Nguwuphi umahluko phakathi kwemithi ehlala iluhlaza kunye nemithi enqabileyo?

Imithi ingaba luhlaza, i-deciduous, okanye i-semi-evergreen

Kuyinyani, inokuba ngumbuzo onempendulo elula kakhulu, kodwa… yintoni umahluko phakathi komthi onqabileyo nomthi ohlala uluhlaza? Sisoloko sicinga ukuba ezangaphambili zezo zinganxibanga kwaphela ngexesha lokwindla nasebusika, kwaye le yokugqibela ihlala iluhlaza unyaka wonke nonyaka. Ewe ayisiyonyani ngokupheleleyo, kwaye kweli nqaku ndiza kuchaza ukuba kutheni.

Ukwazi indlela yokuziphatha kweentlobo zemithi esifuna ukugoduka nazo kubalulekile ukunqanda iingxaki kunye neengxaki. Kwaye enye yezona zinto zibaluleke kakhulu ekufuneka sizazi kukuba ingaba zinqabile okanye ziyahlala.

Umthi ofanelekileyo

Masiqale ngezo zinqabileyo, oko kukuthi, ziyimithi enqabileyo. KwiNtla yoMhlaba sihlala sicinga ukuba zezona ziphulukana namagqabi ekwindla, kodwa inyani yile, umzekelo, e-Afrika kukho iintlobo, ezifana ne adansonia digitata, ezilahleka ehlotyeni. Lo nto, Ichazwa njani imithi?

Ewe, ezi zityalo zezi zingenamagqabi ngexesha elithile lonyaka, nokuba kukwindla-ebusika, okanye ehlotyeni. Unobangela yimozulu: kwimimandla enemozulu epholileyo, emva kokuchitha iinyanga ezimbalwa ngamaqondo obushushu aphezulu, ezi ziqala ukuhla, kwaye zenza kakhulu kangangokuba amagqabi akakwazi ukukuthwala; Kwelinye icala, kwimimandla eyomileyo, ngexesha lasehlotyeni kunokuba shushu kakhulu kwaye kune imvula encinci okanye kungabikho kwaphela, kungoko isityalo kufuneka sithathe amanyathelo angxamisekileyo ukuba sifuna ukonga amanzi.

Imizekelo yemithi emileyo

Eminye imithi enqabileyo yile:

I-Aesculus hippocastanum (ihashe chestnut)

I-Horse Chestnut ngumthi oqaqambileyo

El chestnut ihashe ngomnye umthi omde. Ifikelela kwiimitha ezingama-30, kwaye inesithsaba esixineneyo nesibanzi. Amagqabi ayo aqulathe amaphetshana aluhlaza angama-5-7, awela ekwindla.

Ekuqaleni bevela kwiiNtaba zePindo kunye neeBalkan, ukumelana nekhephu ukuya kwi - 18ºC.

I-Acer pseudoplatanus (ibhanana engeyiyo)

Umzekelo wabantu abadala we-Acer pseudoplatanus

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Willow

El ibhanana eliyinyani Ngumthi ofikelela kwiimitha ezingama-30 ukuphakama kwaye unesithsaba esibanzi kakhulu, esenziwe ngamagqabi aluhlaza wesundu. Ikhula ngokwendalo kumbindi nakumazantsi eYurophu, ke iyayithanda imozulu enemozulu epholileyo kunye neqabaka.

Enyanisweni, iyachasa ukuya kuthi ga -18ºC Kodwa ewe, akufuneki ikhuliswe kwimozulu yetropiki okanye ekweleenjiko, kuba ifuna ukubanda ukuze ikhule kakuhle.

IAlbizia julibrissin (umnga osuka eConstantinople)

IAlbizia julibrissin ngumthi onqabileyo

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / AnRo0002

La umnga osuka eConstantinopleIkwabizwa ngokuba ngumthi wesilika okanye i-silky-flowered acacia, ngumthi ofikelela kwiimitha ezili-15 ukuphakama. Isithsaba saso sixinene, sibanzi kwaye sivulekile, senziwe ngamagqabi aluhlaza. Ngentwasahlobo ivelisa iintyatyambo ezipinki.

