Ungayihlwayela njani imbewu yeStrelitzia?

Imbewu yeStrelitzia ityalwa entwasahlobo

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Tatters ters

I-Strelitzia okanye intaka yeParadesi yenye yezityalo onokuthi ube negadi entle okanye ihonjiswe ngazo Ukulima nokugcinwa kwayo kulula kakhulu, kakhulu kangangokuba ifuna ukuba kwindawo evezwe lilanga ngqo kunye nokunkcenkceshelwa kube kanye okanye kabini ngeveki ukukhula nokukhula ngaphandle kwengxaki.

Mhlawumbi ngenxa yesi sizathu abantu abaninzi bayazibuza indlela yokuhlwayela imbewu yeStrelitzia. Ukuba ungomnye wabo, fumanisa ungazifumana njani iikopi ezininzi ngexabiso eliphantsi kakhulu.

Bahlwayelwa njani?

IStrelitzia sisityalo esityalwa kwimozulu eshushu

IStrelitzia zizityalo ezintle, ezivelisa iintyatyambo ezinemibala eqaqambileyo. Nangona ukukhula kwazo kucotha kakhulu, kubangel’ umdla ukubona indlela ezintshula kwaye zikhule ngayo. Ngoko ke, ukuba unethuba, unganqikazi ukuhlwayela imbewu yezi zityalo. Apha sichaza onke amanyathelo ekufuneka uwalandele:

Fumana imbewu

Ukufumana izithole ezininzi zeStrelitzia, eyona nto ilungileyo kukufumana imbewu entsha, ngqo kwisityalo, ehlotyeni okanye ekuqaleni kokwindla. Kodwa oku kuhlala kunzima kakhulu, ke Asizukukhetha ngaphandle kokuthenga imvulophu eneembewu entwasahlobo, ezithengiswa kwiivenkile zegadi, i-nursery kunye nakwiwebhusayithi apho bathengisa kuphela izityalo kunye / okanye imbewu nje ukuba umthengisi kunye / okanye ishishini lifumene izimvo ezilungileyo kwabanye abathengi.

Andicebisi ukuzithenga kwizikhumbuzo okanye kwiindawo ezifanayo, njengoko ezi ndawo zingathembekanga ukuzithenga.

Jonga ukuba ziyasebenza na okanye hayi

Xa sele usekhaya, Sifaka imbewu kwiglasi yamanzi iintsuku ezimbini, ukutshintsha ulwelo oluxabisekileyo kunye nokucoca isitya yonke imihla ukuze kuthintelwe ukwanda kweebhaktheriya. Ngale ndlela siya kwazi ukuba ngoobani na abaya kusikhonza, yaye ngabaphi abangayi kusikhonza. Eyokuqala iya kuba zezo zitshonayo, ngelixa ezo zishiyekileyo zisenokwenzeka ukuba azinakwenzeka. Ngapha koko, ukuba awufuni kuzilahla, ungazityala kwibhedi eyohlukileyo. Nangona ingeyonto iqhelekileyo, ngamanye amaxesha iyantshulisa ezinye kwezo besicinga ukuba aziloncedo ekuqaleni.

Lungisa umandlalo wembewu

Emva kwelo xesha, kuya kuba lixesha lokulungiselela ibhedi yembewu. Kananjalo sinokusebenzisa phantse nantoni na: iimbiza zeentyatyambo, iitreyi zezithole ezifana yi, izikhongozeli zobisi, iiglasi zeyogathi… Ekuphela kwento omawuyazi kukuba kufuneka ibe nomngxuma omnye ubuncinane wokukhupha amanzi; Ukuba awunayo, siya kuyenza ngemela ekrazukileyo okanye ngesikere; kwaye ukuba sikhetha isitya sokutya, kufuneka sicoceke phambi kokuhlwayela imbewu.

Hlwayela imbewu

Itreyi ene-substrate, ilungele ukuhlwayela imbewu

Emva sigcwalisa ibhedi yembewu nge-universal culture substrate (iyathengiswa apha), i-mulch okanye i-compost kwaye uyinkcenkceshele ngokucokisekileyo, ukuze wonke umhlaba ufumile. Ngoku, kufuneka uzihlwayele, kodwa ngokuxhomekeke kumandlalo wembewu kuya kufuneka sibeke inani eliphezulu lembewu. Umzekelo:

  • Iitreyi zezithole: 1 okanye 2 kwisokethi nganye.
  • Iiglasi zeyogathi, izitya zobisi: 1 okanye 2.
  • Imbiza yeentyatyambo:
    • Ukusuka kwi-5,5 ukuya kwi-6,5cm ububanzi: 1 okanye 2.
    • Ukusuka kwi-8,5 ukuya kwi-13cm ububanzi: 2 okanye 3.
    • Ukususela kwi-14 ukuya kwi-20cm: ukusuka kwi-2 ukuya kwi-4.

Y kuzo zonke iimeko kufuneka bahlulwe, ngokukhawuleza ngokungxamisekile. Oku kubaluleke kakhulu, kuba ukuba zisondelelene kwaye zonke ziyantshula, kuya kuba nzima kakhulu ukuzohlula kwaye ufumane zombini izithole ukuba ziqhubeke zikhula.

