Beche, muti mukuru

Mashizha eFagus sylvatica anodonhedza

El kuvapo, ane zita resainzi iri fagus sylvatica, ndeimwe yemiti inonyanya kufarirwa uye inoyevedza inogara mumasango akadzikama uye epasi rose eEurope. Iyo ndeimwe yeanonyanya kukosha protagonists emwaka wematsutso, sezvo mashizha awo akasviba mutsvuku kana orenji zvichienderana nemhando dzakasiyana.

Nehurefu hwemamita makumi mana, inokura yakatwasuka kana iri mumapoka, kana matavi pazera diki kwazvo kana iri yega. Asi, Unozvichengeta sei iwe? 

Mavambo uye hunhu

Iyo beech yakajairika kuEurope

Mufananidzo - Wikimedia / Giovanni Caudullo

Yedu protagonist iwo muti unodonha kutanga kubva kuEurope. MuSpain tinogona kuiwana chete kuchamhembe kwakanyanya kweIberian Peninsula, uye nenzira yakasarudzika yakanangana nepakati. Sezvatakataura, zvinowanzosvika pakureba kwemamita makumi mana, asi chinhu chakajairika ndechekuti mukurima haipfuuri gumi nemashanu kana makumi maviri emamita.

Korona yaro inoumbwa nemashizha ari nyoreIwe unoshandura kana iyo specimen iri diki, girini kana yepepuru, iyo inoshanduka kuita yakajeka yeyero kana tsvuku mumatsutso usati wawa. Iwo matavi anogona kunge akakotamiswa zvishoma, kana kukotamiswa chaizvo nemamwe mashizha achibata pasi zvichienderana ne subspecies kana chirimwa.

Zviri monoecious; ndokuti, kune tsoka dzechikadzi nedzemurume. Maruva echikadzi anobuda mumapoka eimwe kusvika matatu, dzimwe nguva mana, pane grey-brown brown peduncle; uye iwo emurume anotumbuka mu globose inflorescences. Chibereko, chakaumbwa sedhomo rakavhurika, chine mbeu imwechete kusvika kumatatu, inonziwo michina yenyuchi.

Iyo ine inononoka kukura, asi inorarama kwenguva refu. Chirevo chake chinoratidzika kunge chiri: kunonoka, asi chokwadi. Muchokwadi, tarisiro yeupenyu hwavo makore mazana matatu.

Mhando

Kune akati wandei ayo anonakidza kwazvo:

  • Fagus sylvatica 'Atropurpurea': ine mashizha epepuru mwaka wese.
  • Fagus sylvatica 'Albovariegata': mashizha acho akasvibira, ane michero yero.
  • Fagus sylvatica 'Fastigiata': ine mbiru inobereka, uye haiwanzo pfuura 20 metres kumusoro uye 3m yakafara.
  • Fagus sylvatica 'Pendula': kuchema. Iwo matavi ari kudonha, uye haakure anopfuura 25m.

Ndezvipi zvinovanetsa?

Mashizha eEuropean beech ari pakati nepakati muhukuru

Kana iwe uchida kuve nekopi, tinokurudzira kuti iwe ugopa iyo neinotevera hanya:

Climate

Iyo yakarimwa beech ndeye mhando inodzivirira kwazvo. Zvisinei, kuitira kuti ikure zvakanaka inoda inodziya kana kondinendi mamiriro ekunze anotonhora echando, mwando wakakwirira.

Nzvimbo

Iyo Fagus sylvatica inofanirwa kunge iri kunze, mune semi-mumvuri. Kana ichinge yakura muMediterranean, zvakakoshawo kuti inodzivirirwa kubva kumhepo yegungwa, zvikasadaro mashizha anokuvadza.

Nekuda kwehunhu hwayo, inofanirwa kudyarwa padanho diki remamita gumi kubva pombi, ivhu rakagadzirwa, miti hombe, nezvimwe.

Pasi

  • Garden: inoda kuti ivhu risave netsika yekuvhara mvura (sezvazvakaita ivhu), yakaorera uye ine acidic, ine pH iri pakati pe4 ne6.
  • Ruva poto:
    • Mumamiriro ekunze anotonhora-inotonhora: simira mu substrate yemiti acid kana mulch.
    • Mumamiriro ekunze anodziya: simira mujecha rinoputika, senge akadama ine 30% kiryuzuna kana zvakafanana.

Kudiridza

Iwo muti uyo haitsigire kusanaya kwemvura kana mvura. Munguva yezhizha inoda kugara ichidiridza, kuyedza zvakanyanya sezvinobvira kudzivirira ivhu kana substrate kubva pakuoma zvachose; Rinosara regore, kunyangwe iyo nguva yekudiridza ichizofanira kudzikiswa, ichafanirwa kupihwa zvine mwero kudiridza.