Ikhula endle kuMazantsi mpuma nase Mpuma yeAsia, kwaye ilinywa ngokubanzi kwiigadi kwiindawo ezinemozulu efudumeleyo. Ukumelana nengqele kunye neqabaka ukuya ku -18ºC.

Erythrina caffra (Umthi wekorale wase Mzantsi Afrika)

I-Erythrina caffra ngumthi onqabileyo

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / JMK

El Umthi wekorale wase Mzantsi Afrika Sisityalo esiphulukana namagqabi ngaphambi nje kwexesha lonyaka elomileyo ukuba imozulu iyatshisa, okanye ikwindla / ubusika ukuba ipholile. Ifikelela phakathi kwe-9 ne-12 leemitha ukuphakama, kwaye inesithsaba separasol, kunye nameva amafutshane kodwa atyebileyo kumasebe awo. Ngentwasahlobo ivelisa iintyatyambo ezibomvu.

Ekuqaleni yayivela eMzantsi Afrika, kodwa nangona kunjalo ibonakalise ukuba inomdla kakhulu kwiindawo apho isimo sezulu sipholile. Ixhasa ukuya kuthi ga kwi -7ºC ukuba zichongiwe kunye neqabaka zexesha elifutshane.

UFicus carica (umkhiwane)

Umkhiwane ngumthi onqabileyo

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / UJuan Emilio Prades Bel

La umkhiwane, okanye ukucaciswa ngakumbi, umkhiwane weMeditera, ngumthi okanye i-shrub enkulu efikelela kwi-7-8 yeemitha. Isithsaba saso sivulekile kakhulu, senziwe ngamagqabi ane-3-7 lobes. Ngexesha lasehlotyeni ivelisa iziqhamo ezityiwayo, amakhiwane, anencasa eswiti.

Inzalelwane kumazantsi-ntshona eAsia, kodwa kwingingqi yeMeditera (empuma nakumazantsi eIberia Peninsula, nakwiziqithi zeBalearic) iye yenziwa ukuba ibe yeyendalo kwaye ilinywe kakhulu kangangokuba kunokuthiwa iyafana yezo ndawo. Imelana kakuhle neqabaka ukuya kuthi ga kwi-7ºC, kunye nembalela.

Imithi ehlala iluhlaza

I-evergreens, ihlala iluhlaza, yezo zihlala zinamagqabi. Kodwa lumka, oku akuthethi ukuba uhlala unazo ezifanayo. Inyaniso, Kuwo wonke unyaka uya kuphulukana nazo njengoko ziphuma kwintsha. Ngesi sizathu, ngamanye amaxesha ayisiyonto ilungileyo ukubeka iintlobo ezingapheliyo kufutshane namachibi okudada, kuba anokugqibela ngokungcolisa nangaphezulu kokudanisa.

Imizekelo yemithi ehlala iluhlaza

Ezinye zihlala ziluhlaza zezi:

I-Acacia saligna (ngomthi oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka)

Jonga i-Acacia saligna

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Anna Anichkova

I-acacia eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngumthi okanye umthi omncinci omalunga ne-3 ukuya kwi-8 yeemitha ukuphakama unesithsaba esinamagqabi kakhulu, kunye namasebe axhonyiweyo anika imbonakalo yokulila kakhulu. Amagqabi amgcana, aluhlaza mnyama. Ngentwasahlobo igcwalisa ngenani elikhulu leentyatyambo ezityheli.

Yinzalelwane yaseOstreliya, kwaye ikhula kakuhle kwimozulu eshushu nefudumeleyo, ene Iqabaka ukuya ku -7ºC.

ICeratonia siliqua (umthi wecarob)

Umthi weCarob endle

El umthi wecarob Ngumthi onokufikelela kwiimitha ezili-10, kodwa ngokubanzi awudluli kwiimitha ezi-5-6. Isithsaba sayo sinamasebe amakhulu, kwaye sivelisa amagqabi aluhlaza amnyama. Iyatyatyamba entwasahlobo, kwaye iziqhamo zayo ziimbotyi zecarob okanye iimbotyi ze carob, ezingezizo ezomdumba wesikhumba. Ngaphakathi kukho iimbewu, ezikhuselweyo yiperm gummy etyiwayo.

