Iintyatyambo zeeperile (iPyrus calleryana)

Iintyatyambo zePyrus callyeriana zimhlophe

Umfanekiso- Wikimedia / N yotarou

El IPyrus calleryana okanye ipere eneentyatyambo ngomnye wemithi yokuhombisa enganyangekiyo ekhoyo. Ngapha koko, kuyinto eqhelekileyo ukuba uchaphazeleke ngumoya ovuthuzayo okanye izaqhwithi ezinkulu, kunaso nasiphi na isitshabalalisi okanye isifo.

Ukugcinwa kwayo kulula kakhuluKuba iyakwazi ukuziqhelanisa kwaye iyakwazi ukumelana neqabaka lobungakanani obuthile ngaphandle kokufumana monakalo. Njengokuba ayonelanga, intle phantse unyaka wonke, nokuba kusebusika xa iphuma emagqabini.

Imvelaphi kunye neempawu ze IPyrus calleryana

Iipeya eziqhakazayo ngumthi ophakathi

Eyaziwa njengepeyinti yegalari okanye ipere eneentyatyambo, lo ngumthi onqabileyo owazalelwa eChina Unokufikelela kubude obuphezulu beemitha ezi-20. Umboko wayo uthe tye, kwaye isithsaba senziwe ngamagqabi amile okweqanda, 4-7cm ubude, luhlaza-mnyama ngaphezulu kumphezulu ophezulu kunye nokukhanya okuluhlaza ngaphantsi. Ngexesha lokuwa ajika abe tyheli okanye orenji ngaphambi kokuwa.

Blooms ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo, phambi kokuba amagqabi ahlume. Iintyatyambo zimhlophe, zinamagqabi amahlanu kwaye zii-2-3cm ubukhulu. Bakhupha ivumba elimnandi elinokubasongela abanye abantu. Kwaye iziqhamo zincinci, zingaphantsi kwe-1cm ubukhulu, ziqinile kwaye zimdaka ngeorenji xa zivuthiwe. Ezi ziqulathe iimbewu zincinci eziza kusasazwa ziintaka ngeengqatha zazo.

Kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo:

  • IAristocrat
  • Ikwindla evutha
  • IBradford (eyaziwa ngokuba yiBradford pear tree)
  • Capital
  • Cleveland Khetha
  • Ubomvu
  • I-Whitehouse

Kuzo zonke, enye yezona zilinywa kakhulu yiBradford, kuba yeyona ifanelekileyo kwimimandla emxinwa nakwizixeko. Nangona kunjalo, kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba isiqu sayo siethe-ethe kakhulu, sikwazi ukwaphuka ngokulula xa kukho isaqhwithi, ikhephu elinamandla okanye yimimoya enamandla. Ngesi sizathu, kukho abo bakhetha iCleveland, enganyangekiyo ngakumbi.

Ziintoni ezibakhathazayo?

Amagqabi omthi weeperile odubulayo ayavuthuluka

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Alpsdake

Ukuba ucinga ukufumana ikopi, sicebisa ukuba ubonelele ngolu nyameko lulandelayo:

Ubicación

Sisityalo ekufuneka sibenjalo phesheyaIlanga elipheleleyo nangona lisenokuba semthunzini. Ekuphela kwento ekufuneka uyikhumbule kukuba, ukuba uyayityalela emhlabeni, kufuneka ubuncinci ibe ziimitha ezi-4 ukusuka kwizityalo ezide ukuze ikwazi ukukhula kakuhle kwaye ukwazi ukuyicinga ngobuqaqawuli bayo bonke iyakhula.

Umhlaba

Ukungafuneki. Iyaqhelana nodidi lomhlaba, nokuba une asidi okanye hayi. Ke:

  • Ukukhula egadini: kuthintele ukuba nayo kumazwe ahluphekileyo, enomjelo ombi, kungenjalo uya kuba neengxaki ekukhuleni unempilo.
  • Ukulima potted: Ayisosityalo esinaso embizeni - ubuncinci, hayi ngonaphakade. Nangona kunjalo, ngexesha lobutsha bakhe kunokwenzeka ukuba uyonwabele ukuba unayo nge-substrate yendalo iphela (iyathengiswa apha).

