Chii chinonzi muti une mashizha uye ndeapi marudzi aripo?

Bhanana renhema muti une mashizha

Mufananidzo – Wikimedia/Lidine Mia

Muti une mashizha ndiwo chirimwa chiya, kazhinji chakakura muhukuru, chinogadzira korona yakafaranuka uye yakazara nemashizha.. Nokuda kwechikonzero ichi, kazhinji inodyarwa kakawanda mumapindu makuru pane ari pakati nepakati kana maduku. Uye ndezvekuti, kubva pane zvakaitika kwandiri, kana iwe uchida kuva neimwe munzvimbo isina nzvimbo yakawanda, kuitira kuti iite seyakanaka uye isingakonzere matambudziko kune zvimwe zvirimwa, iwe uchamanikidzwa kuichekerera, kana zvisina kudaro se inokura Inopa mumvuri wakawandisa.

Naizvozvo, ndinofunga zvakakosha zvikuru kuziva maitiro emuti wemashizha, uye nenzira yekuziva zita remamwe marudzi, sezvo nenzira iyi tichakwanisa kunakidzwa nekukosha kwavo kwekushongedza.

Ndeapi maitiro emuti une mashizha?

Baobab muti unodonha

Mufananidzo - Flickr / Bernard DUPONT

Muti unonzi une mashizha kana uine korona ine mashizha akazara nemashizha, ayo anowanzofara uye ane zvishoma. (kunyanya kana ichienzaniswa neaya epaini kana yews, semuenzaniso). Hunde yacho inoita kukora nekufamba kwemakore, uye midzi yayo inogona kutora akati wandei mativi emamita.

Muchisikigo ivo vakanyanya, zvakakosha zvikuru, kubvira kupa mumvuri wakawanda uye pekugara kune dzimwe mhuka, pamwe chete nezvirimwa zvidiki. Uye izvo hazvireve nezve microclimate yavanogadzira pasi pegirazi yavo, inotonhorera kupfuura iyo iri kure navo.

Idzi mhando dzemiti dzimwe nguva dzinozivikanwa semiti-yakakura-mashizha, sezvo miti yakawanda yemashizha ine mashizha akafara uye makuru.

Iyo sango rinopisa rakaoma isango rakaoma sango biome
Nyaya inoenderana:
Ndezvipi zvirimwa zvine mashizha?

Chimwe chinhu chakakosha kuziva ndechekuti, kazhinji muti une mashizha muti unodonha, iyo inorasikirwa nemashizha ayo angave mumatsutso/muchando kana uchigara munzvimbo inosiyaniswa mwaka mina, kana mwaka wekusanaya usati wasvika kana mamiriro ekunze ari munzvimbo dzinopisa kana dzinopisa umo mune mwedzi inonaya mvura zhinji, nemimwe inoita zvishoma.

Kusarudzwa kwemiti ine mashizha

Miti ine mashizha yatichakuratidzai miti inogona kudyarwa mumagadheni umo kune mamiriro ekunze ari pakati nepakati kana ari pasi pevhu; ndiko kuti, kuti vanotsigira kutonhora uye kunyange mamwe mazaya anokosha.

Hackberry (celtis australis)

Hackberry muti une mashizha

Mufananidzo - Wikimedia / Sordelli

El hackberry Iwo muti wakasarudzika uyo inosvika gumi nemaviri pakureba. Inokura hunde yakatwasuka ine greyish bark, uye korona yakakura inosvika 4 metres muhupamhi. Mashizha acho akasvibira, ovo-lanceolate muchimiro uye ane serrated margin.

Kukura kwayo kunokurumidza, uye nekuwedzera, chirimwa chinoshingirira kusanaya kwemvura zvakanaka nekuda kwekuti chakashanduka munharaunda yeMedithera, uko kutonhora kunogona kupisa uye kuoma. Kutonhora kwechando hakuityise zvakare, nekuti inogona kutsungirira chando chinosvika -12ºC.

muti wesimbi (parrotia persica)

Parrotia persica muti unodonha

Mufananidzo - Wikimedia / Jean-Pol GRANDMONT

El muti wesimbi Chirimwa chinodonha inosvika kureba kwemamita gumi nemashanu, uye iyo inovandudza korona inenge mamita masere paupamhi. Mashizha ane ovoid, girini muruvara kunyangwe mumatsutso anotsvuka zvakanakisa.

Imhando yemhando yekushongedza hukuru, asi inoda zvakanyanya, nekuti inoda mamiriro ekunze ane mwero uye ivhu rine acidic kana zvishoma. Kune mamwe, zvinofanirwa kutaurwa kuti inomira kuchando kusvika -18ºC.

Catalpa (catalpa bignonioides)

Catalpa muti une mashizha

Mufananidzo - Wikimedia / Ermell

La catalpa Iwo muti wakasarudzika uyo inosvika gumi nemaviri pakureba, uye iyo inogona kugadzira kapu yemamita akati wandei muhupamhi (anenge mamita mashanu). Mashizha akafara, akasvibira, uye anopera nechidimbu. Maruva anoonekwa mumasumbu muchirimo, akaita sebhero, uye machena.

Iine kukurumidza kukura. Inoshingirira kutonhora nechando zvakanyanya kudzika kusvika -15ºC uye haikuvadzwe nekupisa kana iine mvura pairi.

Japanese nhema chestnut (Aesculus turbinata)

Aesculus turbinata muti une mashizha

Mufananidzo – Wikimedia/Jonathan Cardy

El Japanese nhema chestnut Muti unodonha inosvika gumi nemaviri pakureba, uye izvo zvinogadzira korona inosvika 4 metres yakafara. Mashizha acho ane palmate, anoumbwa ne5-7 mashizha egirinhi anoshanduka yero kana kutsvuka mumatsutso. Muchirimo inoburitsa maruva mune erect inflorescences, uye iwo akacheneruka yero ane matsvuku toni.