Ikhula ngokwendalo kwiBedin Basin, kwaye ixhathisa iqabaka ukuya -7ºC. Kwaye imbalela ayiyenzakalisi.

I-reticulata yecitrus (Mandarin)

Isi-Mandarin ngumthi omncinci

Kubalulekile ukuba ucacise ukuba zonke iziqhamo ze-citrus zihlala ziluhlaza, kodwa kolu luhlu sishiyeke ne-mandarin kuba ilungile kakhulu kwizitiya ezincinci kunye neembiza. Ifikelela phakathi kweemitha ezi-2 ukuya kwezi-6 ukuphakama, kwaye isithsaba sayo sishinyene kodwa singenameva. Amagqabi aluhlaza mnyama kwicala elingasentla kwaye akhaphukhaphu ngaphantsi. Ngentwasahlobo iintyatyambo zayo ezincinci nezinevumba elimhlophe ziyadubula, kwaye ngasehlotyeni iziqhamo zazo zigqiba ukuvuthwa, ezirhangqwe, zinolusu lweorenji kunye nomgubo wamanzi okanye amacandelo.

Umthonyama kwiiPhilippines nakwi-Southeast Asia, ngumthi ofanelekileyo ukukhula kwiindawo ezishushu, apho kunokwenzeka ukuba kuneqabaka, ezi ukuya ku -7ºC.

I-Cupressus lusitanica (Umsedare waseSan Juan)

Jonga i-Cupressus lusitanica

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / uSergio Kasusky kwiFlickr

Umsedare waseSan Juan yiconcifer efikelela kwiimitha ezingama-30 ukuya kuma-40 ukuphakama, nesiqu esithe nkqo nesityebileyo ukuya kuthi ga kwiimitha ezi-2 ububanzi. Ivelisa isithsaba esidibeneyo, sinamagqabi aluhlaza. Uvelisa isiqhamo ukusuka ehlotyeni kuye ebusika.

Imvelaphi yayo isuka eMexico iye kuMbindi Merika, ke ihlala kubunewunewu obushushu kwaye, ikwakhona Iqabaka ukuya ku -7ºC.

UPinus nigra (ipineyini emnyama)

I-Pinus nigra yi-conifer ekhula ngokukhawuleza

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Jclopezalmansa

Ipayini emnyama, ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-salgareño pine okanye ipine emnyama, yi-conifer ekhula iye kubude obuphezulu beemitha ezingama-55, nangona eyona ixhaphakileyo kukuba ayigqithi kwiimitha ezingama-20. Amagqabi ayo acala, made, kwaye aluhlaza ocacileyo. Sivelisa iipinapile ezincinci ukusuka ngasekupheleni kwentwasahlobo ukuya ekuqaleni kwehlobo.

Umthonyama eYurophu, eAsia Minor nakwiiNtaba zeAtlas (eMantla eAfrika), ngumthi omkhulu lowo ixhathisa iqabaka ukuya -18ºC.

Imithi enqabileyo okanye enesiqingatha esihlala iluhlaza

Ukwenza izinto nzima nangakumbi, kukho ezinye iintlobo zemithi ezingalinganiyo kudidi oluhlala luhlaza okanye olunqabileyo, kodwa lunezazo. Zizo-semi-deciduous, okanye semi-perennial, kuxhomekeke kwinto ofuna ukuyibiza. Bona alahlekelwe ngamagqabi ngexesha elithile lonyaka, kuxhomekeke kwimozulu okanye uhlobo lwayo.

Ke, umzekelo, Brachychiton populneus ithanda ukuphuma ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi kwesiqingatha samagqabi ayo ebusika iiveki ezimbalwa, ngaphambi kokuba idubule. Kukho ezinye, ezinje ngeDelonix, ethi nangona zihlala ziluhlaza kwindawo ezinemozulu efumileyo, apho kukho imbalela ethe kratya okanye kuyabanda, ziziphatha ngokungathi zinemiqobo.

