Indlela yokuvuselela i-fern?

Indlela yokuvuselela i-fern

Hlaziya i-fern Kunokwenzeka ukuba sinikezela ixesha, uthando kunye nokunyamekela kakuhle kolu hlobo. Nangona sithetha ngeentlobo-ntlobo ezixhathisayo, inyaniso kukuba zinokuchatshazelwa zizifo nezinambuzane.

Isitshixo ekufezekiseni ukubuyiswa ngokupheleleyo kwesityalo kukuba sicacile malunga nokuba kwenzekani kuso. Ukusuka apho, sinokuthatha umlinganiselo omnye okanye omnye ukuqinisekisa ukuba i-fern ibonisa bonke ubuhle bayo kwakhona.

Izisombululo zokuvuselela i-fern

Izisombululo zokuvuselela i-fern

Siza kubona ezinye zeengxaki zempilo eziqhelekileyo ezinokuchaphazela ii-ferns, iimpawu ekufuneka sizithathele ingqalelo, kunye nesisombululo esinokusinika kwimeko nganye.

Ingcambu yokubola

Xa i-fern iphantsi kokufuma kakhulu, kukho amathuba aphezulu okuba iingcambu ziya kuqala ukubola njengoko zingomi kakuhle. Ukongeza, le ngxaki yokufuma inceda umngundo ezifana I-Rhizoctonia, iPhytophthora kunye nePythium; oko kunokutshabalalisa isityalo.

I-fern eneengcambu ezibolileyo inamagqabi abunileyo natyheli, athi avuthuluke phambi kwexesha. Ukuba sigrumba kancinci, sinokubona ukuba iingcambu zithambile, Ziye zajika zamnyama ngebala kwaye zikhupha ivumba elibi.

Ukucombulula le ngxaki, susa i-fern kwi-substrate kwaye uhlambulule yonke imizila yomhlaba kwiingcambu. Sika ezo ubona ukuba zonakele kakhulu kwaye Vumela isityalo some kwindawo efudumeleyo engenamanzi.

Emva koko, ungatyala i-fern kwi-substrate entsha, esemgangathweni kunye nomthamo omhle wokukhupha amanzi. Kwakhona qinisekisa ukuba imbiza inazo imingxuma yokukhupha amanzi agqithisileyo ekunkcenkcesheleni.

Umngundo wamagqabi

Ukuvuselela i-fern enefungi akusoloko kulula, kwaye amathuba okuphumelela ahambelana ngokusondeleyo nesantya esenza ngaso. Ngokubanzi, okukhona siyibona ngokukhawuleza ingxaki kwaye sisebenzise izilungiso, ngcono.

Umngundo wamagqabi njenge Botrytis kunye ne Rhizoctonia Zichaphazela amagqabi, zibangela ukuba kubonakale amabala amdaka okanye amnyama kuwo, kunye nembonakalo ebunayo kunye nokuguqulwa kwamagqabi.

Ingxaki idla ngokubakho ngenxa yokuba isityalo sichanabeke kwiimeko zokufuma okuphezulu kunye nokungangeni komoya kakuhle. Into esiya kuyenza kukuphelisa amagqabi achaphazelekayo ukuthintela usulelo, ukunciphisa ukufuma kokusingqongileyo kunye nokuphucula ukujikeleza komoya kwisityalo, ukuyohlula kancinane kwabanye.

Ukongeza, kuyacetyiswa ukuba ufake isibulali ntsholongwane sokungunda de ube uqinisekisa ukuba umngundo unyamalele ngokupheleleyo.

Izinambuzane kunye nezinambuzane

IiFerns zinokuhlaselwa zizinambuzane ezininzi, kodwa izinambuzane ezinamakala, amangolwane kunye neentwala zezinye zezona ziyingozi kakhulu, kuba zitya kwisage kunye ne-aphid. Banokushiya isityalo somile ngokupheleleyo.

Iimpawu zohlaselo lwezinambuzane bubukho bamagqabi atyheli kunye namachokoza ancangathi emagqabini. Ukongeza, xa sijongene nohlaselo lokwenyani, kunokwenzeka ukuba ungazibona ezi zinambuzane (nangona ezinye zincinci) ngokukhawuleza Usondela kwisityalo.

Ukuvuselela i-fern ehlaselwa zizinambuzane esinokuzisebenzisa ioyile yemem, okanye usebenzise isisombululo samanzi anesepha. Ukuba ezi zonyango zendalo azisebenzi, ngoko kuyacetyiswa ukuba kufakwe i-insecticide yorhwebo, ngokulandela imiyalelo yomenzi ukuze ungagqibi ukonakalisa isityalo.

