I-Alibertia edulis okanye i-puruí, umthi wetropiki

I-Alibertia edulis okanye i-puruí, umthi wetropiki

Ngesi sihlandlo sifuna ukuthetha nawe malunga nomthi omhle nobalulekileyo wetropiki, i alibertia edulis, ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-puruí. Udidi lwe-Rubiaceae lusapho, olunokuthi luhlelwe njengemithi kunye nesihlahla.

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi apho uvela khona, indawo ohlala kuyo, nokuba unjani na ngokwasemzimbeni, qhubeka ufunda ukuze uphendule nayiphi na imibuzo osenokuba unayo ngale mithi mihle.

Imvelaphi kunye nendawo yokuhlala yendalo ye-alibertia edulis

Esi sisityalo esiyinzalelwane eMzantsi Melika, ngakumbi kwiindawo ezishushu kunye neendawo ezishushu zaseBrazil. Njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili, Yeyosapho lweRubiaceae, ebandakanya iintlobo ngeentlobo izityalo ezineentyatyambo.

I-puruí ikhula endle kwihlathi elitshisayo kunye namahlathi afumileyo, apho unokufumana imihlaba ecebileyo kwizinto eziphilayo kunye nomthamo omhle wokukhupha amanzi. Ikhetha iindawo ezinezinga eliphezulu lokufuma nokufumana ukukhanya kwelanga okuhluziweyo.

Ukongeza kubuhle bayo, i-alibertia edulis Ixatyiswa kakhulu ngeziqhamo zayo ezityiwayo, ezinencasa phakathi kweswiti kunye neasidi. Kwaye kwezinye iindawo zemveli ikwasetyenziselwa iinjongo zonyango.

Iimpawu zomzimba ze-alibertia edulis

Iimpawu ezibonakalayo esiza kuzichaza ziya kukunceda ngokukhawuleza ukuba ubukho be-puruí okanye omnye umthi wetropiki. Nika ingqalelo koku kulandelayo:

Ubukhulu

Abanye bahlula esi sityalo njengomthi kwaye abanye njenge-shrub, kuba inokuba yincinci okanye ibe nkulu ngokuxhomekeke kwimo engqongileyo kunye neemeko ezivezwe kuzo. Kodwa Inokufikelela kwiimitha ezintandathu ubude.

Amagqabi

Amaqabunga e-puruí achasene, alula, kwaye anokuba yi-elliptical okanye i-oval shape. Ngokuqhelekileyo, balinganisa phakathi kweesentimitha ezintlanu kunye ne-15 ubude, kwaye Kuzo sinokujonga incam ebukhali kunye neencam ezipheleleyo.

Phezulu, amagqabi aluhlaza obumnyama obumenyezelayo, ngelixa umzantsi ukhaphukhaphu kwaye udla ngokubonisa iiprotuberances ezincinci.

Flores

Nangona zincinci ngobungakanani, iintyatyambo ze-alibertia edulis zinenkangeleko ethambileyo etsala umdla. Zimhlophe kwaye zenziwe ngamagqabi amahlanu kunye ne-corolla ye-tubular, ene- ivumba elimnandi elitsala i-pollinators.

I-inflorescence i-axillary, oku kuthetha ukuba kwi-axil yeqabunga le-node nganye yokuzala, kwaye ngokungafaniyo, i-floral bouquet ibonakala. Kule meko, iintyatyambo zivela zodwa okanye ngamaqela amancinci.

I-puruí ayikho kwintsapho yezityalo ze-dioecious. Akukho mizekelo yamadoda nabasetyhini, kodwa iintyatyambo zayo ziyi-hermaphroditic. Nganye kuzo iqulathe izitho zokuzala amadoda nabasetyhini, ngoko Isityalo sinokuzichumisa ngokwaso.

Iziqhamo

Iintyatyambo ezichumileyo zithatha indawo kwinkangeleko yeziqhamo, ezinye Iidrupe ezingqukuva okanye ezimbhoxo ezinokulinganisa ukuya kuthi ga kwiisentimitha ezintathu ububanzi.

Iziqhamo ze-albertia edulis ziluhlaza xa zizalwa, kwaye Zijika zibe orenji kwaye zibetyheli njengoko zikhula.

