Nā maʻi chard Swiss

ʻAʻole maʻamau nā maʻi chard Swiss

No ka poʻe akamai loa a me ka mea hou loa i nā māla, ʻo Swiss chard kahi mea kanu maikaʻi loa e ulu ai. Inā i loko o ka ipuhao, i loko o ka māla kūlanakauhale, i nā ʻāina a i ʻole ma ka honua, ua maʻalahi kēia mau mea kanu e mālama. ʻOiai mākou e ʻike i ka wā e kanu ai iā lākou a pehea e mālama ai iā lākou, aneane pau nā mea a pau. ʻOiai he ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻaʻole maʻamau ka loaʻa ʻana o kēia mau mea kanu i nā pathologies, pono mākou e ʻike hiki iā lākou ke hoʻopaʻa iā lākou. ʻO ia ke kumu e kamaʻilio ai mākou ma kēia ʻatikala e pili ana i nā maʻi o chard.

Inā ʻoe e noʻonoʻo nei e ulu i kēia mau mea kanu, paipai wau e hoʻomau i ka heluhelu. ʻAʻole wale mākou e papa inoa i nā maʻi chard maʻamau, akā e wehewehe pū mākou pehea e pale aku ai iā lākou a me nā lāʻau lapaʻau home e hiki ai iā mākou ke hoʻomohala e hakakā iā lākou.

He aha nā maʻi i loaʻa iā chard?

Hiki i nā maʻi Swiss chard ke viral a fungal paha

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai i ka hoʻomaka, ʻaʻole maʻamau ia no chard maʻi, ma ka liʻiliʻi loa e hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe, e like me ka ʻōmato. Eia naʻe, ʻAʻole loa e ʻeha ke lawe i kekahi mau hana pale, no na pests a no na fungi a me na ma'i. ʻO kahi ala maikaʻi e hana ai i kēia, ʻo ia ka hāʻawi ʻana i nā pono hou i nā mea kanu.

Ma waena o nā ala kūpono a koʻikoʻi ka hui hua. Ke hoʻohana nei i kēia ʻenehana hiki iā mākou ke hōʻoia i ka pōmaikaʻi o nā mea kanu mai kekahi i kekahi, e hāʻawi ana i kekahi mau mea pono. I ka hihia o Swiss chard, hoʻonui lākou i ka lepo me ka nitrogen. No laila, ʻo ka mea kūpono e hoʻopili iā lākou me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe e hāʻawi i ka phosphorus. ʻO kēia ka mea kanu hua a me nā pua. Eia kekahi, hiki ke hoʻohui pū ʻia me nā mea kanu e hāʻawi i ka potassium, e like me nā hua aʻa a me nā ʻōpala.

No laila, he manaʻo maikaʻi loa ke kanu ʻana i ka chard me nā kāloti, ka pepa, nā radishes a me nā tōmato. E pōmaikaʻi kēia mau mea mai ka nitrogen i hāʻawi ʻia e ka chard, aʻo ka chard e pōmaikaʻi mai nā meaʻai ʻē aʻe. Eia kekahi, inā mākou e ulu i nā aniani a/a i ʻole nā ​​mea kanu ʻala, hiki iā mākou ke kipaku aku i nā mea ʻino like ʻole ʻAʻole hiki ke hoʻopili i ka chard wale nō, akā i nā mea kanu āpau a mākou. Akā e makaʻala, ʻaʻole ʻōlelo ʻia e kanu i kēia mau mea kanu ma kahi o ka asparagus a i ʻole leeks.

Chard
ʻAtikala pili:
Pehea e ulu ai i ka chard

ʻOiai he ʻoiaʻiʻo ma o ka hui ʻana o nā mea kanu, ua hoʻoikaika ʻia nā mea kanu i nā mea kanu like ʻole i loaʻa iā lākou. ʻaʻole palekana loa lākou. E ʻike kākou i nā maʻi chard maʻamau i loaʻa iā mākou, a mākou e kuhikuhi ai i ʻelua:

  • ʻO Cercospora
  • Sclerotinia
  • Mele melemele ʻana o ka pī
  • peronospora
  • mosaic beet
  • Kukama Virus I
  • ʻO ka maʻi maʻi

chard pox

Ma waena o nā maʻi o ka chard ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo chard pox. Hoʻokumu kēia phytopathology i nā kiko a hiki i ka ʻelima millimeters ma nā lau a hiki ke pau i ka pala. He maʻi fungal ia i hana ʻia e Cercospora beticola, no laila hiki ke mālama ʻia me nā fungicides, pono maoli. Eia kekahi, pono mākou e pale i ke kanu hou ʻana i ka chard ma ia ʻāina no ka liʻiliʻi o ʻelua makahiki i mea e nalowale ai ka haʻi.

