Saxegothaea conspicua okanye female mañío

Saxegothaea conspicua okanye female mañío

Ngaphandle kwegama layo ekunzima ukulibiza nokulibhala, i saxegothaea conspicua Luhlobo oluxatyiswa kakhulu kwezo ndawo lukhula kuzo endle. Ngaphantsi kweli gama into esiyifumanayo yi-conifer eqhelekileyo kummandla osemazantsi-ntshona eMzantsi Melika.

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi ngakumbi ngolu hlobo, qhubeka ufunda kwaye ufumane zonke iimpawu ezinomdla zalo mthi kunye nezinto ezinomdla.

Iyintoni indawo yemvelaphi kunye nendawo yokuhlala yendalo yalo mthi?

Sithetha nge-conifer yentsapho yasePodocarpaceae, evela kumzantsi-ntshona woMzantsi Merika. Ikwaziwa ngokuba ngumsipres waseGuaitecas, ngumthi Inzalelwane kummandla osemazantsi eChile, apho ikhula kumahlathi afumileyo akwiiNtaba zeAndes. Kodwa ntoni Ikwanwenwele nakweminye imimandla efana neArgentina, apho kuqhelekile ukuva kuthiwa yiPrince Albert cypress. Elinye igama lesiteketiso elaziwa ngalo olu hlobo, ngakumbi eChile, yimazi mañío.

Luhlobo olukhula kakuhle kwimihlaba efumileyo enesakhono sokukhupha amanzi kakuhle, kwaye ikhula ngcono kwiindawo ezinezinga eliphezulu lemvula kunye nokufuma okuthe rhoqo okusemoyeni. Ngoko ixhaphakile kwiindawo eziphakamileyo nakwiintlambo zeentaba.

Iimpawu zomzimba ze-saxegothaea conspicua

Iimpawu zomzimba ze-saxegothaea conspicua

Apha unoluhlu lweempawu ezahlukileyo eziya kukunceda unqume ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo ukuba uphambi komthi wolu hlobo.

Ukuphakama

Le conifer iphakathi ngobukhulu, kwaye inokufikelela kwimilinganiselo phakathi kwe-25 kunye ne-30 yeemitha ukuphakama. Ukugcina kuyo nayiphi na imeko i-conical kunye ne-pyramidal shape ngokusekelwe kwisithsaba esishinyeneyo kunye namasebe anqamlezileyo asuka kwisiqu esikhulu.

ICortex

Nanjengoko ingengomthi omkhulu ngokugqithisileyo, isiqu sawo asidli ngokukhula kakhulu, kwaye sikholisa ukulinganisa malunga nemitha enye ububanzi.

Ixolo lalo lintsundu ngokuntsundu, lirhabaxa, linexolo eliye lijiye njengokuba i-conifer iguga. Oku kubangela inkuni exhathisa ngokufanelekileyo., esetyenziswa kwizicelo zangaphakathi nangaphandle.

Amagqabi

Amagqabi e-saxegothaea conspicua anenkangeleko eqhelekileyo yeeconifers. Zinamaxolo kwaye zicwangciswe ngokujikekileyo zijikeleze amasetyana. Umbala wayo uluhlaza obumnyama kunye nokuchukumisa okuqaqambileyo phezulu. kwaye kancinci apha emazantsi.

Bangamagqabi aluhlaza, ngoko kunokwenzeka ukuxabisa amagqabi alo mthi unyaka wonke.

Iicones zenkunzi nemazi

Iicones zenkunzi nemazi

IiConifers azivelisi ntyatyambo, kodwa zivelisa ngokuthe ngqo iicones okanye iicones ezinembewu. Yimithi ye-dioecious, into ethetha ukuba kukho imizekelo yamadoda nabasetyhini.

  • Iicones zamadoda. Zincinci kwaye zinde, zimdaka ngombala. Ukukhula kwawo kwenzeka ngokwamaqela kumasebe asezantsi omthi, kwaye anoxanduva lokukhulula umungu othuthwa ngumoya kwiicones zabasetyhini ukuze baqhubele phambili ukuchumisa.
  • iicones zabasetyhini. Makhulu kwaye angqukuva ngakumbi kuneenkunzi. Ziqala zibe luhlaza kwaye zibe mdaka xa zikhula. Ngaphakathi kuzo kukho imbewu, ejikelezwe ngumaleko wezicubu ezinamaphiko ezivumela ukuba zisasazwe lula ngumoya. Yakuba imbewu ikhulile, iicones zemazi ziyavula zize zikhuphe imbewu.