Kuchengetedza midzi kubva pakuora kana kuomesa, unogona kutarisa hunyoro hwevhu usati waenderera mberi nekuwedzera mvura. Kuti uite izvi, ingoisa tsvimbo yakatetepa yemuti: kana ikabuda iri yakachena paunenge uchiibvisa, inofanirwa kudiridzwa.

Izvo zvakakosha kushandisa mvura inonaya, isina lime kana, zvichikundikana izvo, acidified tap mvura (pano une ruzivo rwekuti ungadzikise sei pH yemvura).

Vanyoreri

Miti yebeche kazhinji inogadzira masango anonzi miti yebeech.

Kunze kwemvura, beech inoda 'chikafu' kuti ive noutano hwakanaka. Kana ikasadyiwa mbeu, munguva pfupi inotevera inogona kuzova panjodzi huru kune zvipembenene zvinokanganisa tupukanana netwupukanana (utachiona, hutachiona) hunokonzera zvirwere.

Asi zvirokwazvo, mumusika tinowana dzakasiyana siyana mafetiraiza. Ndeipi yakanakira chirimwa ichi? Zvakanaka, chero zvakanaka kana zvichishandiswa nemazvo, kunyange iyo Organic Hapana mubvunzo kuti bheji rakachengeteka nekuti navo uchaisa fetesaiza, kwete chete chirimwa, asiwo gadheni kana iwe wakadyara muvhu.

Imwe sarudzo ndeye kushandisa macomputer, makemikari, seaya avanotengesa pano yemiti ine acidic, ichitevera zvinongedzo zvakatsanangurwa papakeji.

Kuwanza

Inobereka zvirinyore nembeu, kana izvi zviri zvitsva (zvakangotorwa kubva pamuti). Kana iyo nguva yechando ichitonhora, inogona kudyarwa yakananga mumubhedha wembeu uye muchirimo ivo vanomera; Kana izvi zvisiri izvo, kuvimbisa yakakwira yekumera muzana, isu tinofanirwa kuvasimbisa kwemwedzi miviri-mitatu mufiriji ingangoita 6º, uye muchirimo vadyara muhari vachitevera danho iri nhanho:

  1. Kutanga, tupperware izere neakambonyoroveswa vermiculite.
  2. Ipapo mbeu dzinodyarwa uye dzakafukidzwa ne vermiculite (kana kuvigwa zvishoma neiyo iripo).
  3. Mushure meizvi, shandisai mhangura kana sarufa. Izvi zvinodzivirira fungi kubva mukukuvadza mbeu.
  4. Nhanho inotevera ndeyekuvhara iyo tupperware uye kuiisa mufiriji, muchikamu chekucheka kutonhora, mukaka, nezvimwe.
  5. Kamwe chete pavhiki kwemwedzi mitatu, iyo tupperware inofanira kuburitswa uye kuvhurwa kuti ivandudze mhepo.
  6. Muchirimo, iyo seedbed inozadzwa, senge matairesi kana hari, ine substrate yemiti ine acidic.
  7. Mbeu dzinozoiswa pamusoro uye dzakafukidzwa netete yakatetepa ye substrate.
  8. Pekupedzisira, iyo seedbed inodiridzwa uye ndokuiswa kunze, mune semi-mumvuri.

Vachamera mukati megore rose.

Kudyara kana kupandukira nguva

Muchirimo, apo njodzi yechando yapfuura.

Rusticity

Inodzivisa mazaya echando kusvika -18ºC, asi haigare munzvimbo dzinopisa. Iyo yakanaka tembiricha renji ndeye 30ºC yakakwira uye -18ºC padiki

Inogona kurimwa munzvimbo dzinopisa here? Zvakaitika kwandiri

Maonero eFagus sylvatica 'Atropurpurea'

Fagus sylvatica 'Atropurpurea', kubva muunganidzwa wangu. Mufananidzo waAugust 2, 2018.

Takataura kuti hausi muti wemamiriro ekunze usina chando, asi chokwadi ndechekuti ine hushoma hwekuchengetwa inogona kugara zvakanaka muMediterranean mhenderekedzo. Munzvimbo yangu, tembiricha yepasi ndeye -1,5ºC uye yakakwira ndeye 38ºC, uye kunyangwe chiri chokwadi kuti inokura zvishoma nezvishoma, ndizvozvo. Gore rega rega rinowedzera kunaka uye runako.

Kana iwe uchigara munzvimbo ine mamiriro ekunze akafanana, Ini ndinokurudzira kuti iwe uzvirime muna akadama, kuti uzvidiridze zvakanyanya muzhizha uye zvimwe zvishoma mumatsutso-nguva yechando, uye kuti usakanganwa kuibhadhara mumwaka wese wekukura.. Nenzira iyi, inotora mashizha uye ichave yakanaka. Ehe, iwe haungambove uchikwanisa kuisima muvhu, asi nerombo rakanaka munzvimbo dzekuchengetedza tinowana hari hombe dzinosvika 1 mita dhayamita kweanenge akadzama zvakafanana 😉.

