Ungatyala njani ikhala?

Ikhala lityalwa entlakohlaza

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / David J. Stang

I-Aloe vera yenye ye-succulents, okanye i-non-cacti succulents, eye yafumana ukuthandwa kakhulu kwiminyaka yamuva. Ubuninzi beempawu zayo zonyango kunye nokulinywa kwayo ngokulula kwenze ukuba ngaphezulu kwesinye kuthengwe umfuziselo wokuba nawo ekhaya.. Kodwa nangona isisityalo esivelisa kakuhle kakhulu ngokwahlula amahlumelo aso, usenokuba nomdla wokwazi indlela yokuhlwayela imbewu yaso.

Ukutyala ngamava anobungangamsha, kuba ubona 'ukuzalwa' kwesityalo, onokuthi emva koko usinyamekele ngenyameko, kwaye xa kufikwa kwinto eluncedo empilweni, inika umdla ngakumbi. Ngoko Ukuba ufuna ukwazi ukuba ulityala njani ikhala, siya kukucacisela.

Uzifumana njani iimbewu kwikhala?

Oku kubalulekile ukwazi, kuba kakade, ukuba sele sinesityalo esidubuleyo, akusayi kufuneka sithenge imbewu. Nangona kunjalo, ukuze a ialoe vera ukudubula kufuneka kube neminyaka emi-4 ubuncinane ukusuka kwimbewu. Ngaloo minyaka, amagqabi awo aya kulinganisa malunga ne-30-35 centimeters ubude ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi.

Isityalo seAloe Vera sinentyatyambo etyheli.
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Injani intyatyambo yeAloe vera?

Idubula nini? yenza entwasahlobo, kodwa kusenokuthatha ixesha ukuba amaqondo obushushu asapholile. Enyanisweni, idinga amaqondo obushushu aphezulu ukuvelisa iintyatyambo zayo, malunga ne-20ºC. Nje ukuba yenzekile, siya kubona ukuba kuhluma isiqu embindini werosette yamagqabi, encotsheni yawo kuya kuba ziintyatyambo. Ezi ziza kugqiba ukukhula kwazo nje ukuba isikhondo sentyatyambo sifikelele kubukhulu baso bokugqibela, obuqhele ukuba malunga neesentimitha ezingama-40 ukuphakama.

Nje ukuba iintyatyambo ezimthubi ezimile okwetyhubhu zivuleke, izinambuzane ezisasaza imbewu njengeenyosi okanye oonomeva ziya kuzisasaza. Kungekudala emva koko, iintyatyambo ezivuvuzayo ziya kubuna kwaye isiqhamo siyakuqala ukuvuthwa, esiya kuba kwimo ye-capsule emide eyi-1 centimeter ubude malunga ne-0,5 centimeters ububanzi.. Kulo mfanekiso unokubona ukuba iziqhamo kunye nembewu yekhala ijongeka njani:

Iziqhamo ze-aloe vera zi-capsules

Umfanekiso – ResearchGate.net

Ngapha koko, ukuqinisekisa ukuba iintyatyambo zifakwe ipoleni, unokuwunyamekela lo msebenzi. Ukwenza oku, udinga kuphela ibrashi encinci. Uyidlula kwenye intyatyambo, uze emva koko uyidlulise kweyokuqala kwakhona. Kufuneka uphindaphinde yonke imihla de zibune, kodwa kufanelekile.

Ityalwa njani ikhala okanye ikhala?

Ukufumana imbewu, ngoku lixesha lokuyihlwayela, kodwa njani? Kulungile, kufuneka uqale ufumanise ukuba unayo yonke into oyifunayooko kukuthi:

  • Iimbiza ezincinci ukuya kwi-10,5cm ububanzi
  • I-substrate ekhethekileyo ye-succulents efana nale isuka apha
  • Ukunkcenkceshela ngamanzi
  • Imichiza yokungunda yeenjongo ezininzi njengaleyo unokuyithenga apha
  • indawo enelanga

Unayo? Emva koko kuya kufuneka ulandele eli nyathelo ngenyathelo:

