Momwe mungasinthire rosemary

mmene kumuika rosemary

Rosemary, yomwe ndi chomera chonunkhira chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndikulimidwa m'minda yakunyumba. Izi zikutanthauza kuti anthu ambiri ayenera kudziwa zomwe amafuna, chisamaliro ndi ntchito zosamalira. Zina mwa ntchito zimenezi ndi kumuika munthu wina. Anthu ambiri amadabwa kuti zitheka bwanji kuika rosemary munjira zosiyanasiyana

Pazifukwa izi, tipereka nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni momwe mungasinthire rosemary, mawonekedwe ake ndi njira zomwe muyenera kutsatira.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) ndi chomera chokhuthala, chonunkhira bwino chomwe chimakhala chosavuta kumera komanso choyenera kumunda uliwonse wapanyumba kapena dimba la masamba. Zitha kukhala zapachaka (zokhalitsa chaka chimodzi) kapena zosatha (zaka zitatu kapena kuposerapo).

Ili ndi maluwa oyera, ofiirira, kapena abuluu komanso masamba onunkhira, achikopa owoneka ngati singano zapaini. Ndi membala wa banja la Lamiaceae, lomwe limaphatikizapo zomera zina zambiri (basil, lavender, sage). Rosemary ndi chomera chomwe chimakopa njuchi chifukwa zimakonda mungu wake.

Momwe mungasinthire rosemary

rosemary yodulidwa

Kubzala rosemary kumatha kuyambika kuchokera ku mbewu kapena kudula. Kawirikawiri, kugwiritsa ntchito mbewu kumakhala kovuta kwa oyamba kumene ndipo kuli koyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwakukulu. Zimamera bwino kuchokera ku zodula osati njere, koma mutha kugulanso mbande ngati simukufuna kuzifalitsa kuchokera ku cuttings.

Ngakhale mbewuzo zimapezeka mosavuta komanso zotsika mtengo. 15% yokha ndiyo imamera bwino. Njira zosinthira rosemary ndizosavuta:

  • kudula pafupifupi 10cm (4 mainchesi) kuwakulitsa.
  • Pambuyo kudula, chotsani masamba pansi pa odulidwa (pafupifupi 2,5 cm kapena 1 inchi kuchokera kumapeto kwa tsinde). Mbali imeneyi ya zomera idzalowetsedwa m’nthaka.
  • Ikani chodulidwa chilichonse mumphika waung'ono ndi magawo awiri mwa magawo atatu a mchenga wouma ndi gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a peat.
  • Ikani mphikawo pamalo adzuwa. koma osati padzuwa lolunjika.
  • Thirirani madzi odulidwa nthawi zonse ndikuyiyika pamalo otentha mpaka itakhazikika, zomwe zimatenga pafupifupi masabata atatu.
  • Kuthandiza ma cuttings kumera, mphika wonse wamaluwa ukhoza kuikidwa m'thumba ndi mabowo ena pamwamba. Izi zidzawongolera kutentha ndikusunga malo odulirapo chinyezi ndi kutentha.
  • Sunsa nsonga za zodulidwazo ufa wa rosemary rooting mahomoni kuti apititse patsogolo kukula.

Momwe mungasinthire rosemary m'njira zosiyanasiyana

kuika rosemary

Kuyambira mphika kupita ku mphika

Kuchita izi kamodzi pachaka ndikokwanira, nthawi zonse mu kasupe ngati n'kotheka, pambuyo pa chiopsezo cha chisanu ngati kuli kozizira. Ngati mukufuna kuti rosemary yanu ipitirire kukula, ndizothandiza kugwiritsa ntchito mwayi wapachaka kuti muwonjezere kukula kwa mphika ndikupereka gawo lapansi latsopano la feteleza wokhwima kwambiri.

Kumbali inayi, ngati mukufuna kuti ikhalebe ndi kukula kwake, mutha kuyiyika mumphika womwewo kapena wofananira, koma tengani gawo laling'ono kuchokera muzu, kudula mizu popanda dothi. Kenaka yikani gawo lapansi kachiwiri. Itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito pakudulira kopepuka kotero kuti kukula kwa korona kulipiritsa kukula kwa mizu.

