I-Maguey del monte (i-Agave potatorum)

I-Agave potatorum idabuka eMexico.

Phakathi kwama-succulents amaningi atholakala kule planethi yi- Agave potatorum. Kuyisitshalo esidabuka eMexico ukuthi Sekungamakhulu eminyaka ilinywa ngenxa yezakhiwo zayo zokwelapha nezokupheka. Lolu hlobo lwe-agave luvame ukubizwa ngokuthi "i-agave ye-tequileros" ngenxa yokusetshenziswa kwayo ekukhiqizeni i-tequila. Nokho, lesi siphuzo sisetshenziswa nasekulungiseni imikhiqizo ehlukahlukene, njenge-pulque, isiphuzo sotshwala esivamile saseMexico, nompe, isiraphu yemvelo esetshenziswa embonini yokudla.

Kulesi sihloko sizochaza Yini I-Agave potatorum futhi isetshenziselwa ini. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uma unesithakazelo ekukhuliseni le mifino, sizokhuluma ngokuthi ungayikhiqiza kanjani futhi sizoxoxa ngokunakekelwa okudingekayo. Ngithemba ukuthi lolu lwazi luwusizo futhi luthakazelisa!

Iyini i-Agave potatorum?

I-Agave potatorum luhlobo lwesitshalo esimnandi

La I-Agave potatorum, eyaziwa nangokuthi i-Maguey del monte, i-Maguey de mezcal noma i-Maguey mariposa, kungcono isitshalo esinamanzi okomndeni wakwa I-Agavaceae. Idabuka eMexico futhi itshalwa ikakhulukazi amaqabunga ayo anenyama namnandi, asetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kotshwala obufana ne-mezcal ne-tequila. Kubuye kube isitshalo sokuhlobisa esithandwayo ngenxa yokubukeka kwayo okukhangayo kanye namaqabunga amakhulu, aminyene.

Ngenxa yobuhle bayo nosayizi ohlangene, iyisengezo esidumile kumaqoqo we-cactus namaqoqo amnandi. Nakuba kuyiqiniso ukuthi ukusetshenziswa okuyinhloko kwe- I-Agave potatorum Isetshenziswa njengesitshalo sokuhlobisa ezingadini nasemagcekeni, ibuye isetshenziswe ekukhiqizeni i-mezcal. Lesi isiphuzo sotshwala sendabuko saseMexico esikhiqizwa ekuvubeleni nasekufakweni emanzini kwe-pulque ekhishwe esitshalweni. Eqinisweni, igama elithi "potatorum" lisuselwa ku "potator", elihunyushwa ngokuthi "isiphuzo", ngaleyo ndlela libhekisela ekusetshenzisweni kwalo njenge-agave ye-mezcalero.

Ngaphezu kokuhlukahluka kwayo kwe-Culinary, la I-Agave potatorum Iyaziwa nangezakhiwo zayo zokwelapha. Lesi sitshalo siqukethe izinto ezilwa nokuvuvukala nezidambisa izinhlungu eziye zasetshenziswa ukwelapha izimo ezahlukahlukene, kusukela ekuphathweni kwekhanda kuya esifweni senhliziyo nemithambo yegazi. I-Agave potatorum nayo iboniswe ukuthi inomphumela omuhle empilweni yamathumbu futhi ingase ibe usizo ekwelapheni isifo sikashukela. Kafushane, i-Agave potatorum iyisitshalo esiguquguqukayo nesibalulekile esisetshenziswe izizukulwane ngezizukulwane zaseLatin America ngezinjongo zokupheka nezokwelashwa.

Indlela yokukhiqiza i-agave potatorum?

Manje ukuthi siyazi ukuthi yini I-Agave potatorum, ake sibone ukuthi singayikhiqiza kanjani uma sifuna ukulima lolu hlobo. Kunezindlela ezintathu ezihlukene zokuyisakaza:

  1. Ngembewu: Njengoba sesishilo ngaphambili, isitshalo siqhakaza kanye kuphela empilweni yaso futhi sikhiqiza imbewu ngemva kokuqhakaza. Imbewu ingahlwanyelwa ku-substrate efakwe kahle futhi igcinwe imanzi kuze kube yilapho iqhuma. Kufanele kushiwo ukuthi le ndlela inzima kakhulu futhi idinga isikhathi esiningi kunezinye.
  2. Okokusikwa: Amahlamvu we I-Agave potatorum zingasikwa futhi zisetshenziswe njengezicucu zokusabalalisa. Amaqabunga asikiwe kufanele ashiywe ukuze aphulukiswe izinsuku ezimbalwa bese etshalwa endaweni engaphansi evuthwe kahle.
  3. Ngezingane: Ezinye izinhlobo ze I-Agave potatorum Bakhiqiza ama-suckers esisekelweni sabo. Lawa masucker angahlukaniswa nesitshalo sikamama futhi atshalwe ukuze akhe izitshalo ezintsha.