Ziziqhamo ezityiwayo ezixatyiswa kakhulu ngencasa yazo ehlaziyayo ekrakrayo kunye nencindi yencindi. Zinokutyiwa zintsha okanye zisetyenziselwa ukwenza ijusi kunye nejam.

Ngaphakathi kwesiqhamo ngasinye Kukho iimbewu ezininzi ezinegalelo ekusasazweni kolu hlobo.

Amaxolo kunye namasebe

Ixolo lalo mthi linombala omdaka okhanyayo onokubonisa ukuchukumisa okuthile okungwevu. Kweyona mizekelo incinci igudile, ngelixa ingaphakathi Kwimithi emidala kuqhelekile ukujonga ubukho beentanda kunye noburhabaxa.

Ngokuphathelele amasebe, ahlala ebhityile kwaye aguquguqukayo, anombala ofana kakhulu nexolo. Lo ngumthi othanda ukuphuhlisa isithsaba esijikelezileyo okanye esingaqhelekanga, esinamasebe amaninzi aphuma kwisiqu esikhulu.

Luluphi ukhathalelo olufunwa yi-alibertia edulis?

Ukuze lo mthi ukhule kwiimeko ezilungileyo, kufuneka ube sesichengeni kwezi meko:

eLuzi

Sisityalo esikhula kakuhle kwiimeko zelanga ezithe ngqo okanye ezingaphelelanga. Ngokufanelekileyo, kufuneka ibekwe kwindawo apho ifumana phakathi kwezine kunye iiyure ezintandathu zokukhanya kwelanga ngqo.

Umgangatho

Eyona substrate ifanelekileyo kolu didi lwendidi yileyo ine-pH ene-acidic kancinane kunye nomthamo olungileyo wokukhupha amanzi. Nangona izityalo zaseTropiki zikuthanda ngokwenene ukufuma okungqongileyo, Abazinyamezeli iingcambu zabo ukuba zimanzi kakhulu, ekubeni zinokubola.

Unkcenkceshelo

Olu ludidi olunokunyamezela okuphakathi kwimbalela xa sele lusekiwe endle, kodwa luthini Kwenza kakuhle kakhulu ukunkcenkceshelwa rhoqo ngexesha elishushu enyakeni.

Ukunkcenkceshela kufuneka kube nzulu xa umaleko ongaphezulu wesubstrate womile, kodwa ungabi namanzi.

Ukuchumisa kwe-alibertia edulis

Ukuba umhlaba okuwo umthi utyebile kwizondlo, akukho mfuneko yakuzikhathaza ngokuchumisa. Ngokuphambene noko, ukuba i-substrate yezondlo-zondlo, ngoko kuyacetyiswa ukuba uchume kanye ngonyaka ngexesha lentwasahlobo. Kuba Ungasebenzisa isichumiso esithile kwimithi yeziqhamo. Oku kuya kuba ngaphezu kokwaneleyo ukuba ikhule yomelele kwaye ibe sempilweni.

Ukuthena

Njengoko sibonile ngaphambili, olu hlobo lunokufikelela kwiimitha ezintandathu ukuphakama, ngoko ke ukuthena kuya kukunceda ukulawula ukukhula kwayo.

Kwakhona Kuyacetyiswa ukuba uthene ngamaxesha athile ukunika imilo efunekayo kwisithsaba kunye nokuphelisa amasebe anokuthi afile okanye abonise naziphi na iimpawu zesifo okanye umonakalo.

Ukukhuselwa kwiqabaka

Nangona imvelaphi yayo yetropikhi, olu hlobo luyakwazi ukunyamezela amaqondo obushushu aphantsi ukuya kumlinganiselo othile. Into engayixhasiyo ziiqabaka eziqatha. Ke ngoko, ukuba unayo kwindawo enobusika obunzima, Kungcono ukugquma umthi ngesaka okanye iplastiki. kwaye usebenzise umaleko we-mulch ejikeleze isiqu.

Usasazeko

Ukuba ufuna ukuba nemithi ye-puruí eninzi, unokutshala imbewu kwi-substrate emanzi kunye nendawo efudumeleyo. Enye inketho kukuthatha ukusika kwiziqu kunye uzibeke kwiingcambu kwi-substrate esemgangathweni.

Ukuba ulandela olu khathalelo, i-alibertia edulis iya kukhula isempilweni, ikuvumela ukuba ukonwabele ubuhle bayo kunye neziqhamo ezimnandi.


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