Chrysanthemums, characteristics and care


The chrysanthemums They make up a plant genus within which there are about 30 different species, originating from the regions of Asia and Europe. Thanks to their striking flowers, these plants have become popular worldwide.

They are a good alternative to plant in the garden, to put in pots to decorate the balcony at home, and they even give good results as indoor plants. Therefore, it is worth knowing more about them.

Origin and natural habitat of chrysanthemums

Where does chrysanthemums come from?

Most species of chrysanthemums We know they originate from China and Japan, where they have been cultivated and appreciated for centuries for their great beauty. In fact, this plant has been selected and improved over the years, giving rise to a wide variety of shapes, sizes and colors, but without losing in any case the essence that makes it unique.

In its natural habitat, Chrysanthemum grows in well-drained soil and in areas where it receives a moderate amount of sun.

Today, chrysanthemums They are grown in all corners of the world, being one of the most popular flowers in the floriculture industry.

As it is an easily adaptable plant and which we find a great variety of speciesIt is a good option for decorating gardens and interior spaces.

Characteristics of chrysanthemums

The qualities of Chrysanthemums.

We have already mentioned that there are many varieties within the chrysanthemum family, but all of them have some characteristics in common that allow us to realize that we are looking at a chrysanthemum.

Pay attention to these questions:

  • Height. It can vary quite a bit depending on the variety in question. Some plants measure just a few centimeters, while others can exceed a meter in length. There are also more compact varieties that are ideal for growing in pots, while others have more leafy growth and give better results in gardens.
  • Leaves. The leaves of chrysanthemums are quite easily identifiable thanks to their dark green lobed or toothed appearance. However, both the shape and color may vary slightly depending on the species and variety of chrysanthemum that we are observing.
  • Flowers. The flowers are the most distinctive feature of the chrysanthemum. They can be simple, double, or with a particular pompom shape. And there are different sizes and colors that you see.from the most classic ones like white or pink to purple and bronze. There are also bicolor varieties, which have a darker center that produces an interesting contrast with the outer petals.
  • Stem. The stem of this plant can branch in some varieties. There are also species that have longer and stronger stems than common, which are the ones that They are used to introduce the chrysanthemum flower into bouquets and floral arrangements.
  • Estate. This plant is characterized by having a fibrous root system that extends into the soil to provide good support and absorb nutrients.
  • Texture. Some varieties stand out for their soft and delicate leaves, while others have thicker and rougher leaves.

Chrysanthemum flowering

As we have pointed out before, theThe colors of chrysanthemums can be very varied. and become quite original. Aside from this, there are some important questions about its flowering that you should take into account.

Flowering season

In most species of chrysanthemum, it occurs between late summer and autumn, when the days begin to shorten. Because it is precisely that decrease in daylight hours that the plant receives which stimulates its flowering.

Flowering duration

Unlike other plants that lose their flowers soon, chrysanthemums maintain flowering for several weeks. AND They do it at a time when other plants no longer flower, This being one of the reasons why these plants are so appreciated in the field of gardening.

Care during and after flowering

While the plant is in flower we must try to water it regularly, apply moderate fertilization and remove wilted flowers to promote the appearance of new flowers.

Dead flowers, plant enters the latency phase or rest period. At this time we can prune and shape it, so that it grows strong and healthy when spring arrives.

Chrysanthemum care

The chrysanthemums are quite resistant and adaptable plants. But for to be able to enjoy the beauty of its flowering in all their splendor, it is advisable to give them some basic care.

Lighting conditions

Chrysanthemums need a good amount of sunlight each day to grow and bloom properly. The perfect location for this plant is one where receives about six hours of bright light each day, but indirectly.

If you live in an area with very hot summers, it is advisable that the chrysanthemum receives shade during the hottest hours of the day. This will prevent its leaves from burning.

Planting medium

The best for this plant is a well-drained substrate that is rich in organic matter. In terms of pH, although it adapts well to different soils, It is preferable that the roots be in soil that is slightly acidic to neutral.

Watering chrysanthemums

how to water a chrysanthemum.

This plant likes humidity, but without excesses. It is important that the substrate is uniformly moist, but in no case becomes waterlogged. Irrigation It must be carried out when the top layer of the substrate It is dry to the touch.

The ideal thing is to water the plant at its base, preventing the leaves from getting wet, so that fungi do not appear.


During the growing season, which occurs between spring and summer, A balanced fertilizer can be applied. As summer ends, it is recommended to reduce fertilization.

Plant pruning

As we said before, during flowering we can eliminate withered flowers to stimulate the production of more flowers.

At the end of flowering, or at the beginning of the growing season, We can prune the tips of the shoots to encourage more compact growth.

With these simple care, you will make your chrysanthemums look beautiful. Do you dare to take the test and tell us the results?

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked with *



  1. Responsible for the data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Purpose of the data: Control SPAM, comment management.
  3. Legitimation: Your consent
  4. Communication of the data: The data will not be communicated to third parties except by legal obligation.
  5. Data storage: Database hosted by Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Rights: At any time you can limit, recover and delete your information.