Yintoni ityholo kwaye ziziphi iintlobo ezikhoyo?

Imithana zizityalo ezinkulu zasegadini

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Javier martin

Izihlahla zikhulu kwaye ziluncedo kakhulu kwizityalo. Ngabo unokuba negadi entle ngokwenene, kuba, enyanisweni, Zisoloko zisetyenziswa njenge »ukugcwalisa izityalo», okanye ukucanda iindawo. Zininzi iindidi: zineentyatyambo ezihombisayo, zinamagqabi amangalisayo, zinde, zifutshane ... Inyaniso kukuba inokubiza imali eninzi ukukhetha ukuba yeyiphi oyibeka kwindawo ethile kuba, nokuba injani imozulu egadini yakho, Eyona nto intle ukuyenza kukuya kwindawo yokugcina abantwana kunye noluhlu lokuthenga olwenziwe.

Kuko konke oku, Uyazi ukuba yintoni ityholo? Ukuba impendulo iyalandula, ungakhathazeki, kungekudala izakuyeka ukuba ngu 🙂.

Iimpawu zetyrub

Izihlahla eziqhakazayo zihle kwigadi okanye embizeni

I-shrub sisityalo somthi, ngokungafaniyo nomthi, ifikelela kubude obungaphantsi kwe-6m. Amasebe avela kwisiseko, kodwa oku kungakhokelela kwisiphithiphithi, kuba kukho izityalo, ezifana ne-lavender okanye i-thyme, ezingathathelwa ngqalelo njengezihlahla kodwa ngamatyholo anemithi okanye iziqwengana kwaye ziqala ngokuchanekileyo isebe ukusuka kwisiseko.

Iindidi zamatyholo

Ngokubanzi, sizahlula iintlobo ezimbini zezihlahla: abakhweli (njenge-honeysuckle, umdiliya ongeyontombi, ijasmine, njl. nabo bangadingi kukhwela, ezona zininzi (ezinjenge-oleanders, camellias, Rhododendrons, njl.). Banokwahlulwahlulwa ngokungqinelana nokuba bahlala ixesha elide okanye banqabile. Umzekelo, i-laurel ihlala iluhlaza, njenge-Viburnum; Endaweni yoko, iirhasi bushes, i-wisteria, okanye i ingqolowa Banqabile.

Ukusetyenziswa kwamatyholo

Amatyholo aneentyatyambo zokuhombisa kunye / okanye amagqabi, ke zizityalo ezingaze zisilele kwiigadi. Ukongeza, ezinye zazo zineziqhamo ezityiwayo, ezinje ngemithi ye-strawberry okanye iirharnate. Zingasetyenziselwa uthango ukubonelela ngasese kunye nokusondelelana negadi, ukuhambisa iindawo, okanye njengeziboniso ezizimeleyo.

Ukuba ukhetha, ungakhetha zikhule ngembiza kwipatiyo okanye kwibalkoni yakho. Ngokuqinisekileyo baya kuba yinto emangalisayo 🙂.

Imizekelo yamatyholo

Nalu uluhlu lwezitiya zegadi okanye zembiza, ezineempawu eziphambili kunye nokhathalelo:

Izihlahla eziqhakazayo

Xa sithetha ngezihlahla eziqhakazayo sibhekisa kolo hlobo lwezityalo ezihlala ixesha elifutshane ezivelisa iintyatyambo ezibonisa. Kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba kukho ezinye, nangona zineentyatyambo, azinaxabiso lokuhombisa; kwaye kukho ezinye ezingenazo, ezinje ngeeconifers.

Azalea

I-Azalea zizityalo ezihlala ziluhlaza

Las azalea bobabo bohlobo lweRhododendron, kunye ne-subgenus Pentanthera. Bazi izihlahla ezihlala ziluhlaza evela eAsia. Bafikelela kubude obumalunga neesentimitha ezingama-40-50, kwaye avelisa amagqabi amancinci, aluhlaza mnyama kwicala elingasentla nangaphantsi ezantsi. Iintyatyambo zayo zinemibala eyahlukeneyo: mhlophe, bomvu, tyheli, kwaye ziyavela entwasahlobo.

Unonophelo

Zizityalo ezifuna ukuba semthunzini, zikhule kwimihlaba eneasidi okanye kwimigca emincinci, ene-pH phakathi kwesi-4 nesi-6. Amanzi amaxesha ama-3-4 ngeveki ehlotyeni. Bayamelana neqabaka ezibuthathaka ukuya ku -3ºC.