Kwelinye icala, kwaye ekubeni zingenakuntshula ukuba zibekwe elangeni ngokuthe ngqo, Siya kubagubungela ngoluhlu lwe-1 centimeter okanye ngaphantsi kwe-substrate.

Ukuze kuthintelwe ukubonakala kwe amakhowa, Siya kufaka ubhedu okanye isulfure kunye namanzi kwakhona. Ngale ndlela, imbewu iya kuba kweyona ibhedi ilungileyo, kuba ayiyi kuba namanzi kuphela, kodwa ayizukuxhalela nantoni na.

Ukuze yonke into iqhubeke ngokuhamba kakuhle, Kuyimfuneko ukubeka ibhedi yembewu kwindawo eqaqambe kakhulu ngaphandle kwaye ungawuvumeli umhlaba wome. Ke, ziya kuhluma emva kweenyanga ezimbini.

Ihlwayelwa nini imbewu yeStrelitzia?

Ezi zizityalo zemvelaphi yetropiki kunye ne-subtropical, ngenxa yesi sizathu, zidinga ukushisa ukuze zihlume. A) Ewe, elona xesha lifanelekileyo yintlakohlaza okanye ekuqaleni kwehlobo. Amaqondo obushushu kufuneka abephezulu, ubuncinane be-20ºC, kwaye awona aphezulu angama-30ºC. Ngale ndlela, ukuba ziyakwazi ukuphila, ziya kuntshula ngexesha elifutshane.

Emva koko, zakuba zintshulile, ziya kuba nethuba lokuqhubeka zikhula ngalo lonke ixesha eliseleyo lasehlotyeni, de kubuye ingqele. Xa oku kusenzeka, ukuba kukho iqabaka siya kuzikhusela ngaphakathi endlwini, kodwa ukuba akukho qabaka okanye zibuthathaka kakhulu (ukuhla ukuya kutsho ku -1 okanye -2ºC) kwaye zifika ngexesha, sinokuzishiya ngaphandle kwindawo ekhuselweyo kumhlaba okhuselekileyo. umoya.

Zeziphi iintlobo zeStrelitzia ezinokukhuliswa?

La IStrelitzia reginae Lolona didi luxhaphakileyo, kodwa kukho ezinye iintlobo ezenza igadi entle kakhulu okanye izityalo zeterrace. Phuma:

I-Strelitzia alba (ngaphambili I-Strelitzia augusta)

I-Strelitzia alba inkulu kakhulu

La I-Strelitzia albat I-Strelitzia augusta, sisityalo esithi ifikelela kwiimitha ezi-10 ukuphakama. Amagqabi aziimitha ezi-2 ubude, kwaye iintyatyambo zawo zimhlophe. Inokubhideka ngokulula kunye no-S. nicolai, ngakumbi xa iselula, kodwa ihluke kuyo ngokuba mde kakhulu. Imelana neqabaka ukuya kutsho kwi -2ºC.

IStrelitzia juncea

Intyatyambo yeStrelitzia juncea iorenji

Umfanekiso -Flickr / Vahe Martirosyan

La IStrelitzia juncea sisityalo esinamagqabi amile njengenaliti, kwaye ziimitha ezingama-1,20 ubude ebuninzini. Iintyatyambo zayo zifana nezo ze-S. reginae, kodwa mhlawumbi zinombala o-orenji omnyama. Ngokungathandabuzekiyo, lolona didi lunomdla kuzo zonke ezo zodidi, kodwa nalo luxhathisa nokubanda okuncinci: kuphela ukuya kuthi ga ku -1ºC kwaye kuphela ukuba lixesha elifutshane.

I-Strelitzia nicolai

IStrelitzia nicolai ineentyatyambo ezimhlophe

Umfanekiso -Flickr / enbodenumer

La I-Strelitzia nicolai sisityalo esithi inokuba yi-4-5 yeemitha ubude, kwaye iphuhlisa isiqu esiphambili kunye namagqabi amakhulu aluhlaza kunye ne-petiole ende yombala ofanayo. Iintyatyambo zayo zikhumbuza iintaka ezingaqhelekanga, kwaye ziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka namhlophe. Ivelisa iisuckers ezininzi kwasebancinci. Kakade ke, kuthatha iminyaka ukukhula.

Ndinenye ukususela ngo-2015 kwaye ngexesha lokubhala eli nqaku alikaqhubi kanye, alizange liphuhlise i-trunk yalo yobuxoki nangona sele ingaphezu kweemitha ezi-2 ubude. Kodwa iphila kakuhle kakhulu kwizitiya ezishinyeneyo neziphantsi kwetropikhi, imelana neqabaka ngamaxesha athile ukuya kuthi ga kwi -2ºC ngaphandle kokonakala.

IStrelitzia reginae

I-Strelitzia reginae sisityalo esinesityalo esinezityalo

Yeyona ixhaphakileyo. Inkqubo ye- IStrelitzia reginae ifikelela kubude bemitha enye, kwaye iphuhlisa amagqabi aluhlaza amnyama lanceolate. Iintyatyambo zabo ziorenji, kwaye zihluma entlakohlaza, kwaye nokuba imozulu ishushu ngokwaneleyo, zinokukwenza oko ebusika. Ixhathisa ukuya kuthi ga kwi -2ºC.

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