Kuyambira mphika mpaka pansi

Kubzala uku kuyenera kuchitika mukafuna kubzala rosemary m'miphika kuti mupitirize kukula m'nthaka ya m'munda wa zipatso kapena m'munda. Ndikoyeneranso kutero mu kasupe, chisanu chikasiya koma chisanatenthe kwambiri, makamaka ngati chili pamthunzi ndipo chimakhala padzuwa lathunthu. Ngati mphika uli kale panja komanso pamalo owonekera, utha kubzalidwa nthawi iliyonse pachaka popeza mbewuyo idazolowera izi.

Uyenera kukumba dzenje lalikulu, osachepera 10 cm m'mwamba ndi m'lifupi kuposa mphika, koma zambiri ngati mungathe. Ngati nthaka ndi yomata kwambiri, kapena nthawi zonse imakhala yonyowa kwambiri, kapena ngati nthaka yamira, rosemary iyenera kubzalidwa pamtunda wachilengedwe kapena wochita kupanga kuti mizu yake isawole chifukwa cha chinyezi chochuluka.

Mukachotsa rosemary mumphika, onani momwe mizu ya mizu imawonekera. Ngati pamwamba pawo pali mizu yambiri ndipo yakodwa; ndi bwino kuwamasula musanabzalenso. Izi zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta komanso zofulumira kubzalanso.

Kuyambira pansi mpaka mphika

Pomaliza, mungafunikire kuchotsa rosemary m'nthaka ndikusunthira ku mphika chifukwa sichingasiyidwe pamalo ake, kapena mukufuna kuti mumtsuko mupatse malo ochulukirapo, kapena zina zotero. Ngati izi ndi zanu, muyenera kuchita chozungulira pafupifupi 50cm kuchokera pa tsinde la rosemary ndikuyamba kukumba ngalande yopapatiza komanso yozama ngati mukufuna kukumba chinthu chomwe chingasweke ngati mwachigwira.

Ngati ngalandeyo ili pafupifupi masentimita 30, yesetsani kukweza ndi chida champhamvu ndi chowonda, kuyesera kukweza chilumba cha dziko lapansi chomwe chatsalira kuzungulira rosemary. Mpira wa mizu ukachotsedwa, chotsani ndikuchiyika kuti chisamutsire ku chidebe.

Pogwiritsa ntchito gawo lapansi lopepuka komanso feteleza wokhwima kwambiri, bzalani rosemary mumphika ngati chomera china chilichonse, koma onetsetsani kuti koronayo ikugwirizana ndi kuchuluka kwa muzu. Osachita izi m'chilimwe, bwino m'nyengo yachisanu, kotero kuti rosemary imakula mofulumira ndikusintha mizu yotayika ndi nthambi zodulira ngati kuli koyenera.

Zina zomwe muyenera kuzidziwa pakuyika rosemary

ntchito zosamalira rosemary

Mofanana ndi zomera zina zambiri zonunkhira, rosemary si chomera chomwe chimafuna kusamalidwa kwambiri. Zimamera mumitundu yonse ya dothi, makamaka dothi louma, louma, lamchenga pang'ono komanso lotha madzi, yabwino kwa dothi losauka. Amamera m'mphepete mwa nyanja ndi m'mapiri otsika.

Nthawi yabwino yobzala mbewuyo ndi kumapeto kwa masika, koma m'malo otentha zitha kuchitikanso kumayambiriro kwa autumn. Zomera za rosemary zimatha kukololedwa kangapo mu nyengo, koma ziyenera kuloledwa kuyambiranso pakati pa zokolola. Rosemary safuna feteleza kawirikawiri. Komabe, ngati kukula kukuchedwa kapena kuti mbewu zimawoneka zazing'ono kapena zachikasu, feteleza wamtundu uliwonse amayenera kuthiridwa kasupe kusanawonekere. Pewani kuthira feteleza mwachindunji ku mbewu chifukwa idzapsa.

Rosemary samakangana ndi kuthirira. Chabwino, madzi 1 kapena 2 milungu iliyonse, malinga ndi kukula kwa zomera ndi nyengo. M'madera amvula kapena nyengo yamvula, zomera siziyenera kuthiriridwa, pokhapokha panthawi ya chilala. Pakati pa kuthirira kulikonse, ndi bwino kuti zomera za rosemary ziume.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za momwe mungasinthire rosemary.


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