IPolygala myrtifolia

Jonga i-myrtifolia yePolygala

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz

La IPolygala myrtifolia Yiyo isihlahla okanye isihlahla esihlala sihlaza Inzalelwane yoMzantsi Afrika efikelela kubude obuziimitha ezi-2 ukuya kwezi-4. Ikhula umboko onamasebe ubude obumalunga nemitha, kwaye uvelisa iintyatyambo ezimfusa entwasahlobo-ehlotyeni.

Unonophelo

Kufuneka ibekwe kwindawo enelanga, nemihlaba yelitye lekalika enamanzi amahle. Amanzi amancinci, malunga neveki kabini ehlotyeni nangaphantsi konyaka. Inqaba ukuya kwi -2ºC, mhlawumbi -3ºC.

I-China yenyuka

Ukujonga i-China rose

Umfanekiso - Wikimedia / B.navez

La I-china inyukile, ogama lakhe lezenzululwazi IHibiscus rosa-sinensisngu- i-evergreen shrub imvelaphi yaseMpuma Asia. Ifikelela kubude obufikelela kwiimitha ezi-5, nangona kunjalo into eqhelekileyo kukuba ayidluli kwi-2 yeemitha. Ivelisa iintyatyambo ezinkulu ukusuka entwasahlobo ukuya ehlotyeni kude kube kokwindla kwimozulu eshushu, enemibala eyahlukeneyo: bomvu, tyheli, orenji, mhlophe, bicolor, ...

Unonophelo

Sisityalo esihlala elangeni nakwimithunzi engaphantsi, esidinga ukunkcenkceshelwa okungaphezulu okanye okuncinci (malunga namaxesha ama-3-4 ngeveki ehlotyeni, kwaye kunciphise okunye). Inqaba ikhephu ukuya -4ºC.

Izihlahla ezihlala ziluhlaza

Los izihlahla ezihlala ziluhlaza ezo zihlala zihlala ziluhlaza. Oku kuthetha ukuba siyakuhlala siwabona enamagqabi, kodwa la magqabi ayakuwela kancinci kancinci njengoko kuvela amatsha.

I-Abelia

I-Abelia floribunda sisihlahla esihlala sihlaza

Umfanekiso-Wikimedia / peganum evela kwi-Small Dole, eNgilane

La I-Abelia, ogama lakhe lezenzululwazi I-Abelia floribundangu- i-evergreen shrub imvelaphi yaseMexico ikhula ukuya kubude obufikelela kwiimitha ezimbini. Amagqabi awo aluhlaza ocacileyo kwaye avelisa iintyatyambo ehlotyeni nasekwindla. Ezi zimhlophe zipinki, zimile okwexilongo.

Unonophelo

Beka ilanga elipheleleyo, embizeni kunye ne-substrate yendalo yonke okanye i-mulch exutywe ne-30% ye-perlite. Amanzi amaxesha ama-3 okanye ama-4 ngeveki ehlotyeni, anciphise amanye. Inqaba ikhephu ukuya -4ºC.

Ukucoca imibhobho

Isicoci sombhobho sisihlahla esihlala sihlaza

El isicoci-mibhobho okanye umthi webrashi, ogama lakhe lenzululwazi ngu ICallistemon citrinusngu- i-evergreen shrub imvelaphi yase-Australia. Ikhula ukuya kubude obuphezulu beemitha ezi-4, kwaye entwasahlobo ivelisa iintyatyambo ezinomtsalane: ngombala obomvu obomvu njenge-inflorescence.

Unonophelo

Kufuneka ibe kwilanga elipheleleyo, kwiimbiza ezinemigca emincinci ecofayo, njengomxube we-substrate yendalo iperlite kwiindawo ezilinganayo. Ukunkcenkceshela ukusuka kumodareyitha ukuya kokuncinci, malunga namaxesha ama-2 okanye ama-3 ngeveki ehlotyeni, kwaye zonke iintsuku ezisi-7 ukuya kwezi-10. Inqaba ukuya kwi -7ºC.

I-Photinia 'Red Robin'

I-Photinia Red Robin sisihlahla esingapheliyo

La Photinia 'Red Robin', i-hybrid phakathi Ifotinia glabra x Ifotinia serrulata, kunye negama lakhe lenzululwazi I-Photinia x fraseri 'ebomvu uRobin', yi i-evergreen shrub efikelela kubude beemitha ezi-3. Amagqabi ayo ngawona atsala kakhulu: luhlaza ebusika, lubomvu entwasahlobo kwaye limfusa ehlotyeni.

Unonophelo

Iya kuhlala kakuhle ezimbizeni kunye ne-substrate ekhulayo yendalo iphela, malunga ne-3 yeeveki zokunkcenkceshela ehlotyeni nangaphantsi kokunye. Iyamelana neqabaka phantsi ukuya -7ºC.

