Uwenza nini kwaye njani umthi womnquma wokumilisela?

ukwenza ukutyala komnquma kulula

Umthi womnquma womiliso ngu indlela izityalo eziphindaphindayo ngayo kwaye uzame ukwazisa isiqwenga sesebe okanye esinye okanye nangaphezulu amahlumelo kwesinye isityalo.

Siyalazi eli sebe okanye ihlumelo ngegama lomiliselwa, okwangoku xa isityalo sibandakanyiwe kulomiliselo silazi ngegama iphethini okanye umnini wegrafti. Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba isenzo sokumiliselwa komnquma yinto esele yenziwe kangangexesha elithile kwiindawo ezithile, ngakumbi kwezo ndawo kukho inani elikhulu lezityalo.

yenza umgubo womnquma

Kuluntu lwaseValencia, ukumiliselwa ngumsebenzi osetyenziswa rhoqo kunye nombono ukwazi ukuphindaphinda imithi yeminquma.

Inyani yile yokuba amafama anethuba lokuvelisa iindawo zabo zokugcina abantwana ngokusebenzisa Ukusetyenziswa kwemingxuma yomnquma okanye ukusebenzisa imiphetho yomnquma, eya kuthi kamva isetyenziswe njengokumiliselwa kuthathelwa ingqalelo iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zomthi womnquma abaza kuwulima kwaye kukuba ukumiliselwa komthi womnquma kusetyenziswa ngokukodwa ukutshintsha Iindidi zemithi yabantu abadala.

Iindidi zeminquma okanye amasebe

Kwihlumelo okanye amasebe omnquma ekufuneka abalimi bewasebenzise ukuze bakwazi ukuba nala mahlumelo, siyakwazi ukuwachonga iintlobo ezintathu ezahlukeneyo zamathupha, iinkuni, iziqhamo kunye nokulala okungasebenziyo.

Amasebe onyaka omnye

Olu luhlobo lokudubula okanye isebe apho amagqabi angabancedani emazantsi amagqabi ayanconywa, abenakho ukuqaqambisa oko la ngamasebe asetyenziselwa ukumiliselwa kwePUA, xa ubukhulu bayo buboniswa kakhulu.

Amasebe eminyaka emibini

La ngamasebe apho isiseko samagqabi singakhange sivelise iziqhamo, ngendlela efanayo esinokuthi sikuqonde ngayo bud bud abancedisayo, kodwa ezinye zezi zithande ukuphelelwa ngamandla, esi sisizathu sokuba ezinye izinto zomthi womnquma ezisetyenziswa kula masebe, zingaguquki kunyaka olandelayo.

Amasebe eminyaka emithathu

Olu luhlobo lwesebe apho amagqabi sele ewile, ke ngekhe aguquke. Ngaba luhlobo lwesebe eligudileyo, umqondiso ohambelana nokusikwa kwegqabi okanye iziqhamo eziwileyo kunye nesithathu, esihlala sisentla kwaye kwangaxeshanye sihambelana nebhlorha efihlakeleyo, ke ayizukuba ngumthi xa kumiliselwa.

Iinkqubo zokumilisela umnquma

Iinkqubo zokumilisela umnquma

Nganye yeenkqubo esiza kuchaza zikhethwe kuthathelwa ingqalelo ububanzi kunye nobudala bephethini.

Ukudityaniswa kwePUA

Esi sisixhobo somthi somnquma esisetyenziswa ikakhulu kwiingcambu ezisencinci nezithi emva koko zibe ne ububanzi bezantsi ukuya kwi-cm ezimbini.

Ngesi sihlandlo, amasebe aza kusetyenziswa njengegrafti kufuneka abenonyaka ubudala, kwaye kufuneka avele kwinqanaba eliphakathi, kuba ihlumelo lokuqala lemifuno lihamba kakuhle nalo mthi. Kubalulekile ukukhankanya ukuba ukuba senza olu graft kufutshane nomhlaba, kufuneka siyibophe kakuhle ngeplastiki okanye ngeraffiya tape, Ngaphandle kwento yokuba kucetyiswa ukuba senze imfumba encinci yomhlaba ukugubungela lonke ihlumelo lokugqibela.

Ixesha lokucetyiswa kolu fakelo liphakathi ukuya ngasekupheleni kobusika, kodwa lingenziwa nasentwasahlobo.

Ukukhusela i-Shield

Esi sesona silula somthi womnquma silula, ngakumbi xa sinokusebenzisa isityalo esincinci njengepateni enokuba neminyaka eyi-1 ukuya kwe-2 ubudala okanye xa ingamasebe omthi omdala enobubanzi obungu-3 ukuya ku-6 cm.

Olu hlobo lwegrafti kufuneka lwenziwe ngaphakathi Epreli, ngoMeyi nangoJuni, ngehlobo, ngamasebe amatsha okanye amathupha kwangaloo nyaka.

Ukuphakanyiswa kwe-Veneer

Olu hluzo lomthi womnquma luthathwa njengeyona nto ibonisiweyo, ngakumbi xa sifuna iziqu zegrafti okanye amasebe ashinyeneyo kwaye angaphezulu kwe-6 okanye i-7 cm ububanzi. Isizathu soku kukuba ukuba sinendawo enkulu yokubeka ubume bomhlaba, singayenza ibe nkulu ngombono wokuba nendawo yokunxibelelana enkulu phakathi kokudityaniswa kunye nepateni, sinokubanakho ukubeka ngaphezulu i-buds ngegrafti nganye.

Elona xesha licetyiswayo lokwenza oku liyafana nelokukhuselwa kwesihlangu, oko kukuthi, ngasekupheleni kobusika nasekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo, xa isitokhwe kunye nokuthetheleleka zikhula ngokupheleleyo.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
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  1.   Ilie gabriela sitsho

    Ngaba iminquma inokumiliselwa kunye neminye imithi?

    1.    UMonica Sanchez sitsho

      Molo Ilie.

      Kuxhomekeka ekubeni yeyiphi eminye imithi. Imithi yeminquma yeyosapho lweOleaceae, kwaye inokumiliselwa kuphela kweminye imithi yosapho olunye, njengeSiringa, iForsythia, okanye enye iOlea.

      Ukubulisa