Yintoni ukuhluma?

Imbewu ihluma ukuba iyenzeka

Ukuntshula kweembewu yinkqubo enkosi apho umhlaba ugcwele izityalo. Kubalulekile ekusindisweni kweentlobo zezityalo, kodwa nakwizilwanyana kwaye, ngenxa yoko, nakubantu, kuba nangona singayithandi imifuno kufuneka sitye iziqhamo kunye nemifuno, kunye nokuzikhusela elangeni kunye / okanye ukonwabela yendalo.

Kodwa ngelixa sikuthatha njengenyaniso yokuba zonke izityalo emhlabeni zisasazeka ngandlela thile, ezo zikwenza oko ngokuvelisa kunye nokuhluma kwembewu emva koko kunzima kakhulu. Okokuqala, iya kuba ngamarhamncwa kwaye emva koko ngumngundo, ibhaktiriya kunye neentsholongwane eziya kuzama ukubonakalisa. Umngcipheko wokuba bonakalise uphezulu kakhulu, kodwa ngethamsanqa sifunde ukunciphisa. Masazi ukuba yintoni ukuhluma.

Yintoni ukuhluma?

Ukuhluma kukuzalwa, ukuba ndingathetha, ngesityalo. Linyathelo lokuqala ebomini bakho, kwaye lelona libalulekileyo. Inokuthi ithathe nje kancinci njengeentsuku ezimbalwa, eli lixesha elininzi lothatha amayeza ukuze lihlume, okanye mhlawumbi iminyaka eliqela, njengemithi ethile ehlala kwimimandla yemozulu ebanda kakhulu kwihlabathi.

Kodwa into ecacileyo yeyokuba abo bakwaziyo ukuhluma banethamsanqa, kuba imbewu kufuneka ibekwimeko elungileyo ukuze ikwazi ukufeza umsebenzi wayo. Kodwa zithini ezo meko? Koko kukuthi, Yeyiphi impawu ekufuneka ibenayo ukuze ihlume? Zezi zilandelayo:

  • Kufuneka ukuba ukhulile. Kufuneka iphuhliswe ngokupheleleyo kwaye ibe nobungakanani bayo bokugqibela.
  • Kufuneka isebenze; Ngamanye amagama, kufuneka ibenendlela yokuhluma ukuze kwenzeke. Kwaye oko kunokwenzeka kuphela xa intyatyambo idluliselwa ipoleni, kuba kulapho i-ovary ichunyiswa.
  • Kubalulekile ukuba uphile kwaye ukwimeko entle. Ukuba ihlaselwe lutshaba (isilwanyana okanye i-microorganism) kuya kuba nzima ukuba ihlume.

Athini amanqanaba okuhluma?

Ukuhluma kuhamba ngezigaba ezi-4

Umfanekiso -Wikimedia / MAKY.OREL

Le nkqubo inezigaba ezithathu, ezizezi:

  • Ukubonakala komdaka: iya kuthi kungekudala ibe yingcambu ephambili eya kuthi isebenze kwisityalo esibambeleyo. Emva kweentsuku ezimbalwa, iingcambu eziziisekondari ziya kuhluma zisuka kwinxalenye ephezulu; Aba baya kuba ngabajongene nokukhangela umswakama.
  • Ukukhula kwehypocotyl: i hypocotyl sisiqu esikhulu. Ivela ngokukhawuleza, kwaye ihlala ijijile iye ezantsi, nangona kukho ukungafani (kwemithi yesundu, umzekelo, ikhula ngqo kwasekuqaleni).
  • Ukuvela kweCotyledon: i icotyledon Igqabi lakudala, eliya kuba ligunya lokunika amandla isithole ukuze sivelise amagqabi okuqala ayinyani. Kamsinya nje zakuhluma, ziya koma. Kuyimfuneko ukwahlulahlula izityalo ezine-cotyledon (monocots) kwezo zinee-dicots ezimbini. Eyokuqala yimifuno, imithi yesundu, ii-bromeliads, iinkwenkwezi okanye imithi yebhanana, phakathi kwezinye; kwelinye icala, le yokugqibela yimithi, izihlahla, izityalo ezinevumba elimnandi, okanye izityalo ezinyukayo, phakathi kwezinye.
  • Ukudubula kwamagqabi okuqala ayinyani: linyathelo lokugqibela lokuntshula. Ukususela ngoku ukuya phambili, isityalo siya kukwazi ukufumana amandla kunye nobukhulu.

Wazi njani ukuba imbewu izakuhluma?

Indlela ekhawulezayo yokufumanisa ukuba ibandakanya gcwalisa iglasi ngamanzi kwaye ubeke imbewu. Abo batshonayo iya kuba ngabo bahlumayo, kwaye abo bahlala bedada baya kuba ngabo bangayiyo. Into eqhelekileyo kukuba ibonwa kwangoko, kodwa ukuba balinganisa isiqingatha sesentimitha okanye enye into, kungcono ukubashiya iiyure ezingama-24.

Zeziphi ezi zityalo? Imifuno, iibhalbous, iimbotyi, iintende, imithi ... Ngamafutshane, phantse zonke.