Unkcenkceshelo

Ukumodareyitha ukuya rhoqo. Ngexesha leenyanga ezifudumeleyo zonyaka, oko kukuthi, entwasahlobo kwaye ngakumbi ihlobo, iya kuba lixesha lokunkcenkceshela rhoqo. Kuyimfuneko ukuba unkcenkceshele ngononophelo, oko kukuthi, ukuzama ukugalela onke amanzi afunekayo de ube umhlaba wonke umanzi kakuhle.

Ngokubanzi, iya kunkcenkceshelwa amaxesha ama-3-4 ngeveki ngexesha lasehlotyeni, kwaye 1-2 ngeveki unyaka wonke.

Umbhalisi

Ukususela ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo ukuya ngasekupheleni kwehlobo (okanye ekuqaleni kokwindla ukuba imozulu intle) kuyacetyiswa ukuba uchumise ngezichumisi ezingamanzi xa ufakwe embizeni, umzekelo iguano (kwintengiso aphaukulandela imiyalelo echaziweyo kwiphakheji, okanye kumgubo xa usegadini, njengomgquba wenkomo (uyathengiswa apha) ukugalela umaleko omalunga neesentimitha ezintlanu macala onke emva koko uwudibanise nomhlaba.

Zombini zizichumisi eziphilayo, ezilungele ukulinywa kwendalo.

Ukuphindaphinda

El IPyrus calleryana yanda ngembewu ebusika, kuba kufuneka babande ngaphambi kokuntshula. Ke, ukuba uhlala kwindawo ebhaliswe rhoqo iqabaka ngeli xesha lonyaka, kuya kufuneka uhlwayele ezityeni kunye nomhlaba wonke omalunga ne-20cm ubukhulu, ubeke i-2-3 nganye, kwaye indalo mayithathe ikhosi (kodwa amanzi xa ubona ukuba i-substrate yoma).

Kunoko, Ukuba uhlala kwindawo apho imeko yemozulu ifudumele, ukufezekisa ipesenti ephezulu yempumelelo kuyacetyiswa ukuba ubacwangcise ngokufanelekileyo iinyanga ezintathu ngaphambi kokuba uzityale embizeni. Ukwahlulwa okungeyonyani kubandakanya ukwenza ukuhlwayela okokuqala kwi-tupperware ene-vermiculite (iyathengiswa apha) ebifakwe ngaphambili, emva koko uyibeke ngesiciko kwifriji (apho iimveliso zobisi, iziqhamo, njl. njl.). Kanye ngeveki kufuneka uyikhuphe kwaye uyivule, ukuze umoya uhlaziyeke kwaye uthintele usulelo lokungunda.

Imbewu ehlwayelwe kwi tupperware
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Uyicwangcisa njani imbewu inyathelo ngenyathelo

Ukusebenza ngokukhawuleza

Iyamelana neqabaka ukuya kuthi ga -18ºC, kodwa ayihlali kwindawo ezinesimo sezulu. Ngapha koko, kwimozulu efudumeleyo epholileyo, ekwindla nakubusika obuqhelekileyo, kuyinto eqhelekileyo ukuba amagqabi ayo ajike abe luhlaza abe mdaka (owomileyo) ngaphambi kokuwa.

Ukuthenga phi umthi weeperile?

Jonga iintyatyambo zePyrus calleryana

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / Alpsdake

Uya kuyifumana iyathengiswa nge ii-nursery kunye neevenkile zegadi, kokubini okwasemzimbeni nakwi-Intanethi. Ixabiso liya kwahluka ngokuxhomekeka kubungakanani, kodwa ukukunika umbono, isampuli ende, emalunga ne-3-4 yeemitha, inokubiza malunga ne-150 yeerandi.

Ucinga ntoni nge IPyrus calleryana?


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