Inogona kurimwa munzvimbo inotonhorera, inodziya, asi zvakakosha kuti idyarwe muvhu rakaorera, rakanyorova. Inoshingirira kutonhora kusvika -18ºC.

dota rinonhuhwirira (Fraxinus ornus)

The fraxinus ornus muti une mashizha

Mufananidzo - Wikimedia / Willow

El madota anotapira Iwo muti wakasarudzika uyo inosvika gumi nemaviri pakureba, ine korona inenge 3-4 mamita yakafara. Mashizha akatarisana, akasvibira, uye bi-pinnate. Mumatsutso vanoita yero, orenji kana tsvuku. Inotumbuka muchirimo, ichiburitsa maruva akacheneruka panicle.

Inokura nekukurumidza kana mvura iripo uye mamiriro ekunze ari kudziya-kudzikama. Inokwanisa kumira kwenguva pfupi yekusanaya kwemvura (mazuva) kana yave muvhu kwerimwe kana makore maviri, asi zviri nani kuidiridza kana tikaona kuti ivhu rakaoma kwazvo kuti risaparare. Inoshingirira kusvika -15ºC.

Ndizvo (fagus sylvatica)

Beche muti muhombe unoda mvura yakawanda

Mufananidzo - Flickr / Peter O'Connor aka anemoneprojectors

El zvakajairika beche kana kuEurope muti unodonha wekukura zvishoma nezvishoma uye hupenyu hurefu - unogona kudarika makore 200 ezera- izvo. inosvika 30-40 metres pakureba. Hunde yayo yakatwasuka, inenge mbiru, ine cylindrical bearing. Korona yakakura kwazvo, inogarwa nemashizha akareruka, oval ane girinhi kana tsvuku-tsvuku zvichienderana nemhando dzakasiyana kana cultivar.

Inokura munzvimbo dzine mwero, muvhu rakaorera, rakadzika uye rinotonhorera. Inotsungirira chando nechando pasina matambudziko chero bedzi isingaitiki muchirimo. Inopikisa kusvika -20ºC.

Jacaranda (jacaranda mimosifolia)

jacaranda mimosifolia, muti unoshora kutonhora

El jacaranda muti ungarashikirwa kana kusarashikirwa nemashizha awo. Zvose zvinoenderana nokuti chando chiri kutonhora here kana kuti kwete. Inosvika mamita makumi maviri pakureba, kunyange zvazvo inogona kusvika mamita makumi maviri. Inokura korona yakakura, ine bipinnate green mashizha. Asi, pasina mubvunzo, chinonyanya kushamisa maruva ayo, anotumbuka muchirimo uye ane ruvara rwe lilac yakanaka.

Inorimwa zvakanyanya munzvimbo dzinopisa, dzinopisa uye dzakapfava dzakadzikama, senge gungwa reMediterranean. Inoshingirira apo neapo uye isina simba kuchando inosvika -2ºC, asi inoda dziviriro kumhepo.

white mulberry (Morus alba)

Murobheri muti une mashizha uye uri pakati nepakati

Mufananidzo - Wikimedia / Sango & Kim Starr

Murobheri muchena muti unodonha uyo inosvika gumi nemaviri pakureba. Mashizha ayo anoyera kuita masendimita mashanu paupamhi uye kureba, uye ane ovate muchimiro. Aya akasvibira, asi anogona kuita yero mukudonha. Inotumbuka muchirimo, uye inobereka michero mwedzi gare gare.

Inorimwa zvakanyanya kunyanya mashizha ayo, sezvo ari chikafu chemakonye esirika. Inokura munzvimbo dzine mamiriro ekunze ekunze, uye inopikisa kusvika -18ºC.

Oak (Quercus robur)

Quercus robur muti muhombe

Mufananidzo - Wikimedia / Jean-Pol GRANDMONT

El oak Iwo muti wakasarudzika uyo Inogona kusvika pakureba kwemamita makumi mana., ine korona yakakura kwazvo inosvika 6-7 metres muhupamhi. Hunde yaro yakanyanya kana kushoma, kunyangwe ichigona kumonyoroka zvishoma nezera. Mapazi acho akati twii, uye mashizha akasvibira, akatsemuka anomera kubva paari. Mumatsutso vanoita yero, orenji uye/kana tsvuku vasati vadonha.

Inokura muivhu risina lime, rine acidic zvishoma, uye itsva. Inodawo mvura yenguva dzose, sezvo kusanaya kwemvura kuri mumwe wevavengi vayo vakaipisisa. Inoshingirira kusvika -18ºC.

Broadleaf lime (Tilia platyphyllos)

Linden muti wakakura kwazvo

Mufananidzo - Wikimedia / Jean-Pol GRANDMONT

El Broadleaf linden Muti unodonha unokura muEurope. Inokura korona yepiramidi, inogarwa nemashizha egirinhi uye ine ovate chimiro. Izvi zvinowira mumatsutso-munguva yechando, asi zvisati zvaitika tinozoona kuti dzinoita yero uye pakupedzisira dzakashava. Maruva awo madiki asi anonhuwirira chaizvo, uye anotumbuka muchirimo.

Inogona kusvika 30 metres pakureba, kunyangwe chinhu chakajairika ndechekuti haipfuure 24 metres. Pamusoro pezvo, inodzivirira chando kudzika kusvika -20ºC, saka inogona (uye inofanira) kuva kunze kwegore rose.

Unoziva mamwe marudzi emiti yemashizha here?


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako