ITabebuia guayacán, umthi omkhulu

I-Tabebuia-guayacan-ikhava.

ITabebuia guayacán, uhlobo lwemithi eneentyatyambo, Iyaziwa ngokuba yi-iclindrical trunk kunye neentyatyambo ezintle. Ikwaziwa njenge squash yaseMexico, yeyosapho lweBignoniaceae.

Eyaziwa ngamanye amagama afana nala: i-oki emhlophe kuMbindi Merika kunye neCaribbean, i-poppy, i-purple rose, eMexico. Cambora, taipoca, eBrazil, oki, sabanero, polvillo, e Colombia. Gurupa, araguaney, orum, eVenezuela, i-oki yobuxoki eNicaragua, isandla sikaLeón eGuatemala, i-savannah oak eCosta Rica.

Iimpawu zeTabebuia guayacán

Ngumthi ovuthulukayo, ukhula malunga ne-15 ukuya kwi-30 yeemitha ukuphakama kunye nobubanzi besiqu ukuya kuma-60 cm. Imithi yayo ikumgangatho ophezulu, kodwa Ityalwe njengomthi wokuhombisa ngenxa yobukho beentyatyambo ezinomtsalane ezimthubi.

Lo mthi ufanelekile kumhlaba wodongwe oyisanti, nangona uthanda umhlaba ongenamanzi, oneasidi encinci, engathathi hlangothi kunye ne-alkaline PH. Ayinakukhula emthunzini kwaye ikhetha umhlaba ofumileyo.

I-Tabebuia guayacán inzalelwane yaseMexico, kuMbindi Merika, eMzantsi Melika, nakwiindawo ezisemazantsi-ntshona eUnited States. Lo mthi uxatyiswe kakhulu ngenxa yomgangatho ophezulu womthi, edla ngokusetyenziswa ukwenza iintlobo ngeentlobo zeemveliso.

Uhlobo lwamagqabi kunye neenkuni

I-Tabebuia-guayacan-bark

Las ihlala iluhlaza Zinemibala eyahlukeneyo eluhlaza kwaye zinemilo emide eneziphelo ezitsolo. Inamaxolo amancinane amhlophe kumphezulu ongaphakathi.

Ukhuni oluvelisayo luyinto eqinile, ehlala ixesha elide kwaye enomtsalane. Ingaqhelekanga kakhulu, inoluhlu lwemibala esusela koluhlaza ukuya kumdaka kwaye maxa wambi ibe mnyama.

Ineempawu ezintle ezilungele ukwakhiwa njengoko ibonelela ngomqobo omkhulu ngokuchasene nokufuma. Kwezinye iimeko inokuba nethoni ebomvu emdaka kunye ne-veining ecacileyo, ukwenza kube lukhetho olufanelekileyo kwiiprojekthi eziphezulu zeplanga.

Iyakwazi ukumelana nokubola kunye nezinambuzane, kwaye ngokuqhelekileyo ihlala iminyaka emininzi ukuba igcinwe ngokufanelekileyo. Ikwaqinile, ixinene, imelana kakhulu nokothuka. Kunzima kancinci ukusebenza kunye kwaye kuthambekele kancinci ekutshipheni, kodwa inokugqiba okugudileyo kwaye ipolishe kakuhle kakhulu.

Iintyatyambo neziqhamo

Iintyatyambo zeTabebuia-guayacan-flowers

ITabebuia guayacán ivelisa iintyatyambo ezimile okwexilongo emthubi okanye bugolide-tyheli ezithi Ziyadubula entwasahlobo kwaye ngamanye amaxesha zihlala kude kube ekwindla.

Iintyatyambo zine-corolla emile okwexilongo, kwaye zithandwa ziinyosi kunye nezinye i-pollinators. Ziyakwazi ukufikelela kwi-8 cm ubude, ziyi-hermaphrodites, kwaye zicwangciswe ngamaqhekeza amafutshane kwiingcebiso zamasetyana. Iintyatyambo zinkulu kwaye zibukeka kakhulu.

Iintyatyambo ziye zathatyathelw’ indawo yisiqhamo esimdaka, esimile okwepod, esinembewu emile njengephiko esasazwa ngulo mthi emoyeni. Ezi ziqhamo zihlala zinjalo emthini iinyanga ezininzi phambi kokuba ziwe phantsi.

Iziqhamo zikholisa ukuvela ngexesha apho kungekho mvula, apho imbewu kufuneka yomile. Kulapho kuhluma. Ikhula kancinane le mithi kodwa ubomi bayo bubude kakhulu.

Iqulethe imbewu eninzi, iluhlaza mnyama xa ivuthiwe. Inde kwaye inokufikelela kwi-35 cm ubude. Ivelisa iimbewu ezingama-240 ukuya kuma-300 ngepod nganye.

