He aha ke koʻikoʻi o nā pua i ke ʻano?

He mea koʻikoʻi nā pua ma ke ʻano

E ʻae mākou a pau he nani koʻikoʻi nā pua. No kēia kumu, kaulana loa lākou no ka hoʻonani ʻana i nā hale, nā māla, nā alanui a me nā paka. ʻOi aku ka makemake o kekahi ma mua o nā mea ʻē aʻe, akā ʻoi aku ko lākou koʻikoʻi ma mua o ka aesthetics. E wehewehe mākou i kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo ma ke kamaʻilio ʻana ma kēia ʻatikala e pili ana i ke koʻikoʻi o nā pua i ke ʻano.

I maopopo loa iā mākou, wehewehe pū mākou he aha nā pua, he aha nā ʻano like ʻole a he aha kā lākou mau hana a me ko lākou koʻikoʻi i ke ʻano.

He aha nā pua i ke ʻano?

ʻO nā pua ma ke ʻano maoli ke ʻano hānau o nā mea kanu

Ma mua o ka kamaʻilio ʻana e pili ana i ke koʻikoʻi o nā pua i ke ʻano, pono mākou e hoʻomaopopo mua i ke ʻano o ia mau pua. ʻO ke kumu he hale nona ka pahuhopu nui o ka hana hou ʻana i kona ʻano. He nani loa ko lākou, waihoʻoluʻu a me ke ʻano hiʻohiʻona, kahi e hoʻonani ai i nā mea kanu pua. Ua hana ʻo Nature i kēia ʻano ma ke kumu, no ka mea, ʻaʻole wale mākou i ka hoihoi nui ʻana i nā pua, akā, ʻo ka nui o nā iniseti a me nā manu e kōkua i ka hoʻolaha ʻana i ka pollen a me nā ʻanoʻano pua, pēlā e makemake ai i ka hana hou ʻana o nā mea kanu.

E hoʻomaopopo ʻia ia ʻokoʻa nā ʻāpana o nā pua, ma muli o ke kāne nona lākou (kāne, wahine a hermaphrodite). ʻO kēia nā mea nui loa:

  • Sepals: He lau ia nona ka hana o ka uhi a pale i ka pua i kona wa opiopio loa. I ka wā e pua ai, noho nā sepal ma lalo.
  • Petala: Hiki iā lākou ke ʻano like ʻole a me nā kala. ʻO kāna hana ka huki ʻana i nā pollinators, e like me nā pi. Eia nō naʻe, aia kekahi mau pua ʻaʻohe petals. Kapa ʻia kēia mau mea apétalas.
  • Gynoecium a i ʻole pistil: ʻO ia ka ʻāpana wahine o ka pua. Aia ia i nā ovule e hoʻohua i nā hua ma hope o ka hoʻomoʻa ʻia ʻana. He ʻōmole ke ʻano o ka pistil a ʻekolu ʻāpana. ʻO ka luna ka stigma, kahi e komo ai ka pollen. ʻO ka bottleneck ke ʻano a laila hele mai ka ovary, kahi e loaʻa ai nā ovule.
  • Stamens: ʻO nā stamens ka ʻāpana kāne o ka pua. He mau filament ia e kākoʻo ana i ka mea i kapa ʻia he anther, ʻo ia ka mea kuleana no ka hana ʻana a me ka mālama ʻana i nā hua pollen. ʻO kēia mau pimples nā gametes male kāne.

He aha nā ʻano pua ma ke ʻano?

I ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā ʻano pua like ʻole i ke ʻano, he mea nui e hoʻomaopopo i ka hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā mea kanu i ʻelua hui nui: Angiosperms a me Gymnosperms. Hōʻike nui ʻia nā mea hope i ka hana ʻole ʻana i nā pua. ʻOi aku ka maʻamau ma mua o ka mua a hoʻopuka pinepine ʻia e nā spores. ʻO kahi laʻana maikaʻi no kēia ʻano mea kanu ferns.

