Bougainvillea, a natural umbrella for the garden

La Bougainvillea, or better known as Buganvilla, It is an ideal climbing shrub to provide shade. It is very popular due to its spectacular flowering, which can last all year in warm climates.

Let's know more about her.

Bougainvillea is a plant that is very easy to grow. Its resistance to frost, and its flowers, which can be pink, orange, red, white ... make it very present in many gardens and parks.

There are two species:

  • Bouganvillea spectabilis, which holds up to -3º.
    And the:
  • bougainvillea glabra, which holds up to -7º.

They are very tough. Once established, they easily endure drought, abandonment, poor soil ...

The only thing to keep in mind is that the Bougainvillea needs to live in full sun, and have a substrate that does not puddle since if that happens, the roots could rot.

It is also a plant suitable for interiors, as long as we put it in a very bright room.

For what do you use it?

  • To cover walls, pergolas, lattices ... It is fastened with wires and plugs.
  • We can form it as a shrub or tree and plant it as an isolated specimen, since it supports pruning very well.
  • For hedges.
  • As a ground cover.
  • Or even as bonsai.

How does it reproduce?

The method used is cutting. Branches, semi-woody or woody, are cut in late winter or early spring, before growth begins again. They are put on a thin layer of rooting hormones, and planted in a pot in the shade with draining substrate.


It is pruned in winter in warm climates, and in spring in cold climates.

What is intended with pruning is to limit its growth.


It can be paid with a universal fertilizer from March to October, following the manufacturer's recommendations.

Plagues and diseases

It is not often that you have these types of problems, but it can happen that you are affected by aphids, mealybugs or whiteflies. They must be eliminated using specific insecticides.

More information - Information on drought resistant plants

Image - Garden mania

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  1.   lilian said

    2 years ago I have this plant only grows but does not bloom, this year it gave many shoots from below but it did not bloom in the sun, what will happen to it?

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Lilian.
      If you have never paid them before, I recommend doing it from the beginning of spring to the end of summer so that you have the strength and energy to flourish. You can throw him Organic fertilizers 🙂.
      A greeting.

  2.   Sylvia malan said

    I have had a plant with red flowers for years. Never need to pay it. The sun (elemental) gives her a lot, she is beautiful. Here we call him Santa Rita.

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Brilliant. I'm glad. 🙂

  3.   Roxy said

    Hello, I have two bougainvilleas in a pot, one is already in its 6th bloom and the flowers are now very rare, small and sick, I water them every 2 or 0 days, what could it be?

    1.    Monica Sanchez said

      Hi Roxy.
      It's probably a genetic issue. Even if there are two sister plants, coming from the same parents, they will always have small but important differences.

      Start fertilizing them, from spring to fall, to see if it improves. Maybe what you need is that: a little more pampering. 🙂

      A greeting.