Alcala de Henares Botanical Garden

Aia ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden ma ka Campus o ke Kulanui o Alcalá

Loaʻa pinepine nā kūlanakauhale nui i kahi māla huaʻai, ma ke kikowaena a i ʻole nā ​​​​wahi a puni. ʻAʻole e emi iki ʻo Madrid. He wahi hoihoi nui ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden no nā poʻe ʻoihana ma kēia ao a no nā mea aloha i nā mea kanu a me ke ʻano.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e wehewehe mākou he aha kēia pāka a he aha nā mea i loko. Eia kekahi, e hāʻawi mākou i kekahi mau ʻike kūpono e pili ana i nā kumukūʻai a me nā hola o ka Botanical Garden o Alcalá de Henares, inā makemake kekahi e kipa i kēia wahi nani.

He aha ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden?

He mau pā ʻokoʻa ko ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden

ʻIke ʻia ʻo ka Royal Botanical Garden Juan Carlos I, a i ʻole ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden, kēia paka ma ka Campus o ke Kulanui o Alcalá he hale i hana ʻia ma 1990. I kēia lā he ʻāpana ʻāina ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 mau ʻeka. . Pono e hoʻomaopopo i kēlā he lālā o ka ʻAhahui ʻIbero-Macaronesian o nā māla lāʻau a me ka BGCI (International Association of Botanic Gardens for Conservation).

Ma waho aʻe o ka loaʻa ʻana o nā hōʻiliʻili nani a me ka ʻepekema e pili ana i ka flora, kēia Māla Botanical Ua lilo ia i kumu hoʻonaʻauao kūpono a hoʻokolohua no nā kumu a me nā haumāna ma ke Kulanui o Alcalá. ʻIke loa, hiki i nā kula ʻē aʻe, nā kula a me nā poʻe āpau ke kipa aku iā ʻoe. Pono e hoʻomaopopo ʻia ʻo ka hana ʻana i kahi kaiapuni ola a piha i nā mea kanu Ua makemake ʻo ia i ka hilinaʻi a me ka hoʻokumu ʻana o nā holoholona like ʻole, e like me ka lapiti, hares, quail, alopeke, partridges a me na manu kuaaina.

E pili ana i ka hui ʻana o ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden, hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i kahi nā hui like ʻole:

  • World Flora: Māla ʻauhau
  • Iberian flora: Iberian arboretum
  • Nā mea ulu o ka ʻāina: ʻO ka mahiʻai kino, nā ʻāina wai, nā kaiāulu mea kanu a me nā kula ʻōnaehana
  • Nā hōʻiliʻili kūikawā: Cicadales, nā lāʻau exotic, conifers, māla rose, "orchidearium" a me cacti

E kūkākūkā mākou iā lākou ma lalo nei.

pua honua

ʻO ka mea mua loaʻa iā mākou ka hui flora honua, ʻo ia ka māla taxonomic. Aia ma kahi o 3000 mau hiʻohiʻona o kahi 1500 mau ʻano ʻano like ʻole mai ka honua holoʻokoʻa. No ka loaʻa ʻana o nā mea hoʻohālike mai nā wahi ʻē aʻe, ua hoʻololi ʻia nā hua i kēlā me kēia makahiki me ka ʻoi aku o 200 mau māla i hoʻolaha ʻia ma nā ʻāina āpau. ʻO ia kekahi o nā hōʻiliʻili nui o ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden. Ma waena o nā mea kanu kaulana loa kēia:

  • nā magnolia deciduous
  • ʻO Gleditsia africana
  • nā lāʻau ʻala
  • Piʻi mea kanu
  • Leafy

pua Iberia

E hoʻomau kākou me ka Iberian arboretum, a i ʻole ka pua Iberian. Ma kēia pā hiki iā mākou ke mahalo pehea ka ulu ʻana o nā mea kanu lāʻau ma ka Iberian Peninsula, no ka mea, aia kēlā me kēia ʻano lāʻau i loaʻa ma kēia ʻāina i kēia ʻohi. Eia kekahi, ua hoʻohui ʻia nā lāʻau ʻoi loa o kēia peninsula. Eia kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona o nā ʻano ʻano i loaʻa iā mākou ma kēia pā:

  • ʻO nā firs Andalusia
  • Kaulana
  • ʻO Olmos
  • ʻO nā quercíneas Spanish (nā lāʻau ʻoka, nā ʻoka, nā ʻoka, nā ʻoka Kermes a me nā ʻoka holm)
  • ʻO ka ʻōpala Mediterranean (heather, thyme, rockrose, cornicabras, papilionaceae, etc.)

mea ulu ʻāina

ʻO ka pā nui loa i loko o kēia paka ʻo ia ka pā o ka ʻāina. Ma loko e ʻike ai ʻoe i nā wahi like ʻole i kūikawā i nā kumuhana like ʻole:

  • Kula ʻōnaehana: Hāʻawi ia i ka ʻike e pili ana i ka ʻokoʻa o ka flora āpana.
  • Nā kaiaulu kūlohelohe: Hōʻike ia i nā kaiāulu mea kanu a i ʻole nā ​​hui e hoʻopau i ka ʻāina.
  • Māla kaiaola: Hōʻike i nā mea kanu kuʻuna like ʻole o kēia ʻāina.
  • Wetland: He wahi kanāwai liʻiliʻi kēia e kōkua ana i ka hoʻoponopono ʻana i ka microclimate o ia wahi a lilo ia i kumu waiwai no nā holoholona o ka paka.

