Iintlobo zemaple

Kukho iintlobo ngeentlobo zemephu, imithi ekhula kwihlabathi lonke

Zimalunga ne-160 iindidi zemephu emhlabeni, nangona zimbalwa kuphela ezithengiswayo. Le mithi kunye nezihlahla zineempawu ezizodwa, ezenza kube lula ukwahlula kwabanye. Umzekelo, singathetha ngamagqabi ayo: i-webbed, ubuncinci be-3 kunye ne-7 lobes, ezihlala zitshintsha umbala nokuba kukwindla, entwasahlobo, okanye kuwo omabini amaxesha onyaka; kwaye enye kukuthwala kwabo, kuba ngaphandle kokuphakama kwamasebe abo esiqu, baya kuhlala benobuhle kodwa obuhle.

Ezinye, ngaphandle kokuba zisetyenziselwa ukuhombisa iigadi kwihlabathi liphela, zikwalinyelwa ezinye izizathu, nokuba zenzelwe incindi yazo okanye ukunceda izilwanyana zibe nendawo yokuzimela apho zinokuzikhusela kubushushu behlobo, kuba iimephu zizityalo ezibonelela ngomthunzi omninzi.

I-Acer buergerianum

Yinto esiyaziyo ukuba injani Imephu yesithathu, kwaye uyinzalelwane yase China, Japan, nase Taiwan. Ibizwa ngokuba yi-trident kuba amagqabi ayo enziwe ngamacala amathathu. Inokulinganisa ubude obumalunga neemitha ezili-10, kunye nesiqu esihlala siphinda-phinda esinamaxolo abrawuni. Sisityalo esihle kakhulu, esijika sibe bomvu ekwindla ngaphambi kokuphuma kwamagqabi.

Indawo yeAcer

El Imephu eqhelekileyo, engekho mhle kancinci kuba ixhaphakile, iyinzalelwane yase Yuropa, Algeria, Asia Minor nase Persia. Ikhula ngokukhawuleza ide ifike 15 mitha, enobubanzi besithsaba obuyi-6m. Amagqabi alula, ajongene, ane-webbed-lobed kwaye aluhlaza kumacala omabini ngexesha lentwasahlobo nasehlotyeni, kwaye emthubi ekwindla.

i-acer ginnala

Amagama ayo aqhelekileyo okanye athandwayo ngala: Imephu yaseRussia, imephu ye-Amur, kunye neMaphurian maple, kodwa elona gama lamkelekileyo kwezesayensi I-Acer tataricum subsp ginnala; nangona isamkelwa i-acer ginnala. Inzalelwane kwiNyakatho-mpuma yeAsia, apho siza kuyifumana eMongolia, Korea, eSiberia naseJapan. Le yenye yezona ntlobo zincinci zeemaphu, ukusukela oko kunqabile ukuba ingaphezulu kwe-3-5 yeemitha ukuphakama; Nangona kunjalo, kubalulekile ukwazi ukuba inokulinganisa ukuya kuthi ga kwi-10 yeemitha. Amagqabi ayo abotshwe ngesundu, ane-3-5 yeelbes eziluhlaza, kodwa ekwindla ziba bomvu.

I-Acer freemanii

El I-Acer x freemanii ngumxube phakathi Iarcer yerum y Acer saccharin que ifikelela phakathi kweemitha ezi-6 ukuya kwezi-16 ubude, Kuxhomekeka kwisilimo, kuba umzekelo, 'i-Armstrong' inokulinganisa ngaphezulu kweemitha ezili-15. Nangona kunjalo, sithetha ngomthi othe ngqo, kunye nesithsaba esenziwe ngamagqabi ajika abe bomvu njengoko amaqondo obushushu eqala ukwehla.

Acer japonicum

Yaziwa njenge Imephu emnandi yaseJapan okanye imephu »inyanga epheleleyo», Ngumthi okhula eJapan naseMzantsi Korea, ofikelela kubude obuphakathi kwe-5 kunye ne-15 yeemitha. Amagqabi asundu, ane-7-9-13 lobes enomda ocoliweyo. Musa ukudideka kunye Acer palmatum (Imephu eqhelekileyo yaseJapan), njengoko kunzima kakhulu ukuba namagqabi ane-lobes ezingaphezu kwe-7. Ewe, njengaye, wenza inkwenkwezi komnye weyona mihle yendalo ekwindla, njengoko amagqabi akhe etshintsha umbala ube bomvu okanye orenji.

