Iintlobo zeefern kunye neempawu

Iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zeefern.

Singaqinisekisa ukuba phantse akunakwenzeka ukwazi zonke iintlobo zeeferns ekhoyo ngaphandle kokuba umntu uyingcaphephe kwibhotani. Kuba sithetha ngolunye uhlobo lwezityalo olubanzi, kunye neentlobo ngeentlobo eziphantse zingaqondakali.

Iiferns zizityalo ezisuka kumahlathi afumileyo kwaye zinokukhula nokuba azifumani kukhanya kakhulu, kodwa ziye zajika zalulongezelelo olugqibeleleyo kuzo zonke iintlobo zeegadi, kuba ziyakwazi ukubonelela ngobuhle kunye nomtsalane owahlukileyo. Ke ngoko, ngesi sihlandlo siza kuthetha ngezinye zeentlobo zayo eziphawulekayo kunye neempawu zazo eziphambili.

Indlwane yentaka

Iiferns zentaka

Phakathi kweentlobo zeefern onokuthi uzikhethele kwigadi yakho, enye eyaziwa ngokuba yindlwane yeentaka yenye yezona zinto zinomdla kakhulu, kuba yenye yezona ntlobo zixatyisiweyo. phakathi kosapho olukhulu lweeferns.

I-Asplenium nidus yinzalelwane kwiindawo ezishushu kunye neendawo ezishushu zaseAsia, eAustralasia naseAfrika. Igama layo lesidlaliso livela kwimilo yamagqabi ayo, athi Zisikhumbuza ngandlel’ ithile ngendlwane yeentaka.

Phakathi kweempawu zayo eziphawulekayo, kufuneka sinikele ingqalelo koku kulandelayo:

  • Ubume kunye nobukhulu. Amagqabi ale fern makhulu, a-lanceolate kwaye amile okwe-arch, nto leyo eyenza ukuba indlwane yaloo ntaka imile esikhe sayikhankanya ngaphambili. Banokufikelela kubungakanani obukhulu, ngoko sijonge i-fern echulumancisayo.
  • Umbala kunye nokuthungwa. El umbala wecala Iyakwazi ukuhluka ngokuxhomekeka kwiimeko zokutyala kunye nemozulu, kodwa isuka kumbala oluhlaza kakhulu ukuya kwiitoni ezilula. Kodwa rhoqo kunye nokuthungwa kwesikhumba okuthambileyo kwi-touch.
  • Imo yokukhula. Esi sisityalo se-epiphytic, esizinzile kwiziqu zemithi okanye ngokuthe ngqo kwiintanda zabo. Ukuba uza kuyityala kwigadi yakho, uya kufumana isiphumo esihle ukuba indawo yokutyala ityebile kwizinto eziphilayo.
  • Indawo yokuhlala yendalo. Ikhetha indawo ezifudumeleyo, ezifumileyo, kwaye iyakwazi ukukhula kwindawo ezinomthunzi kunye nezikhanyayo.
  • Ukuzaliswa. Olu didi lunwenwela ngeembewu ezikhula ngaphantsi kwamagqabi. Ezi spores zisasazwa yintshukumo yomoya okanye i-pollinators kwaye zikhokelela kwiindlwane ezintsha zeentaka.
  • Isityalo sendlu. Le yenye yeentlobo zeeferns ezinika iziphumo ezilungileyo njengesityalo sangaphakathi, ukuba nje unomlinganiselo ofunekayo wokufuma ekuphuhliseni kwayo.
  • Ukuchasa kunye nokuqina. Sisityalo esixhathisa kakhulu, esikwaziyo ukuphila phantsi kweemeko ezingafanelekanga kuso.

IBlecno

uhlobo lwe-blech fern

I-Blechum gibbum ikwabizwa ngokuba yi-blecno, palm fern okanye ukumkani fern. Iindidi ezibalaseleyo ngenkangeleko enomtsalane kunye nokukhula okuxineneyo. Imvelaphi yaseOstreliya naseNew Zealand, iye yathandwa kakhulu kwihlabathi liphela.

Ukuchonga olu didi phakathi kwezinye iintlobo zeefern, nikela ingqalelo kwezi mpawu:

  • imilo ehlangeneyo. Yifern ekhulayo ehlangeneyo, enamagqabi avela ngokuthe nkqo kwisiseko esisembindini. Yiyo loo nto isikhumbuza ngomthi wesundu omncinane.
  • Ubungakanani. Ukukhula kwayo kuphakathi, kwaye ayifane ifikelele ngaphezu kwemitha enye ubude. Ke ngoko, yeyona ndlela ilungileyo yeegadi ezijonge umboniso kodwa hayi izityalo ezinkulu kakhulu.
  • IiFronds. Amagqabi ale fern a-lanceolate anombala oluhlaza oqaqambileyo kunye nenkangeleko yeentsiba. Benza isakhiwo esifana nesithsaba phezulu, banike ukubonakala okumangalisayo.
  • Indawo yokuhlala yendalo. Endaweni yayo yemvelaphi le fern ikhula emahlathini nakwiindawo ezinomthunzi. Ukuze ikhule yomelele, ikhetha ukuhlala kwiimeko ezithile okanye ezigcwele umthunzi. Nangona kunjalo, olu luluhlu oluguquguqukayo kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo.
  • Ukhathalelo olulula. Ithathwa njenge-fern yokunyamekela lula. Ukunkcenkceshela rhoqo, ukukhuselwa kumaqondo okushisa aphezulu kunye nokungayibonakalisi ukukhanya kwelanga kakhulu kwanele.
  • Ukuzaliswa. Iyakwazi ukusasazeka zombini nge-spores kunye nokwahlula i-rhizomes.