Unyango lokubenza ukuba bahlume ngokukhawuleza

Unyango olwenziwe kwangaphambili lunceda imbewu ihlume

Zininzi iindlela zokufumanisa. Kodwa kubalulekile ukugcina engqondweni ukuba zininzi iintlobo zembewu, kwaye ayizizo zonke ezifuna iimeko ezifanayo ukuze zihlume; Ngesi sizathu, ayizizo zonke iindlela ezisebenza kuzo zonke iimbewu.

Zisike ngesandpaper

Imbewu yemithi emininzi igutyungelwe yifilimu ebhityileyo kodwa ekwakunzima ukuyikhusela kwingqele nobushushu. Yimeko ye idelonix yasebukhosini (ngomsindo), tipuana tipu, URobinia pseudoacacia, Albizia, Acacia, njl. Enye indlela yokubenza ukuba bahlume ngokukhawuleza ukubasanti kancinci ngephepha elifanelekileyo.

Kuya kufuneka uyenze ngononophelo, udlulise i-sandpaper amatyeli aliqela de sibone ukuba umbala uyatshintsha. Emva kwexesha, zifakwa kwiglasi enamanzi kwaye, ukuba ziyatshona, kukuba ziya kuhluma.

Umothuko wobushushu

Siyaqhubeka nemithi. Kukho ezinye, ezinje ngeAacacia okanye iAlbizia ngokomzekelo, ezihluma msinyane ukuba ziphantsi kothuselo olushushu. Le ndlela yindlela kubandakanya ukugcwalisa iglasi ngamanzi ashushu, ukubeka imbewu kwisefa kwaye ukuyibeka kwiglasi umzuzwana. Ngokukhawuleza emva koko, kufuneka babekwe kwenye iglasi ngamanzi kubushushu begumbi kwaye babagcine apho kangangeeyure ezingama-24.

Emva kwelo xesha baya kukulungela ukuhlwayela, kwaye ukuntshula kuya kwenzeka emva kwiveki enye okanye ezimbini.

Ukucwangciswa

Lunyango lwaphambi kokuntshula oluya kukhuthaza ukuntshula kwezo mbewu ezifuna ukubanda okanye ukutshisa iiveki ezimbalwa ngaphambi kokuba zihlume. Ke ngoko, kukho iindidi ezimbini:

  • Ukucoca ubandayo: yenye yeembewu ezivezwa kumaqondo obushushu asezantsi, ngaphantsi kwe-10ºC, kangangeenyanga ezimbalwa. Yiyo le, umzekelo, iimephu (Acer sp), ihashe chestnut (I-Aesculus hippocastanum), ii-oki kunye nezinto ezinje (iQuercus), njl. Olunye ulwazi.
  • Ukwahlulahlula ngobushushu: kulapho imbewu ivezwa khona kumaqondo obushushu aphezulu, anje ngebaobabs (Adansonia).

Zombini zinokwenziwa ngokungekho mthethweni xa iimeko kwindawo yethu zingonelanga. Umzekelo, kwimeko yokuqala, into esinokuyenza kukuyityalela kwi-tupperware kwaye siyibeke efrijini; kwaye okwesibini gcwalisa ibhotile eshushu ngamanzi ashushu (ngaphandle kokutsha) kwaye ungenise imbewu kuyo apho iya kuba lusuku olunye okanye ezimbini.

Iingcebiso zokuthenga imbewu esemgangathweni

Ukuba ungomnye wabo bathanda ukuhlwayela imbewu, ukugqiba kwethu sikunika uthotho lweengcebiso ukuze ufumane olona mgangatho ubalaseleyo:

  • Qinisekisa ukuba umthengisi usemthethweniNamhlanje baninzi bethu bathenga izityalo kunye nembewu kwi-intanethi, kodwa kufuneka siyenze kuphela xa umthengisi esinika ukuzithemba. Umzekelo, ukuba ukwiAmazon, i-eBay, okanye iisayithi ezifanayo, kuya kufuneka ube nezona mpendulo zintle.
  • Thenga imbewu entsha xa kunokwenzeka: kwezinye izitalato ezikwi-Intanethi uya kubona ukuba ithi »entsha». Ngesi sizathu, kuyacetyiswa ukuba uthenge ezintsha, kuba zezona zithengisiweyo ngumthengisi kwaye ngenxa yoko, zezona zinokuhluma.
  • Ukubheja kubathengisi kwilizwe lakhoUkuthengiswa kwembewu kwilizwe jikelele kuyavunyelwa, kodwa ke kuphela xa kuthengiswa iintlobo ezingekho sichengeni. Zininzi izityalo ezibandakanyiweyo kuluhlu lweentlobo ezisengozini yokuphela. Kule nto kufuneka yongezwe ukuba amazwe anemithetho nemigaqo yawo elawula ukungeniswa kwembewu kwamanye amazwe. Ke ngoko, eyona nto intle esinokuyenza njengabathengi kukukhetha urhwebo olukufuphi. Ngale ndlela asizukubeka emngciphekweni ngokungeyomfuneko.

Siyathemba ukuba olu lwazi luya kuba luncedo kuwe ukwazi ukuba yintoni ukuhluma, kwaye wazi njani ukuba zinokuntshula.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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