Kubalulekile ukucabangela ukuthi i-Maguey del monte iyisitshalo ukukhula kancane nokuthi kungathatha iminyaka eminingana ukufinyelela usayizi wayo omdala.

Ngokuqondene nokubukeka kwayo, i-Maguey del monte isitshalo esinamanzi esiphakathi nendawo esingakhula sibe ngamamitha angu-1,2 ubude namamitha angu-1,5 ububanzi. Inamaqabunga awugqinsi, a-lanceolate anemiphetho ebukhali kanye nokuthungwa okubushelelezi lapho uthintwa. Ingaphezulu lamahlamvu anombala oluhlaza okotshani onamabala ansundu noma ampunga, futhi angase abe nomugqa omaphakathi omhlophe noma ophuzi. Isiqu esimaphakathi sifushane futhi sikhuphukela phezulu ukusuka maphakathi ne-rosette yeqabunga. I I-Agave potatorum iqhakaza kanye kuphela empilweni yayo futhi ikhiqiza i-inflorescence enkulu, ewugqinsi emise okwe-spike. Izimbali ziphuzi noma zimhlophe ngombala futhi zitholakala ekugcineni kwe-inflorescence.

Ukunakekelwa kwe-Maguey de monte

I-Agave potatorum yaziwa nangokuthi iMaguey del monte

Sesiyazi ukuthi kuyini I-Agave potatorum kanye nendlela yokuyikhiqiza kabusha, kodwa ikuphi ukunakekelwa lokhu okumnandi okudingayo? Uma sifuna iMaguey del monte yethu ichume ngendlela efanele, kufanele silandele iseluleko esilandelayo:

  • Ukukhanya: Idinga ukukhanya okuqinile, okuqondile ukuze ichume.
  • Ukunisela: Ukunisela kufanele kube okulingene, okuvumela inhlabathi ukuba yome phakathi kokunisela. Ayikubekezeleli amanzi amaningi.
  • Ithempelesha: Iyakwazi ukubekezelela amazinga okushisa ahlukahlukene, ukusuka ku-XNUMX kuya ku-XNUMX degrees Celsius.
  • Phansi: Ithanda inhlabathi ekhanyiswe kahle ene-acidic kancane ukuya kwe-pH engathathi hlangothi.
  • Ukuvundisa: Ukuvundisa njalo akudingekile, kodwa umanyolo olinganiselayo ungasetshenziswa ngamanani amancane ngesikhathi sokukhula okusebenzayo.
  • Ukuthena: Nakuba kuyiqiniso ukuthi i-Maguey del monte ayidingi ukuthenwa, kunconywa kakhulu ukuyinquma ukuze igcine ukuma kwayo noma ukususa amaqabunga omile noma awonakele.

Ngamafuphi, u-A.Wanikeza Potatorum Kuyisitshalo esiqinile, esinakekela kalula esidinga ukukhanya okuqinile, ukunisela okusesilinganisweni, nomhlabathi okhipha amanzi kahle ukuze ukhule.

Izinhlupho nezifo

Kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi i- I-Agave potatorum Ingathinteka yizinambuzane nezifo ezahlukahlukene, kufaka phakathi okulandelayo:

  • Ama-Mealybugs: Ziyizinambuzane ezincane ezidla ubisi lwesitshalo, ezidala umonakalo emaqabunga futhi zinciphise ukukhiqizwa kwe-nectar. Bona ifayela.
  • I-Nematodes: Ziyizibungu ezincane ezingalimaza izimpande futhi zinciphise ukumuncwa kwezakhamzimba yisitshalo. Bona ifayela.
  • Amakhowe: Ezinye izifo zesikhunta zingathinta impilo yempande kanye nesisekelo sesitshalo. Bona ifayela.
  • Impukane emhlophe: Kuyizinambuzane ezingabangela ukulimala kwamaqabunga futhi kunciphise ukukhiqizwa kwe-nectar. Bona ifayela.

Kubalulekile ukwenza izinyathelo zokuvimbela kanye nokulawula ukuvikela impilo I-Agave potatorum futhi kuvimbele ukubonakala kwalezi zinambuzane nezifo. Lokhu kuhlanganisa ukuqapha isitshalo njalo, ukusebenzisa izibulala-zinambuzane nezibulala-sikhunta uma kunesidingo, nokugcina uhlelo oluhle lokunisela nokukhipha amanzi.

Ngalo lonke lolu lwazi sikulungele ukukhula nokunakekela iMaguey del monte yethu!


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.