Ehe, hari haizombove yakafanana neivhu, asi ... kana iwe uchida kuita iyi mhando yekuyedza uye zvobva zvabuda mushe, pakupedzisira hapana imwe sarudzo kunze kwekuisima mumidziyo, nekuti iyo imwe sarudzo (ipa kune botanical gadheni), zvakapusa Dzimwe nguva ivo havasarudzo nekuda kwerudo rwavanowana; uye zviri pachena, ivo havasi kuzoomesa futi.

Chii chinonzi beech?

Chishongo

Ndiwo muti wekunaka kukuru unopa mumvuri wakanaka paunenge uchikura. Zvinonakidza kuva nazvo se yakasarudzika specimen kukwanisa kunakirwa zvirinani.

Chikafu

Nyuchi dzinoshandiswa sechikafu chezvipfuyo.

Mishonga

  • Mashizha: yaishandiswa kurapa dzihwa, bronchitis, dzihwa, pharyngitis uye kumisa manyoka.
  • Creosote: inowanikwa kubva kune yakaoma distillation yematavi, inova astringent, analgesic, antitussive, antipyretic uye expectorant.

Beche munguva yechando harina mashizha

Ndiwo muti wakanaka kunyangwe munguva yechando, haufunge? Unogona here kufungidzira uine imwe mubindu rako? Haisi yekumanikidza zvakanyanya. Kunyangwe, hongu, inoda nzvimbo yakakwana kuti ikure zvakanaka.

Beche ndomumwe wemiti iyo iyo vanogona kukuwisira murudo nekungovatarisa kamwe chete.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Makomendi gumi, siya zvako

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa ne *

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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako

  1.   Jenny akadaro

    Muti wakanaka, asi ndingawanepi kuti nditenge mbeu

    1.    Monica Sanchez akadaro

      Mhoro Jenny.
      Pamapeji akaita seEbay uchawana mbeu dzauri kutsvaga.
      Kwaziso 🙂

  2.   Alejandra akadaro

    Mhoro Monica, ndiri kufarira kuziva nezve mudzi wemuti webeech, sezvo ndiri murudo nemuti uyu uye ndoda kuusima parutivi penzira yangu, chandisingade ndechekuti midzi yawo inozopwanya zvese semamwe marudzi .
    Reply with quote
    Alejandra

    1.    Monica Sanchez akadaro

      Mhoro Alejandra.
      Midzi yebeech ine simba, uye inogona kuputsa ivhu zvichingodaro.
      Thanks.

  3.   Eduardo Bonelli akadaro

    Mangwanani akanaka, ndiri kufara kugamuchira bhuku iri kubva kuJardoneriaon, rinobatsira kwazvo. Ini ndichakubvunza kana iwe uchikwanisa kundiudza kuti nditenge Beech uye Acer Opalus. Ndatenda pamberi pekugara uchinditumira rutsigiro rwemhando yepamusoro Ndatenda

    1.    Monica Sanchez akadaro

      Mhoro Eduardo.
      Isu tinofara kuziva kuti iwe unofarira iyo blog.
      Nezve mubvunzo wako, ini ndinokurudzira kutsvaga iyo miti muzvitoro zvepamhepo, kana pane ebay.
      Thanks.

  4.   Vincent akadaro

    Mhoroi, ndine mhodzi dzebeech mugirazi remvura, ndinoda kuziva kuti kangani pavhiki ndinofanira kudiridza, kwaziso.

    1.    Monica Sanchez akadaro

      Mhoro Vincent.

      Ini ndinokurudzira iwe kuti uvaise mutupperware, semuenzaniso ne vermiculite, uye chengeta ivo mufiriji kwemwedzi mitatu. Nenzira iyi, vanozogona kumera zvirinani. Pano inotsanangura maitiro ekuzviita nhanho nhanho.

      Zvino, kana mwaka wechando uchitonhora, uine mazaya echando, unogona kudzidyara muhari dzoga uye rega zvisikwa zviitwe.

      Kana dzangomera, substrate inofanira kuchengetwa yakanyorova asi isina mafashama.

      Ndinokutendai!

  5.   Sinuhe akadaro

    Ndakadanana nemuti uyu pandakangoona. Kutenda neruzivo rwekuitarisira. Ndine chipo. Iri pasi, yakasarudzika uye iri kure nedzimba kana pasi. Vazukuru vangu vachagara pamumvuri waro.
    Sinuhe

    1.    Monica Sanchez akadaro

      Iwe unozonakidzwa / kunakidzwa nazvo zvakanyanya. Ndiwo muti unoshamisa 🙂