Nā Huakaʻi kūikawā

ʻO ka hope, pono mākou e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka ʻāpana hōʻiliʻili kūikawā. He ʻeono ka huina, a penei kēia mau mea:

  • ʻO nā Cycads: Aia i loko o ka Tunnel Cicadales nā conifers kahiko loa. He mau mōʻalihaʻi ola maoli kēia i nui loa i ka wā o nā dinosaurs, akā i kēia lā ua liʻiliʻi loa lākou. Mālama lākou iā lākou i loko o kahi tunnel, no ka mea, paʻakikī loa lākou i ka maloʻo ʻana a me ka hau, no ka mea he mau mea kanu subtropical.
  • arboretum o konifela: Aia i loko o kēia hōʻiliʻili ma kahi o 500 specimens o 226 mau ʻano like ʻole a me nā ʻano subspecies. ʻO nā sequoia nā lāʻau kahiko loa ma kēia wahi a kanu ʻia i ka makahiki 1990.
  • ʻO Arboretum Exotic: Ma kēia wahi aia nā lāʻau ʻaʻole maoli i Sepania, akā hiki ke hoʻomaʻamaʻa maikaʻi ʻia. Eia ka ʻokoʻa nui, nā lāʻau a me nā kumu lāʻau. Aia ma waena o nā ʻano ʻano like ʻole, no ka laʻana, nā ʻoka ʻAmelika a me ka mulberry pepa.
  • "Angel Esteban" Rose Garden: ʻO Ángel Esteban González kahi mea aloha Rosalist Spanish nāna i hāʻawi i kāna hōʻiliʻili i ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden. Loaʻa kēia i nā ʻano kī kī like ʻole, nā kumu rose kahiko, nā kumu lāʻau rose lanakila i nā hoʻokūkū honua like ʻole, nā kumu lāʻau liʻiliʻi a me nā rosa piʻi. Hiki ke loaʻa ma ʻaneʻi he 285 mau ʻano like ʻole.
  • orchidarium (minitropicarium): He hale ʻōmaʻomaʻo noiʻi ia i hōʻaiʻē ʻia e ke Kulanui Complutense. I kēia manawa, ʻike ʻia ka cacti, nā orchids a me nā mea kanu ulu i kēia wahi.
  • ʻO Cactus a me nā succulents: ʻO ka hope, aia ka hōʻiliʻili o nā cacti a me nā succulents, kekahi o nā mea nui loa ma ʻEulopa. Loaʻa iā ia ma mua o 3000 mau mea kanu a he ākea ākea o nā genera a me nā ʻano.

ʻO Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden: Nā papahana a me nā kumukūʻai

He manuahi ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden i ka Pōʻalima a hiki i ka hola 12:00

Inā ʻoe e hoʻolālā e kipa aku i ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden, Pono ʻoe e noʻonoʻo i nā hola wehe a me nā kumukūʻai komo. E hāʻawi mākou iā ʻoe i kēia ʻike āpau, e hoʻomaka me ka papa kuhikuhi:

  • Mai ka Pōʻakahi a i ka Pōʻalima: Mai ka hola 10:00 a i ka hola 13:00
  • Nā Sābati, nā Sābati a me nā lā hoʻomaha: Mai ka hola 10:00 a i ka hola 17:00

E hoʻomanaʻo i ka paka Ua pani ʻia i ka mahina o ʻAukake a me nā lā hoʻomaha o Dekemaba 24, 25 a me 26 a me Ianuali 1 a me 6. I kēia manawa e ʻike kākou i nā kumukūʻai i loaʻa:

  • Komo Nui: 4 €
  • tiketi hoemi: €2 (pono no nā penikala, poʻe ma luna o 65, haumāna ID, ʻohana nui, pūʻulu o ka liʻiliʻi 10 poʻe, nā lālā o ka Bonsai Circle a me ACUA, ka poʻe i nele i ka hana)
  • Ke kumuhana o ka mahina: €6 (€3 no nā lālā maʻamau)
  • Paʻa makahiki pākahi: 20 €
  • Kau inoa ʻohana makahiki: €35 (ʻehā mau hoa kiʻekiʻe loa)
  • Kau inoa hui makahiki: €50 (ʻeiwa mau hoa kiʻekiʻe loa)

Hiki iā mākou ke komo i ka paka no ka manuahi i kēlā me kēia Pōʻalima a hiki i ka hola 12:00 awakea. Eia kekahi, komo nā keiki liʻiliʻi a me nā poʻe kīnā me ka manuahi. ʻAʻole hoʻi e uku nā haumāna a me nā limahana i ke Kulanui o Alcalá a me nā hui pili CRUSA, ALCALINGUA a me FGUA.

Manaʻo wau e paipai ʻia ʻoe e hoʻolimalima i kahi lā ma kēia paka nani. ʻO ka Alcalá de Henares Botanical Garden he wahi maikaʻi a maikaʻi hoʻi no nā poʻe aloha i nā mea kanu a me nā ʻano kūlohelohe.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
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