Pua
ʻAtikala pili:
Nā Angiosperms a me nā gymnosperms

Akā, nā mea kanu i ʻāpana o nā angiosperms hana lākou i nā pua. ʻOiaʻiʻo, nui nā ʻano like ʻole o lākou: Ma waena o 250 a 400 mau pua like ʻole. Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia kēia pūʻulu mea kanu nui i ʻelua mau pūʻulu:

  • Nā mea kanu monocotyledonous: E like me ka hōʻike ʻana o kona inoa, hoʻokahi wale nō cotyledon, ʻo ia ka lau mua i hānau ʻia ma hope o ka germination o ka hua. I loko o kēia ʻano mea kanu, loaʻa i nā lau nā veins e holo like ana me lākou, me ka ʻole o ka hoʻomaka ʻana mai ka vein waena like. He ʻano like nā aʻa o nā mea kanu monocotyledonous, no ka mea, ʻaʻole lākou e hoʻomaka mai kahi kumu nui a hoʻomohala i loko o nā fibers nui. Eia kekahi mau laʻana: Lilies, daffodils, nā tulip a me nā orchids.
  • Nā mea kanu Dicot: Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ʻelua cotyledons nā mea kanu dicot. ʻO nā lau o kēia mau mea he ʻaʻa waena kahi e hoʻomaka ai nā mea ʻē aʻe ma ke ʻano lālā a uhi i ka lau holoʻokoʻa. He like loa ke ʻano o nā aʻa, ʻoiai e hoʻomaka ana nā mea liʻiliʻi mai kahi kumu nui, e lālā ana a hiki i ka uhi ʻana i ka lepo. Ma waena o nā mea kanu dicotyledonous he daisies, roses a begonias, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe.

Aia kekahi ala ʻē aʻe e hoʻokaʻawale i nā ʻano pua like ʻole: Nā pua piha a me nā pua piha ʻole. ʻO ka mua he hermaphrodites a loaʻa nā mea nui a pau, e like me nā rosa. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ʻo nā pua piha ʻole o ka wahine hoʻokahi, no ka mea ʻaʻohe o lākou mau mea āpau, akā nā stamens a i ʻole pistils wale nō. ʻO kekahi mau laʻana, he pua lā a me daisies.

Pehea ka nui o nā pua i ke ʻano?

Hoʻokō nā pua ma ke ʻano i nā hana like ʻole

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, ʻo nā pua nā hale hānau o nā mea kanu. No laila, ʻike ʻia kona koʻikoʻi ma ke ʻano o ka hoʻonui ʻana o kēia ʻano mea kanu. Eia naʻe, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kona pono, ʻoiai ʻaʻole pono e hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻia. Mahalo i ke kōkua hānau hānau, hiki i nā ʻano mea kanu ke hoʻomāhuahua a ʻaʻole i pau. No laila, hiki iā lākou ke hoʻomau i ka hāʻawi ʻana i kekahi mau lawelawe i hiki iā mākou a me nā holoholona a me nā mea ola ʻē aʻe ke hoʻohana, e like me ka meaʻai.

A no laila, hiki mai mākou i kahi e kū ai ke koʻikoʻi o nā pua i ke ʻano: ʻO ka meaʻai. He meaʻai kēia mau mea kanu no nā ʻano like ʻole a ma nā ʻano like ʻole. Ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, ʻai kekahi mau holoholona iā lākou holoʻokoʻa, e like me nā lapeti. Akā, aia kekahi mau mea ola e ʻai ana i ka nectar, e like me ka manu hummingbirds, nā peʻapeʻa, nā pi a me nā ʻano ʻōpeʻapeʻa, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Eia kekahi, ʻai pū mākou i nā pua. Ke lilo nei ia i mea maʻalahi e kuke me kāna mau petals a hana i nā infusions.

ʻO kekahi hiʻohiʻona koʻikoʻi nui a mākou e haʻi ai ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā pua i ka lāʻau lapaʻau. E like me kāu i ʻike mua ai, ua hana ʻia kekahi mau lāʻau me kēia mau mea kanu. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole pono lākou no ka mālama ʻana i nā pilikia olakino, akā no nā holoholona pū kekahi. Hiki i ka nui o lākou ke hoʻokaʻawale i nā ʻano pua like ʻole e like me nā hopena i hiki ke loaʻa i ko lākou kino. No laila, ʻai lākou i kekahi a i ʻole e like me nā pono i loaʻa iā lākou i kēlā manawa.

ʻO ka mea kānalua, ʻo nā pua nā mea hoʻonaninani nui e hauʻoli ai nā maka o kekahi. Eia nō naʻe, ʻo kāna mau hoʻohana, nā hana a me nā waiwai he mea nui i nā ʻano he nui o ke ola e like me kā mākou e ʻike nei i kēia lā.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.