Iimpawu zeCtenanthe oppenheimiana

I-Ctenanthe-oppenheimiana-ikhava

I-Ctenanthe oppenheimiana sisityalo esihlala siluhlaza esihlala sihlala kumahlathi ashinyeneyo akuMbindi noMzantsi Melika. Sisityalo sangaphakathi esithandwa kakhulu, ngenxa yamahlamvu ayo anomtsalane, aneepateni ezimangalisayo kumagqabi awo, kunye nemibala eyahluka ukusuka kumbala opinki, omhlophe, oluhlaza okhanyayo kunye noluhlaza obumnyama.

Zizityalo zommandla wokukhanya okuphantsi, Ilungele abantu abaneefestile ezimbalwa kwaye bafuna ukuhombisa ingaphakathi ngezityalo ezibetha kakhulu. Ngenxa yokuba zizityalo ezibukekayo kakhulu, ziyacelwa ukuba zihombise ingaphakathi lekhaya okanye iofisi.

Esi sityalo esomeleleyo sinokuziqhelanisa neentlobo ngeentlobo zeemeko zangaphakathi kwaye saziwa ngokuqina kwaso kunye neemfuno zokugcinwa okuphantsi. Ukuba ukhathalelwe ngokufanelekileyo, Ctenanthe oppenheimiana ingakhula kwaye idale imeko-bume echumileyo, enempilo kuyo nayiphi na imeko-bume.

Umtsalane omkhulu obenza bahluke kukuba bahlala besonga Amagqabi awo ebusuku ngokungathi ayathandaza yaye avulwe emini. Lo mcimbi waziwa ngokuba yi-photonasty, eyintshukumo ekhethekileyo kakhulu eqhutywa zii-pigments ezimbini ezibuthathaka kakhulu ekukhanyeni kwisityalo.

Into eyenzekayo kukuba inelungu le-motor emazantsi amagqabi abizwa ngokuba yi-pulvinus, enoxanduva lokushukuma, apho iiseli eziyenzayo zidumba. kwaye ziyancipha ngenxa yoxinzelelo ngokwewotshi ye-circadian kwaye idala loo ntshukumo emagqabini.

Ivela kwindawo ethile yasemntla-mpuma weBrazil (Bahia), iqhelaniswe namahlathi ashinyeneyo kunye namahlathi. Ikwabizwa ngokuba yi-maranta herberiana okanye isityalo se-tricolor.

Funda kwaye siza kuphonononga isikhokelo esipheleleyo sokukhathalela i-Ctenanthe oppenheimiana, kunye nolwazi malunga nezinambuzane ezinokuchaphazela olu hlobo lwezityalo.

Iimpawu zeCtenanthe oppenheimiana

Ctenanthe-oppenheimiana-care

Izityalo zeCtenanthe oppenheimiana zaziwa ngamahlamvu awo awodwa, anamagqabi anemibala egqamileyo kunye neepateni. Ngesiqhelo, Amagqabi ayo anemigca emizobo ekhanyayo neluhlaza mnyama, kwaye kwezinye iindidi kukho iintambo ezimfusa nezesilivere.

Amagqabi akabonakali nje ekhangayo, kodwa kwakhona Zinombala ocwebezelayo kwaye othambileyo. Isityalo sifikelela kubukhulu baso obupheleleyo ukuya kuma-60cm ubude, nto leyo eyenza ukuba ibe lukhetho olukhulu kwiindawo ezincinci okanye ezithintelweyo.

Kubalulekile ukwazi ukuba unayo izilwanyana zasekhaya kunye nokuhlafuna izityalo Ayiyotyhefu, okanye izinja okanye iikati.. Ukongeza, kulunge kakhulu ukucoca umoya kwiindawo ezingqongileyo.

Ukhathalelo oluqhelekileyo lweCtenanthe oppenheimiana

Ctenanthe-oppenheimiana-care

Ukunyamekela i-Ctenanthe oppenheimiana kulula. Ezi zityalo zikhetha ukukhanya okungathanga ngqo kunye nokuhluzwayo, ngoko Kungcono ukuzibeka kwindawo apho zifumana ukukhanya okukhulu, kodwa oko akubi kakhulu emagqabini.

Sisityalo esinqweneleka kakhulu kumagqabi aso okuhombisa akhuliswe ngcono njengesityalo sasekhaya. Inketho enkulu ukuyityala phantsi kweglasi ukugcina ubushushu obuqhubekayo kunye nomswakama.

Ukukhanya kunye nokunkcenkceshela

Bangakwazi nokunyamezela imodareyitha ukuya kwiimeko eziphantsi zokukhanya, kunye Kuphephe ukuzibeka elangeni ukuthintela ukutsha kwamagqabi.