Mildew

ʻO ka māmā he maʻi hiki ke mālama ʻia
ʻAtikala pili:
Mildew

ʻAʻole ʻo Mildew kahi maʻi e like me ia, akā he pūʻulu o nā maʻi e hui pū i ka pseudofungi endoparasitic. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana e pale i ka ʻike ʻia ʻana, no ka mea he mea ʻino loa ia ʻaʻole no ka chard wale nō, akā no nā mea kanu he nui. ʻO kēia nā hōʻailona koʻikoʻi o ka mildew:

  • ʻO ka poʻo hina a i ʻole ka pauka ma nā ʻōpala, nā hua, a me nā lau
  • Nā kiko melemele e ʻeleʻele ana i nā lau
  • Nā hua popopo, nā aʻa a me nā ʻōpala
  • ulu lohi
  • ʻOi aku ka hua ʻai

No ka pale ʻana i kēia maʻi, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe i hana ʻia e nā haʻi. He mea koʻikoʻi ka mālama ʻana i nā pilikia. Hoʻonui ka fungi i nā wahi haʻahaʻa a mehana, ʻo ia ke kumu e hoʻoinu wale ai mākou i ka wā e pono ai. ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā substrates me ka wai maikaʻi e kōkua nui. Eia kekahi, i ka wā e hiki ai, pono mākou e pale i ka hoʻoinu ʻana i nā mea kanu mai luna mai a i ʻole e waiho i nā kīʻaha ma lalo o ka ipuhao, ke ʻole mākou e hoʻomanaʻo e wehe i ka wai nui.

Ina ua pilikia mua ka kakou mau mea kanu i ka malili, hiki iā mākou ke hoʻohana i nā fungicides maoli, inā i hana ʻia a i kūʻai ʻia paha. ʻO ka hoʻohana ʻana i ke keleawe a me ka sulfur ka mea maikaʻi loa i ka hakakā ʻana i kēia maʻi. Inā ʻaʻole pono kēia mau lāʻau lapaʻau kūlohelohe iā mākou, hiki iā mākou ke koho i nā fungicides kemika, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ia e ʻōlelo ʻia.

Nā lāʻau lapaʻau home no nā maʻi chard

Hiki ke pale a mālama ʻia nā maʻi chard Swiss

I kēia manawa ua ʻike mākou i ke ʻano o nā maʻi chard, e ʻike kākou pehea e hoʻoponopono ai iā lākou ma ke ʻano maoli a me ka maʻalahi. E pale aku i ka fungus, hiki iā mākou ke hana i nā fungicides homemade i maʻa mau loa. No kēia, loaʻa iā mākou kēia mau koho:

  • ʻO ka fungicide homemade me ke kāleka: Hoʻohana maʻamau ia ma ke ʻano he ʻano pale ʻana ma mua o ka lāʻau lapaʻau, akā hiki ke kōkua nui i ka wā e manaʻo ai mākou he maʻi fungal. He infusion ia i hana ʻia me ke poʻo o ke kāleka no kēlā me kēia lita o ka wai. Pono mākou e hoʻomoʻa i kēia hui no kahi hola. Ke maʻalili nei, hoʻokomo mākou i kēia fungicide hou i loko o kahi sprayer a ninini ʻia ma luna o nā mea kanu i hoʻopilikia ʻia a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea a mākou e makemake ai e pale.
  • Tansy infusion: Hoʻohana pinepine ʻia kēia infusion e pale i ka maʻi ahulau aphid, akā, he mea maikaʻi nō hoʻi ia e kūʻē i ka malili. Hana ʻia me nā pua o kēia mea kanu. No ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana, pono mākou e hoʻolapalapa i kanakolu kalama o nā pua tansy no kēlā me kēia lita o ka wai.
  • ʻO ka fungicide homemade me ka waiū: Ma waho aʻe o ka hakakā ʻana i nā fungi, hāʻawi pū ka fungicide homemade me ka waiū i nā mea kanu i nā mea kanu, e like me ka phosphate, potassium a me ka lactic acid. No ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana, pono mākou e hoʻohui i ʻewalu ʻāpana o ka wai ua (inā lawe mākou mai ka paipa, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi e hoʻomaha i ʻelua mau lā a ʻoi aʻe paha) a me ʻelua ʻāpana o ka waiu. I kēia hui ʻana, pono mākou e hoʻohui i iwakālua grams o ka soda baking no kēlā me kēia lita a mākou i hana ai. ʻO ka mea maikaʻi loa e hoʻopili i kēia fungicide homemade me kahi sprayer i kēlā me kēia lā ʻelua, inā hiki i ka napoʻo ʻana o ka lā.

Me kēia ʻike a pau e pili ana i nā maʻi chard a me kēia mau hana liʻiliʻi e hoʻomākaukau ai i nā lāʻau lapaʻau home, ua mākaukau mua ʻoe inā pili kāu ʻai i nā haʻi.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.