Zingaphi iintlobo zeebromeliad ezikhoyo?

Zingaphi iintlobo zeebromeliad ezikhoyo?

Njengomthandi olungileyo wezityalo kunye neentyatyambo, ngokuqinisekileyo sele uyazi ukuba kukho inani elikhulu iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zebromeliads. Nganye kuzo yahlukile kwaye isivumela ukuba sibuxabise ubuhle beentyatyambo zayo ngendlela eyahluke kancinane kwezinye.

Ukuze ufumane i-bromeliad eyona ilungele ukuthanda kwakho, ngeli xesha siza kuthetha nawe malunga neentlobo eziphawulekayo kwaye siza kubonisa iimpawu zabo eziphambili.

Iimpawu eziqhelekileyo zeBromeliad

iimpawu eziqhelekileyo ze-bromeliads.

I-Bromeliads zezosapho lwe-Bromeliaceae, elenziwe zintlobo ezingaphezu kwama-3.000 kunye neentlobo ezimalunga nama-56. Ezinye njengoko zithandwa njenge iAkemeya, iAnanas, iNeoregalia, iTillandsia neGuzmania.

Zizityalo ukusuka kwindawo yetropiki kunye ne-subtropical zone yelizwekazi laseMelika, apho sinokuzifumana kwindawo yazo yendalo ukusuka kumazantsi eMelika ukuya eArgentina. Ezinye iintlobo zikhula kumahlathi ashinyeneyo, ngelixa ezinye ziyakwazi ukuphila kwiindawo ezomileyo nakwindawo eziphakamileyo.

Uninzi lweentlobo ze-bromeliads zi-epiphytes, ezithikwaye kuthetha ukuba banokukhula ngaphandle kokufaka iingcambu zabo emhlabeni. Ukufumana izondlo kunye namanzi ngokuthe ngqo kwiziqu zemithi kunye namatye apho iingcambu zawo zibambelela khona.

Nangona imilo inokutshintsha ukusuka kolunye uhlobo ukuya kwenye, iqhelekile kwi bromeliads Badala kunye namagqabi abo uhlobo lwekomityi ephakathi ebizwa "urn" o "itanki". Esi sakhiwo sigcina amanzi emvula.

Ukuba i-bromeliads iyaziwa ngento ethile, kungenxa yombala omhle nomangalisayo weentyatyambo zayo. Ezinye iintlobo zivelisa iibracts ezimibalabala ezinokuba nomtsalane ngakumbi kuneentyatyambo ngokwazo.

Nangona ngokusisiseko ukulinywa kwayo kuhombisa, Kukho iindidi zeebromeliads ezifana ne-Ananas (iphayinapile) ezityiwayo kwaye zilinywe ngokuchanekileyo ukurhweba ngeziqhamo zazo.

Ngokubanzi, i-bromeliads iyaxhathisa kwaye izityalo eziguquguqukayo kakhulu. Ukukwazi ukuhlala kunye nokuphuhlisa ngokugqibeleleyo kwiindawo zokuhlala ezahlukeneyo.

Iintlobo ezidumileyo zebromeliad

Ziziphi iintlobo zebromeliad ezikhoyo?

Kukho iintlobo ezininzi ezingenakukwazi ukukhankanya zonke, ngoko ngeli xesha siza kugxininisa kwizinto ezithandwa kakhulu, ezona zilula ukukhula kwintsimi okanye embizeni.

IGuzmania

IGuzmania luhlobo lwe bromeliad ixatyiswe kakhulu ngenkangeleko yayo enomtsalane kunye nokukwazi ukongeza umbala kunye nobuhle kwiindawo zangaphakathi, kuba inika iziphumo ezilungileyo kakhulu njengesityalo sangaphakathi.

Ezi mpawu zayo eziphambili:

  • AmaSpredishithi. Zinde kwaye zibhityile, kwaye zinokuba ne-arched shape. Umbala wabo oqhelekileyo uluhlaza oqaqambileyo, kodwa banokuthatha iithoni ezibomvu okanye ezipinki, kwaye kwezinye iimeko banamabala okanye imivimbo.
  • Inflorescence. Iintyatyambo zayo ziphuma embindini werosette yamagqabi ngendlela emile okwespike eyilwe ziibracts ezimibalabala ezingqonge iintyatyambo ngokwazo. Iintyatyambo zayo zincinci kwaye zihlala zimhlophe okanye zityheli.
  • Ixesha leentyatyambo. Olu didi lwebromeliad luxatyiswa kakhulu kuba ukudubula kweentyatyambo kunokuhlala iiveki ezininzi, nokuba ziinyanga ukuba isityalo sikwindawo efanelekileyo ngokwemeko yokufuma kunye nobushushu.