Ukubumba izihlahla

Inyani yile yokuba nayiphi na i-shrub inokuba nayo embizeni, kuba konke okanye ngaphezulu kukunyamezele ukuthena kakuhle. Ngoku, ukuba ufuna ukwazi ukuba zeziphi ezizezona zifanelekileyo, nazi ezintathu:

Imephu yaseJapan (izilimo)

Imephu yaseJapan sisihlahla esinqumlayo

El Imephu yaseJapan, ogama lakhe lezenzululwazi Acer palmatum, ngumthi okanye umthi onqabileyo Inzalelwane yaseAsia engagqitha kwiimitha ezili-10. Kodwa izilimo zikhula zibe ziimitha ezi-5 kuphela, Kwaye ndiza kukuxelela ngamava ukuba bayakunyamezela ukuthena kakuhle ukuze ubenako nokuba kuncinci. Ezona zinomdla zezi:

  • I-Acer palmatum cv iNkosazana encinci: ikhula imitha enye.
  • I-Acer palmatum var dissectum cv Seyriu: ezimile ngenaliti, amagqabi aluhlaza.
  • I-Acer palmatum cv Iphupha eli-Orenji: ukusuka kumagqabi esundu ajika abe orenji ekwindla.
Unonophelo

Zizityalo ezihlala emthunzini omncinci, kwaye kwiimbiza zifuna i-substrates zezityalo ze-acidophilic. Kwimeko apho ukuloMeditera, kukhetha ukuba usebenzise Akadama exutywe ne-30% yekiryuzuna okanye ipumice, njengoko i-peat-type substrates ibenzakalisa. Amanzi okunkcenkceshela kufuneka abene asidi (pH phakathi kwe-4 ne-6), kwaye kufuneka unkcenkceshelwe amaxesha ayi-3-4 ngeveki ehlotyeni, ze unciphise unyaka wonke. Baxhathisa ukuya kwi -18ºC, kodwa azifanelekanga kwimozulu yetropiki.

Evonimo

I-eponymous yi-shrub enqabileyo

El engaziwa, ikwabizwa ngokuba yibhokisi yomthi okanye ibhonethi, kunye negama lakhe lenzululwazi U-Euonymus europaeusngu- I-shrub enqabileyo owazalelwa kumbindi weYurophu. Ifikelela kubude beemitha ezi-3 ukuya kwezi-6, kodwa into eqhelekileyo kukuyithena kwaye uyiyeke kwimitha enye ubuninzi.

Unonophelo

Ikhula kwilanga eligcweleyo, nakwiimbiza ezinomhlaba wonke oxutywe ne-30% ye-perlite. Amanzi ngokuphakathi, malunga neveki kabini ehlotyeni, kwaye veki nganye okanye unyaka wonke. Inqaba ukubanda nengqele ukuya kwi - 18ºC.

IHydrangea

IHydrangea sisihlahla esinqabileyo

La hydrangea, ogama lakhe lezenzululwazi IHydrangea macrophyllangu- I-shrub enqabileyo imvelaphi yaseJapan ngubani ifikelela kubude obuphakathi kwe-1 ne-3 yeemitha. Ivelisa iintyatyambo eziqokelelwe kwii-inflorescence ezinkulu, ezimhlophe, eziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, ezibomvu okanye ezipinki.

Unonophelo

Beka emthunzini, kunye ne-substrate yezityalo ze-asidi, kunye namanzi malunga namaxesha ama-4 ngeveki ehlotyeni kunye neentsuku ezi-6 ukuya kwezi-7 ezishiyekileyo ngemvula okanye nge-asidi yamanzi (pH phakathi kwe-4 kunye ne-6). Inqaba ukuya kwi -4ºC.

Ucinga ntoni ngayo yonke into oyifundileyo ngamatyholo? Siyathemba ukuba iluncedo kuwe 🙂.


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  1.   UABEL HERDEZ .V. sitsho

    KULUNGILE KAKHULU UKUBA ABANTU BANOMDLA KWIMVELO KWEZITYALO NOKULIMA UKUBA BANESAZI SOKUQWALASELA NGELIZWE LWEZITYALA BAYE BALISASA NGENXA YOMSEBENZI.

    1.    UMonica Sanchez sitsho

      Siyavuya ukuba uyifumana inomdla, u-Abel 🙂

  2.   Elena sitsho

    Ndingathanda ukuba babeke umzobo wezityalo, kuba kukho amagama angaziwayo. Ndiyabulisa ...

    1.    UMonica Sanchez sitsho

      Sawubona Elena
      Ngenxa yoko sihlala sibeka amakhonkco kumakhadi, kuba ngale ndlela unokufikelela kuzo kwaye ubone imifanekiso.

      Ngapha koko, ukuba ufuna ukwazi ukuba injani, musa ukuthandabuza, usixelele

      Ukubulisa