻia ai i ke kamana no ka hana ʻana i nā lako a me nā pono hana.

He aha kou manaʻo no ka Fagus?


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.