Neoregelia

I-Neoregelia ivelele ngamagqabi ayo amangalisayo kwaye yiba nepateni yokukhula engaphandle kancinane kweqhelekileyo. Ukuyahlula kwezinye iintlobo ze-bromeliad, nikela ingqalelo kwezi mpawu:

  • AmaSpredishithi. Amagqabi alolu hlobo abanzi, athambileyo, kwaye ahlelwe ngendlela ye-rosette. Uphawu olubenza bahluke kukuba ngokuqhelekileyo banemibala kwiitoni eziqaqambileyo ezifana nobomvu, opinki, orenji okanye omfusa. Njengomdla wokwazi, amagqabi atshintsha umbala kanye ngaphambi kokuba adubule.
  • Inflorescence. Njengezinye i-bromeliads, kwimeko ye-Neoregalia i-inflorescence iphuma embindini we-rosette eyenziwe ngamagqabi. Iibracts zivela malunga neentyatyambo ezincinci ezihlala zimhlophe okanye zityheli. Le ngenye yeemeko ze-bromeliads apho amaqabunga athandeka ngakumbi kuneentyatyambo ngokwazo.
  • Ixesha leentyatyambo. Iintyatyambo zinokuhlala iiveki ezininzi.

Thilandsia

IThilandsia, ibromeliad yekhaya.

I-Thilandsia okanye iTillandsia yi isityalo se-epiphytic okanye isityalo esisemoyeni, loo nto ayifuni umhlaba ukuze ukhule. Nangona ibonakala ithambile kwaye intsonkothile, inyaniso ikukuba kunokuba lula ukuyinyamekela.

Ezi zezona mpawu zibalulekileyo zomzimba:

  • AmaSpredishithi. Amagqabi ale ntlobo ze-bromeliad zincinci, zincinci, kwaye zihlala zisasazwa kwiirosettes okanye kwi-spirals. Ezinye iintlobo zinamagqabi abhityileyo kwaye abhetyebhetye, kodwa sinokufumana iTillandsias enamagqabi angqingqwa kwaye aqinile.
  • Inflorescence. Iintyatyambo zolu didi zibonakaliswe kakhulu, kunye ne-spike, i-panicle, okanye i-bract ephuma embindini we-rosette yamagqabi (kuxhomekeke kwiindidi). Kuzo kuvela iintyatyambo, ezincinci kwaye zinemibala eqaqambileyo efana nepinki okanye emfusa, nangona kukho ezityheli nezimhlophe.
  • Ubude bentyatyambo. Iintyatyambo zaseThilandsia zikhawuleza kakhulu. Ngokuxhomekeke kwiintlobo zazo kunye neemeko zokukhula, iintyatyambo zinokuphila naphi na ukusuka kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ukuya kwiiveki ezininzi.

IVriesea

IVriesea yiyo ibromeliad ekulula ukukhathalela kwaye ihambelana kakuhle nokuhlala ngaphakathi, okwenze ukuba idume kakhulu phakathi kwabathandi bezityalo zokuhombisa.

Phakathi kweempawu zayo zomzimba sinokugqamisa:

  • AmaSpredishithi. Zibanzi, zincinci kwaye zicwangciswe kwi-rosette shape. Ngombala ovela kuluhlaza obumnyama ukuya kumathoni alula, nangona ezinye iintlobo zinokuba namanqaku okanye iibhanti kumagqabi.
  • Inflorescence. Ukusuka embindini werosette yamagqabi kuvela ispigot emide enebracts ejikeleze iintyatyambo.
  • Ubude bentyatyambo. Iintyatyambo zomntu ngamnye zinokuhlala iiveki ezininzi, kodwa i-inflorescence iyonke inokuhlala ikwimeko entle ixesha elide.

I-Aechmea

Ngaphakathi kweAechmea Sifumana iintlobo ngeentlobo zeentlobo kunye neentlobo, ezinye zithandwa njengebromeliad yesilivere. Nangona nganye ineempawu ezizodwa, babelana ngothotho lweempawu ezifanayo:

  • AmaSpredishithi. Ngokuqhelekileyo benza i-basal rosette kwaye imilo yabo ithande ukuba banzi, i-lanceolate okanye i-spiny, kuxhomekeke kwiintlobo. Kwezinye iimeko banokubonisa iipateni zokuhombisa ezifana namabala okanye iibhendi.
  • Inflorescence. Iphuma embindini werosette yamagqabi, mhlawumbi nge-spike emide okanye i-compact cluster.
  • Ixesha leentyatyambo. Intyatyambo nganye imile okwe-tubular kwaye inokuba nombala ukusuka kumhlophe kunye notyheli ukuya kupinki, orenji okanye obomvu. Ukuhlala iiveki ezininzi.

Kukho amawaka eentlobo ze-bromeliads, kodwa ezi sizinike zona zilungele ukukhula ekhaya. Unesibindi sokuzibeka ebomini bakho kwaye ujabulele bonke ubuhle babo.


Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.