Kufuneka zigcinwe kwindawo ephantse yafuma, ngoko ke ukuphosa amagqabi rhoqo kunganceda ukugcina iimeko ezifanelekileyo.

Ukongeza, kufuneka zinkcenkceshelwe rhoqo ukugcina umhlaba ufumile, kodwa ungamanzi. Ngumbono olungileyo ukuvumela umhlaba wome phakathi kokunkcenkceshela ukuthintela ukubola kweengcambu.
Ebusika kuyacetyiswa ukunciphisa ukunkcenkceshela ukuphepha izikhukhula.

Kubaluleke kakhulu ukukhumbula ukuba esi sityalo asinyamezeli ukuxinwa kweeminerali kunye netyuwa, ngoko ke, amanzi ompompo anokubangela ukuba iingcebiso zibe mdaka. Eyona nto ilungileyo kukunkcenkceshela ngamanzi adiyiweyo okanye ahluziweyo.

Ukuchumisa

Kubalulekile ukuyibeka kuyo iimbiza ezisekelwe kwi-peat nge-drainage elungileyo, kwaye uchume ngexesha lokukhula ngokulinganayo, isichumisi esinyibilikayo samanzi ukukhuthaza ukukhula okunempilo.

Okona kulungileyo kukuchumisa zonke iintsuku ezingama-20 entwasahlobo/ehlotyeni, kwaye kanye ngenyanga ekwindla/ebusika. Kufanelekile ukuba isityalo sitshize amagqabi ngesichumisi esihlanjululweyo.

Usasazeko

I-Ctenanthe oppenheimiana idla ngokusasazwa ngokwahlulahlula, Ukwahlula kwiziqu ezizimeleyo njengoko isityalo sikhula siya kudala izityalo ezitsha.
Ukutshintshwa kwezityalo kungenziwa entwasahlobo okanye ekuqaleni kwehlobo kwaye kunokuthatha iminyaka emi-5 ukuya kweli-10 ukufikelela kubude obupheleleyo.

Izitshabalalisi zezityalo ezichaphazela iCtenanthe oppenheimiana

Imibala yeCtenanthe-oppenheimiana.

Izityalo zeCtenanthe oppenheimiana zihlala zixhathisa izitshabalalisi zezityalo eziqhelekileyo, kodwa zinokuchatshazelwa ziintlobo ezithile zezinambuzane ukuba azikhathalelwanga kakuhle.

Abanye izinambuzane ezifana namangolwane kunye mealybugs, banokungena lula kwisityalo sakho kwaye babangele umonakalo kumagqabi kunye nempilo yonke yesityalo.

Enye yezona zinambuzane ziqhelekileyo kwaye kulula ukuzibona ezinokuchaphazela i-Ctenanthe oppenheimiana yi isigcawu esibomvu Ezi zinambuzane zincinci kwaye kunzima ukuzibona ngeliso lenyama, kodwa zivelisa i-web ecolekileyo emagqabini esityalo edla ngokubonakala.

isigcawu esibomvu.j

Unyango lwezinambuzane

Ukuthintela le ntsholongwane ekuhlaseleni isityalo sakho, qiniseka ukuba uhlola rhoqo amagqabi ngeempawu zokuhlaselwa kunye Hlanza isityalo ngomsinga onamandla wamanzi ukuphelisa izinambuzane.

I-Mealybugs sesinye isitshabalalisi esixhaphakileyo esinokuhlasela izityalo zeCtenanthe oppenheimiana. Ezi zitshabalalisi zimhlophe kwaye zinoboya, kwaye zikholisa ukuhlanganisana phantsi kwamagqabi. Wahlole rhoqo kwaye uhlambe amagqabi esityalo sakho inokunceda ukuthintela uhlaselo lwe-mealybug.

Ukuba isityalo sakho sihlaselwe yi-mealybugs, unako Sebenzisa isepha ebulala izinambuzane okanye i-oyile ye-neem ukubulala kunye nokuphelisa ezi zinambuzane.

Okokugqibela, iCtenanthe oppenheimiana sisityalo sasekhaya esimangalisayo nesomeleleyo Inokongeza umoya omhle kunye nokuphumla kuyo nayiphi na indawo yangaphakathi.
Ukunyamekela esi sityalo kulula, yaye ngomlinganiselo ofanelekileyo wokukhanya, amanzi, nokuchumisa ngamathub’ athile, unokuyonwabela iminyaka.

Ukongezelela, kubalulekile ukugcina iliso kwizinambuzane eziqhelekileyo zezityalo, ezifana ne-spider mites kunye ne-mealybugs, njengoko i-infestation inokonakalisa isityalo sakho ngokukhawuleza. Ukulandela ezi ngcebiso kuya kuqinisekisa ukuba isityalo sakho siyakhula kwaye sihlala sisempilweni kwaye sihle ixesha elide.


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