Iintyatyambo zenzeka ngokukhawuleza kwaye phantse yonke imithi yolo hlobo idubula kwangolo suku olunye. Iintyatyambo zayo zihlala malunga neentsuku ze-4, nangona kunjalo Kusenokubakho umahluko kwixesha leentyantyambo ukusuka kwindawo ethile ukuya kwenye.

Kwindawo yaseMbindi yaseMelika, iintyatyambo zivela kwiinyanga zikaFebruwari ukuya ku-Ephreli, iziqhamo zingabonakaliswa ngoMatshi noMeyi.

Ukusetyenziswa kweenkuni kunye nezinye iinjongo

i-guayacan-wood.

Umthi womelele kakhulu kwaye uxhathisa kakhulu ekuhlaselweni kwezinambuzane. Inokugqiba okugudileyo kwaye iyimathiriyeli egqwesileyo yokusetyenziswa okwahlukeneyo kulwakhiwo. Ingasetyenziselwa ukwenza izixhobo zokuphatha izixhobo, ifenitshala, umgangatho, iingubo, iikhabhinethi kunye nezinye izinto.

Isetyenziselwa ukomelela kwayo kunye nokuqina kwayo kwizixhobo zomculo, ezinjengeziginkci, iivayolin, iimarimba kunye neefluti. Ngaphezu koko, kusetyenziswa iinkuni rhoqo ukwenza izinto zokuhombisa ezifana nezitya, iivazi kunye nemisebenzi yobugcisa.

iinkuni-guayacan

Amaxolo alo mthi angasetyenziselwa iindlela ezahlukeneyo zonyango. ezithengiswa njenge-anticancer, antifungal kunye ne-antiviral agents. Banokunceda ukubunjwa kwezicubu ezibomvu.
Amaxhwele ale ndawo ebefudula esebenzisa ixolo ukulwa neziphumo zokulunywa ziinyoka.

Ikwanazo neempawu zonyango, unokwenza iti ngamagqabi ayo. ukukhulula umgudu womchamo kunye neengxaki zezintso.

Imvelaphi

ITabebuia-guayacan-ubungakanani bomthi

ITabebuia guayacán ngumthi omfutshane ngokwentelekiso oqhele ukufikelela kwiimitha ezili-15 kuphela ubude, kodwa unokukhula iimitha ezininzi ngakumbi kwezinye iimeko. Inesithsaba esibanzi kunye namasebe athobe kancinane awenza abe nenkangeleko entle.

Lo mthi udla ngokufumaneka kwiindawo ezitshisayo nezikweleenjiko kumzantsi-ntshona weUnited States, kwanaseMexico nakuMbindi noMzantsi Merika.

Ikhetha ilanga eligcweleyo kunye nomhlaba ococekileyo, kwaye ngokuqhelekileyo isasazeka kwiindawo ezinesanti kufuphi nonxweme lolwandle okanye kufuphi nomlambo. Ikhula kumahlathi omileyo, afumileyo, okanye afumileyo kakhulu. kwakhona ukusuka eMexico, ukuya ePeru naseBrazil, kwaye ePanama ixhaphake kumahlathi esibini nakwiindawo zasezidolophini.

ITabebuia guayacán ngumthi oneempawu ezininzi ezinqwenelekayo; I-trunk yayo ehloniphekileyo kunye ne-cylindrical inika ubuhle obukhethekileyo kunye nenkangeleko yomoya kuyo nayiphi na indawo. Ngaphezu koko, iinkuni zayo eziqinileyo, eziqinileyo zilungele iiprojekthi ezahlukeneyo, ukusuka kwifenitshala kunye nezixhobo zomculo ukuya kwizinto zokuhombisa.

Ekugqibeleni, ngeentyatyambo zayo ezintle nezinevumba elimnandi, Lukhetho oludumileyo lweegadi kunye nembonakalo yomhlaba kwiindawo ezishushu kunye neendawo ezishushu. Ukuba ufuna ukongeza ukubamba ubuhle bendalo, amandla kunye nobuhle kwikhaya lakho okanye kwigadi, umthi weTabebuia guayacán lolona khetho lubalaseleyo.

Ngokunyamekela ngokufanelekileyo kunye nokugcina lo mthi mkhulu, uya kukwazi ukunandipha ubuhle bawo kunye neenzuzo ezizodwa. Nokuba ungumchweli, ungumlungisi womhlaba okanye ungumninimzi, kukho iindlela ezininzi zokwenza uninzi lweempawu ezinikezelayo. Iintyatyambo zayo ezikhethekileyo kunye nezintle, iinkuni eziqinileyo, ezixhathisayo, kunye nobukho bayo obumangalisayo kunye nobuhle ngokuqinisekileyo bokuphucula nayiphi na iprojekthi okanye indawo.


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