Imizekelo yemithi enesiqingatha semithi eqinileyo

I-Acer sempervirens

I-Acer sempervirens ngumthi ohlala eYurophu

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Lathiot

El I-Acer sempervirens Ngumthi ofikelela kwiimitha ezili-10 zeemitha, nesiqu esimalunga nobubanzi obumalunga neesentimitha ezingama-50 Amagqabi alula okanye atshontsho, aluhlaza ocacileyo aluhlaza, kwaye amancinci, angabi ngaphezulu kweesentimitha ezi-4 ubude. Iintyatyambo zazo zincinci, ziluhlaza-tyheli, ziyajinga kwaye ziyahluma entwasahlobo.

Ikhula kumazantsi-ntshona eYurophu kunye nasentshona-ntshona yeAsia, iyenza ibe yenye yezona ntlobo zeemephu zifanelekileyo kwimozulu eshushu nesomileyo. Inqaba ukuya kwi -18ºC. Ingaziphatha njengokuhlala kushushu kwaye kufume ngakumbi imozulu.

Brachychiton populneus (umthi webhotile)

I-Brachychiton populneus ngumthi ohlala uluhlaza

Umfanekiso -Flickr / John Tann

El umthi webhotile Ngumthi ofikelela kwi-10-12 yeemitha ukuphakama, nesiqu esithe nkqo kwaye esingqindilili kakhulu (inokulinganisa malunga neesentimitha ezingama-30 ukuya kuma-40). Isithsaba saso sigcwele lanceolate ukuya kumagqabi e-ovate-lanceolate, luhlaza oqaqambileyo kumphezulu ophezulu kwaye kumnyama emazantsi. Ezi zinto zinokuwela ebusika ngokuyinxenye. Ngexesha lentwasahlobo, ivelisa iintyatyambo ezincinci ezibomvu.

Indalo yase-Australia, sisityalo esithi Iyayichasa imbalela kunye neqabaka kakuhle kakhulu ukuya kwi -7ºC.

idelonix yasebukhosini (iflamboyan)

IFlamboyan ngumthi ohlala uluhlaza okanye umthi ovuthiweyo

Umfanekiso -Flickr / er Guiri

El ngomsindo Ngumthi ofikelela kwiimitha ezili-12 ukuphakama, kwaye unesithsaba separasol esenziwe ngamagqabi e-pinnate. Luhlobo olunomtsalane kakhulu, kuba entwasahlobo ivelisa iintyatyambo ezimalunga neesentimitha ezisi-8 ubude, obomvu okanye orenji.

Indawo yokuhlala yendalo lihlathi elomileyo laseMadagascar, kungoko kucingelwa ukuba liyadlula; Nangona kunjalo, kwimozulu engarhabaxa inokuphulukana namahlamvu ayo. Kwimeko yemozulu enethropikhi, eyona nto iqhelekileyo kukuba iziphathe njengokuhlala ixesha elide. Musa ukumelana iqabaka.

Ulmus parvifolia (I-Chinese elm)

I-elm yamaTshayina ihlala iluhlaza

El I-chinese elm ngumthi ofikelela kwiimitha ezingama-20. Inesithsaba esigcwele amagqabi amancinci, alula kunye nelinye, aluhlaza ngombala. Iqhakaza ngasekupheleni kwehlobo, ivelisa amancinci kakhulu, aluhlaza, okanye amhlophe okanye bomvu umbala obomvu.

Imvelaphi yayo ise China, Japan, Korea (zombini emaNtla nase Mzantsi) nase Vietnam. Inqaba ukuya kwi -18ºC.

Ngaba uyazi umahluko phakathi kwemithi eluhlaza kunye nehlala iluhlaza?


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  1.   imak sitsho

    Ndilithandile eli nqaku malunga nezinto esicinga ukuba ziyinyani kodwa zilolunye uhlobo lokuphendula kwaye lo mbhalo ubonakalisa ngokucacileyo