Uphondo lwe-Elk

Le yi-elkhorn fern

Le fern yeyohlobo lwePlatycerium kwaye, ngenxa yesidlaliso sayo, esele ikhona Unokuyithelekelela indlela amile ngayo amagqabi awo. Ngaphakathi kolu didi kukho iindidi ezahlukeneyo ezineempawu zazo, kodwa zonke zineempawu ezifanayo esizichaza ngezantsi:

  • Ifom kunye nesakhiwo. Amagqabi awo abunjwe njengeelk antlers kwaye, kuxhomekeke kwintlobo, ingaba mcaba kwaye inyumba okanye ichume kwaye ibe nde. Kwezinye iimeko, ama-fronds ayakwazi ukugoqa ngokwawo.
  • Uhlobo lokukhula. Yi-epiphytic fern, enokukhula kwiindawo ezinjengamatye okanye imithi; ayifuni iingcambu zayo ukuba ingcwatywe. Nangona kunjalo, ezinye iintlobo zayo zinokukhula ngaphandle kwengxaki emhlabeni okanye ezimbizeni.
  • Inkathalo ethile. Olu didi lubuthathaka kancinci kuneentlobo zeefern esike sazibona ngaphambili. Ifuna indawo efumileyo, umoya omhle, ukunkcenkceshelwa rhoqo, kunye nendawo enomthunzi.
  • Usasazeko. I-fern ivelisa i-spores, kodwa ixhaphake kakhulu ukufumana izityalo ezitsha ngokuhlukana kwe-rhizomes.

I-Maidenhair, enye yezona ntlobo zibuthathaka kakhulu ze-ferns

I-Fern yeentombi

I-Adiantum okanye i-maidenhair fern ixabiswa kakhulu ngobuhle bayo, kodwa nayo Sisityalo esiethe-ethe esifuna ukhathalelo olukhethekileyo. ukukwazi ukukhula kwaye ubesempilweni. Nangona kunjalo, inkangeleko yayo ye-ethereal ibamba abathandi begadi, abafuna ukuba nayo kwingqokelela yabo yabucala.

Ungayibona le fern ngezi mpawu zilandelayo ezahlukileyo:

  • Amagqabi acandiweyo. Amagqabi ale fern ahlulwe abe ziifollicle ezininzi ezincinci ezibonakala zithambile. Umbala wayo uluhlaza kakhulu, kodwa unokuhluka kancinci kuxhomekeke kwiintlobo kunye neemeko zokukhula.
  • Ubume bamagqabi. Enye into engaqhelekanga yesi sityalo kukuba ama-fronds acwangciswe ngokwepateni yefeni, enika i-fern imbonakalo elula kakhulu kunye nenhle.
  • Uhlobo lokukhula. Sisityalo esiphila emhlabeni esithanda umhlaba ofumileyo otyebileyo kwizinto eziphilayo. Nangona kunjalo, ezinye zeentlobo zayo zinokuba yi-epiphytic.
  • Iimfuno zokukhanya. Sisityalo esithambileyo esikhetha ukuhlala emthunzini ongaphelelanga kwiimeko zomthunzi ogcweleyo. Kuba ukukhanya kwelanga kunokonakalisa amagqabi alo.

ulwimi lwexhama

Ulwimi lwexhama, i-fern.

I-Microsorum punctatum okanye i-fern yolwimi lokwenyani luhlobo oluthandwa kakhulu kuba luyakwazi ukuziqhelanisa kakuhle nokuhlala ngaphakathi. Ivela eAsia nasePasifiki, imbonakalo yayo entle ibe negalelo ekwaziseni ngoku ehlabathini lonke.

Phakathi kweempawu zayo ezahlukileyo siya kubalaselisa:

  • Amagqabi. Amabala alo afana neempondo zexhama. Zide kwaye zincinci kwaye zenze i-arched, iphethini elinganayo. Umbala wayo uyahluka phakathi kweetoni eziluhlaza kunye nezobhedu. Kodwa kuyo nayiphi na imeko babonisa ukuthungwa okuthambileyo kwi-touch.
  • Indawo yokuhlala yendalo. Le fern ikhula kwiindawo ezishinyeneyo kunye namahlathi ashinyeneyo, apho kufumaneka khona umhlaba okhutshiweyo nonomthunzi. Nangona ikhula emhlabeni, ingakhula njengeepiphyte kwiziqu zemithi okanye ematyeni.
  • Usasazeko. Iyakwazi ukuvelisa ngokusebenzisa i-spores okanye ngokuhlukana kwe-rhizomes.

Ubuzazi ezi ntlobo zeeferns? Iindidi eziye zathimba ingqalelo yabathandi begadi kwaye ngoku uya kukwazi ukuzibona ngokukhawuleza.


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