Ukuswela ukutya

Kungenzeka ukuba i-fern iyancipha ngenxa yokuba ayikwazi ukufikelela kwizondlo ezifunekayo. Ukuba amagqabi ayajika, atyheli, abe mancinci kunesiqhelo, okanye uqaphela ukuba isityalo asikhuli, Isenokuba ayinazo izondlo ezisisiseko ezifana nenitrogen, intsimbi okanye ipotassium.

Isisombululo kukubonelela ngesichumiso esilungeleleneyo, ekukhethwa ukuba silungiselelwe ngokukodwa iiferns. Kusenokuba nomdla ukutshintsha i-substrate enye yomgangatho ophezulu, okanye ukongeza into encinci ye-organic kule siyisebenzisayo, into Singayenza ngokubandakanya i-humus encinci okanye i-coconut fiber.

Ukugqithisa okanye ukungabikho kwamanzi

Akumangalisi ukuba imbangela yokuvuselela i-fern inxulumene nokunkcenkceshela okungonelanga. Ukuba sinkcenkceshela kakhulu isityalo, sibeka umngcipheko wokubola kweengcambu, njengoko besitshilo emzuzwini odlulileyo.

Ngokuchasene noko, ukuba sibeka isityalo kuxinzelelo olukhulu lwamanzi kwaye sinkcenkceshele ngaphantsi kakhulu kunokuba kuyimfuneko, siya kugula. Kule meko siya kuqaphela ukuba Amagqabi abuna ngokukhawuleza kwaye awe ngaphambi kwexesha, nokuba balahlekelwa ngumbala.

Isicombululo sale ngxaki kukulungelelanisa ukunkcenkceshela ngokweemfuno zesityalo, indawo esingqongileyo kunye nexesha lonyaka. Ngokufanelekileyo, i-substrate kufuneka igcinwe ifumile, kodwa ngaphandle kokuthanjiswa.

Ukuba isityalo sakho siye sagula ngenxa yokunqongophala kwamanzi, akunjalo. “ukurhaxwa.” Galela amanzi amancinane ngesichumiso namanzi kwakhona emva kweentsuku ezimbalwa. Ngexesha elifutshane, ukuba ugcina i-frequency yokunkcenkceshela okulungileyo, ukubonakala kwayo kufuneka kuphuculwe kakhulu.

Ukuvezwa kumaqondo obushushu agqithisileyo

Ukuvezwa kumaqondo obushushu agqithisileyo

Iiferns zinochuku kakhulu kumaqondo obushushu agqithisileyo, nokuba aphezulu okanye aphantsi. Ukuba isityalo besibanda kakhulu okanye sishushu kakhulu, uya kuqaphela ukuba amagqabi ajika abe mnyama, Bade babonakale ngathi batshisiwe, kwaye ukukhula kuyacotha.

Isisombululo kukuthatha isityalo siye kuso indawo apho wonwabela ubushushu obuzinzileyo, kude nemisinga yomoya ebandayo okanye eshushu enokonakalisa amagqabi.

Ukuvuselela ukubuyiswa, susa amaqabunga awonakeleyo, ukwenzela ukuba isityalo sinokunikezela onke amandla aso ekuveliseni amahlumela amatsha kunye nokukhulisa amasebe kunye nokushiya esele ikhona.

Ukhathalelo olusisiseko ukuphepha ukuvuselela i-fern

Ukhathalelo olusisiseko ukuphepha ukuvuselela i-fern

Ukuze singayisebenzisi le milinganiselo yongxamiseko esiyibonileyo, kukulungele ukunyamekela i-fern ngokuchanekileyo ukuze ingaguli. Ukufezekisa oku, gcina la macebiso engqondweni:

  • Beka isityalo kwindawo apho siya kufumana ukukhanya okungathanga ngqo.
  • Ubushushu obufanelekileyo kwi-fern buphakathi kwe-15º kunye ne-25ºC.
  • IiFerns zikhetha iindawo ezifumileyo, kodwa umoya kufuneka uvunyelwe ukuba ujikeleze phakathi kwamagqabi ukuze ukufuma kungenzi umngundo.
  • Amanzi malunga kanye ngeveki, xa umaleko ophezulu womile kwi-touch.
  • Sebenzisa i-substrate egalelwe kakuhle etyebileyo kwizinto eziphilayo.
  • Chuba ngexesha lokukhula okusebenzayo.
  • Sika nawaphi na amagqabi afileyo okanye awonakeleyo.
  • Gada rhoqo izinambuzane.

Ukuvuselela i-fern akukho nzima ukuba uyazi ukuba kwenzekani kuyo. Siyathemba ukuba iingcebiso zethu ziyakunceda unike isityalo sakho ithuba lesibini.


Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.