I-Acer monspessulanum

Yaziwa njenge Imephu yaseMontpellier, ngumthi okhula kwingingqi yeMeditera. Ifikelela kubude be-10-15 okanye kunqabe iimitha ezingama-20. Umboko wayo uthe tye, unamaxolo amnyama angwevu. Ngokungafaniyo nezinye iintlobo, inamagqabi amancinci, malunga neesentimitha ezi-3-6, kwaye yenziwe zi-lobes ezintathu ezijika zibe bomvu ngexesha lekwindla.

acer negundo

I-American Maple, okanye i-Ash Leaf Maple Ikhula ngokukhawuleza, ifikelela kwiimitha ezili-15 ukuphakama kunye nobubanzi be 8m. Inamagqabi adityanisiweyo ama-3 ukuya kwi-5 amaphetshana e-oblong anemiphetho eneserver, eluhlaza eluhlaza kwicala elingasentla kwaye engacacanga kwicala elingaphantsi. Ekwindla unxiba ilokhwe yakhe yebhola emthubi.

i-acer opalus

El Oron njengoko ibizwa njalo, yimaphu esiza kuyifumana eYurophu, kubandakanya iSpain ne-Itali. Ifikelela kubude obuphezulu beemitha ezi-20, nangona kukho i-subspecies, i I-Acer opalus subsp garnatense, eyinzalelwane kwii-Balearic Islands (ngakumbi iSierra de Tramuntana de Mallorca), kwimpuma yeIberia Peninsula nakuMntla Afrika, ekunzima kakhulu ukudlula kwiimitha ezi-5. Ekwindla sinokonwabela amagqabi abomvu.

Acer palmatum

Imephu eqhelekileyo yaseJapan, okt Acer palmatumInezinga lokukhula kancinci, hayi izilimo, endinokukuxelela ukuba nokuba bahlala kwimozulu eshushu yeMeditera bakhula kakuhle nge-15-20cm / ngonyaka. Ihlala ifikelela kwi-5-7 yeemitha, kwaye unamagqabi e-webbed anemibala eyahlukeneyo: eluhlaza, eyahlukileyo. Ekwindla zijika zibe bomvu okanye ziorenji.

Ezona ntlobo zixhaphakileyo zezi:

  • I-Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum': Yaziwa ngokuba yimephu emfusa yesundu okanye imephu emfutshane, luhlobo olunamagqabi abomvu entwasahlobo, luhlaza okwehlobo kwaye lubomvu okanye lube newayini kwakhona ekwindla. Ifikelela kwi-5-6 yeemitha ukuphakama.
  • I-Acer palmatum 'Igazi legazi': Kuthethwe njengendidi ephuculweyo yeAtropurpureum. Ndinazo zombini, ndingakuqinisekisa. I-Bloodgood inamagqabi abomvu mnyama, kwaye inde.
  • I-Acer palmatum 'Deshojo': I-Deshojo kulula ukuyibhidanisa ne-Atropurpureum, kodwa ine-lobes ezi-5 kunye nokuphakama okuphezulu kweemitha ezi-3. Bona ifayile.
  • I-Acer palmatum 'Katsura': ziintlobo ngeentlobo zamagqabi amancinci, ngesiqhelo i-5-7 lobes, etshintsha umbala unyaka wonke: entwasahlobo ziorenji-tyheli kunye nemiphetho ebomvu; Ehlotyeni ziluhlaza kwaye ekwindla ziqaqambile orenji. Ikhula malunga ne-2 yeemitha ubude.
  • Acer palmatum 'Osakazuki': Luhlobo lwemephu yaseJapan efikelela kwiimitha ezi-5 ukuphakama, kwaye inamagqabi amancinci, ene-lobes ebomvu engama-7 entwasahlobo ngakumbi ekwindla, naluhlaza ehlotyeni. Bona ifayile.

I-Acer pseudoplatanus

El Ibhanana enkohliso ngumthi omkhulu. Ukuphakama kwayo kweemitha ezingama-30 kunye nee-8-10 zeemitha ububanzi kwenza isityalo esihle kakhulu ukuba sibe ngumzekelo odwa. kwiigadi ezinkulu. Ukukhula kwayo kuyakhawuleza, kwaye inamagqabi ane-5 eluhlaza eluhlaza, ajika abe tyheli ekwindla.

i-acer saccharum

Imephu yeswekile ngumthi omkhulu kakhulu, ukhulu kakhulu ukuba ungakhula uye kufikelela kuwo 25 mitha kwaye enobubanzi obuyi-10m. Amagqabi alula, i-palmatifid, ine-lobes ebukhali kunye ne-serrated eyi-5-7, eluhlaza ngombala, ngaphandle kwekwindla, ezijika zibe bomvu njengoko ubona kumfanekiso ongentla.

Acer saccharin

Amagama abo aqhelekileyo ngala: imephu yeswekile, imephu yesilivere, imephu yaseCanada, okanye imephu emhlophe yaseMelika. Yinzalelwane yempuma ye-United States nakwimpuma-mpuma yeKhanada, kwaye ikhula phakathi kwe-20 kunye ne-30 yeemitha, nangona inokufikelela kwiimitha ezingama-40 kwindawo yayo yendalo. Amagqabi ane-5 i-lobes ene-notch enzulu emaphethelweni, kunye nesilivere ngaphantsi. Umqadi uluhlaza, kodwa ekwindla amagqabi awo anokuba tyheli okanye abe bomvu ngakumbi kuxhomekeke kwimeko yendawo leyo.

Iarcer yerum

El Imephu ebomvu ifana kakhulu ne i-acer saccharum, Kodwa iyanyamezela amaqondo obushushu aphezulu noko angcono. Ikhula ukuya kubude beemitha ezingama-30, enobubanzi obufikelela kwi-17m. Amagqabi alula, isundu, aluhlaza ngombala, ngaphandle kwasekwindla, ajika abe bomvu ngombala obomvu.

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