Ilifa

Iingcambu zemazi ye-mañío zihlala zingekho nzulu, kodwa zinamandla amakhulu okukhula ukuze zikhangele amanzi kunye nezondlo emhlabeni. Kunjalo ngoba, Lo mthi usesichengeni sokuwa xa ukwimihlaba ezele ngamanzi. okanye kumathambeka amanqam kakhulu.

Ixesha elide

Enye yeempawu ezibalaseleyo zolu hlobo kukuba inokuphila amakhulu eminyaka kwiimeko ezifanelekileyo. Hayi ukuba ngumthi okhula ngokukhawuleza, zingaphila ixesha elide kunezinye iintlobo.

Madera

Iinkuni zalo mthi zixatyiswa kakhulu ngenxa yezi zinto zilandelayo:

  • Umbala kunye nenkangeleko. Inombala ophakathi kwepinki kunye nombala obomvu obomvu okwenza ibe nomtsalane kakhulu. Yaye iinkozo zayo ezintle, ezifanayo zinegalelo kubuhle bayo.
  • Ubuninzi kunye nokuqina. Lukhuni oluxhathisayo oluchasene nokuwohloka okunokuthi kubangele ukungunda, izinambuzane kunye neemeko ezimbi zokusingqongileyo. Ngoko ke, ilungele ngokukodwa ukusetyenziswa kwangaphandle kunye nokusetyenziswa kwesakhiwo.
  • Uzinzo lweDimensional. Iyakhula kwaye ifinyeze kancinane ukuba kukho utshintsho kumswakama kunye namaqondo obushushu, kodwa izinzile ngokomlinganiselo xa kuthelekiswa nezinye iintlobo zemithi.

Iimeko zokuphuhlisa i-saxegothaea conspicua

Iimeko zokuphuhlisa i-saxegothaea conspicua

Olu hlobo lukhula kwiimeko zemozulu ezithe ngqo ezenzeka kumahlathi afumileyo aseChile naseArgentina, kwaye zezi zilandelayo:

sezulu

Ludidi olukhetha imozulu epholileyo nefumileyo, apho amaqondo obushushu angagodoli kakhulu okanye afudumale. Ngaphandle koko, kufuneka ibe kwindawo apho izinga lemvula lonyaka liphezulu kwaye isasazwe kakuhle.

Umgangatho

I-Saxegothaea conspicua ikhula kakuhle kumhlaba otsalwe kakuhle kunye ne-organic matter eyaneleyo ukuwenza uchume. Nangona iyakwazi ukuziqhelanisa nezinye iintlobo zemihlaba, Ikhula ngcono kwabo bane pH eneasidi.

Ukufuma

Olu luhlobo oludinga ubushushu obuninzi be-ambient ukuze lukhule kakuhle. Into ebaluleke ngakumbi kwiminyaka yabo yokuqala yokukhula, ekubeni ngelo xesha umthi uziva uchuku kakhulu kwimbalela.

Indawo efanelekileyo yemazi ye-mañío yileyo kukho inkungu kunye nokufuma okuphezulu kwe-atmospheric phantse unyaka wonke.

eLuzi

Iyakwazi ukumelana nomthunzi othile, kodwa ngokufanelekileyo inokukhula kwindawo apho ifumana ukukhanya okuthe ngqo okanye okungaphelelanga kwelanga ixesha elininzi losuku. Kwaye oku ikhuthaza ukukhula okunempilo kunye nesakhiwo somthi esilinganayo, ukwamkela imilo ye-conifer yakudala.

Umoya

Njengoko iingcambu zayo zingekho nzulu kakhulu, ihlala ibonakaliswe kumngcipheko othile wokuwa. Umngcipheko owehlayo xa ukhula kwiindawo ezikhuselweyo kumoya ovuthuza ngamandla, njengamathambeka athambileyo.

Ukuphakama

Idla ngokukhula kumphakamo ophakathi kwe-100 kunye ne-1.000 leemitha ngaphezu komphakamo wolwandle. Inokuphuhlisa kwiindawo eziphakamileyo, kodwa Ezona meko zinzima ekufuneka zinyamezele kwezo ndawo ziphakamileyo zinokuchaphazela kakubi ekukhuleni nasekuphileni kwabo.

I-Saxegothaea conspicua yi-conifer ekhula ngeyona ndlela yasendle kwindawo yayo yendalo, ngaloo ndlela inegalelo kugcino lwe-ecosystem. Ubumazi?


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