  1. Eyokuqala kukugcwalisa imbiza nge-substrate, kodwa kungekhona ngokupheleleyo. Phakathi komphezulu we-substrate exeliweyo kunye nomphetho wesikhongozeli kufuneka kubekho ubuncinci isiqingatha sesentimitha yomgama, kuba ngaloo ndlela xa unkcenkceshela awuyi kuphulukana namanzi.
  2. Emva koko kufuneka unkcenkceshele. I-substrate kufuneka ifume kakhulu phambi kokutyala imbewu, kodwa lumka: ingabi namanzi.
  3. Emva koko, thatha imbewu kwaye uyibeke phezu komhlaba. Zibeke kude kangangoko kunokwenzeka; Ngaphezu koko, ukuba imbiza ilinganisa i-10,5cm, eyona nto ilungileyo kukubeka ubuninzi bembewu ezi-3. Ngoba? Kuba ukuba kuhlwayelwe engakumbi zaza zantshula zonke, ngoko ke ngokuzahlula zinokuba nomonakalo ongenakulungiseka, ukusa kwinqanaba lokuba zome.
  4. Ekugqibeleni, kufuneka ubaphathe nge-ecological spray fungicide, kwaye ugubungele nge-substrate encinci, ingabi ngaphezu komgangatho obhityileyo ukuze ilanga lingababethi ngokuthe ngqo, kuba ukuba bekunjalo bebengayi kuntshula.

Uyihoya njani ibhedi ye-aloe vera?

Ikhala likhula ngokukhawuleza

Ukhathalelo esiya kunika i-seedbed luya kuba luncinci, kuba eyona nto ifunwa yimbewu kukukhanya, ubushushu kunye nokufuma, kodwa ngaphandle kokuba i-substrate ikhukulise. Kodwa nokuba zisisiseko kakhulu, kufuneka zenziwe kakuhle kuba kuya kuxhomekeka ekubeni sinezityalo ezitsha na. Ngoko makhe sibone indlela yokuyihoya:

Unkcenkceshelo

I-substrate ye-succulents ngumxube womhlaba othi, ukuba uselanga, woma ngokukhawuleza. Kunjalo ngoba, kufuneka sizame ukuyigcina ifumile yonke imihla. Kwaye ukuze singenzi iphutha ngokunkcenkceshela, into esiya kuyenza kukuzisa intonga yokhuni phantsi, kwaye ukuba sibona ukuba iphuma ihlambulukile, siya kusela amanzi.

Unyango ngokuchasene nefungi

Imbewu yezityalo ingonakaliswa ngumngundo, ngakumbi xa kusehlotyeni kwaye zikwindawo efumileyo efana nesubstrate enganikwa ixesha lokuba yome ngokupheleleyo. Ngoko, Kufanelekile ukusebenzisa i-polyvalent fungicide kanye ngeveki, nokuba imbewu sele intshulile.

ukukhanya kunye nobushushu

Ukongeza, ukufezekisa izinga eliphezulu lokuntshula kwaye, ngokuqinisekileyo, ukuba izityalo zikhule kakuhle kwasekuqaleni, kufuneka sibeke ibhedi yembewu ngaphandle ukuba kunokwenzeka, ukuze ibonakale kwimitha yelanga ngokuthe ngqo ize ifumane ubushushu. Kodwa ukuba asinakuba nayo loo nto, sinokuyishiya ngaphakathi endlwini lo gama nje sibeka isibane esikhuthaza ukukhula kwezityalo, ezifana nezi zisuka kumhlaba. apha.

Zithatha ixesha elingakanani ukuhluma?

Ikhala lityalwa entlakohlaza

Ukuba iimbewu zintsha-eziyiyo ukuba zithathwe kwisityalo- kwaye zisebenza, akuyi kuthatha ixesha elide de sibone i-aloes yokuqala ihluma: mhlawumbi iveki okanye ezimbini ubukhulu becala ukuba nje sizityala kwangaloo nyaka, ehlotyeni. Ngoku, ukuba sizithengile okanye sele zindala, okanye ukuba zihlwayelwe ekwindla okanye ebusika, ziya kuthabatha ixesha elide ukuntshula.

Into ebalulekileyo apha kukuba banokukhanya kwendalo okwaneleyo, kwaye amaqondo obushushu aphezulu.. Ikhala sisityalo esingakuthandiyo ukubanda kakhulu, ukuze imbewu yalo intshule, kufuneka ityalwe xa imekyuri kwithemometha ifikelela kuma 20ºC ubuncinane.

Siyathemba ukuba utyale kakuhle kwaye ufumana ikhala elitsha kungekudala.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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