Verna lemon: characteristics

lemons hanging on lemon tree

The Verna lemon is among the most appreciated varieties when preparing juice, because it consists of a large lemon from which it is possible to extract around 30-40% of juice.

In addition, stands out for being the variety that is usually harvested immediately after the fine lemon, and because with the passage of time it achieves greater acceptance among consumers, it is not surprising that every day it can be found in greater quantities. We invite you to continue reading to discover more about this variety of lemon.

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lemons stacked on a table

This variety has Spanish origin, positioning itself as the second most important within Spain, after the Primofiori lemon, in addition to being ranked fifth globally. Actually, represents 20% of production and it is usually cultivated mainly within the orchards of both Murcia and Alicante.

Verna lemon characteristics

The verna lemon is characterized by having an elongated shape whose ends end in a point, it is of an intense yellow color; and stands out for being a variety that has almost no seeds, and has a low level of acidity.

Among its main advantages, it stands out that bears fruit throughout the summer, time when the lemons they are often scarce within European markets; and despite the fact that it has 2 blooms (the harvest and the verdelli), the truth is that the second is usually of lower quality and does not allow a great commercial use. It is worth mentioning that its collection takes place between the months of February and June.

Likewise, it must be said that these are lemons of a large size, which have a juicy and tender pulp, offering a large percentage of juice and having a low acidity. It should also be noted that the Verdelli variety usually stands out for having a thinner and smoother skin compared to the harvest.

And do not forget to mention change that have a certain tendency to efflorescence, especially when hydric imbalances occur at the time of cultivation or when the tree offers few fruits during its main harvest.

Care

En general, there are 4 different kinds of lemon trees, being the verna lemon one of them; This variety stands out for being from warm places, which is why when growing it it is necessary to make sure to do so in a place where it can be kept exposed to sunlight and temperatures around 17-28 degrees, within cool, humid spaces. However, in case of growing it in places with risk of both severe storms and frosts, making sure you cover it is essential using some material that is breathable.

The verna lemon is normally propagated by seeds, but it is also possible to do it through grafts made in relatively small areas, so there is even the possibility of planting this variety in pots. In any case, the most advisable thing is usually to plant it during the winter.

lemon tree full of lemons

This variety requires a semi-light soil that has a neutral pH and has a large contribution of organic matter, which is also capable of absorbing water without problems since it is necessary not only to water it frequently throughout the year (every day at throughout the summer and 3 times a week during winter), but also provide it with a good compost so that it obtains a good supply of micronutrients and macro nutrients.

Pruning of cleaning, flowering and maintenance should be carried out during the spring, making sure that they are very light throughout their first years of growth, since throughout this period they will only seek to get rid of weak, dry or diseased branches, as well as than those that tend to cross. You have to make sure that the center of the tree is kept well clear so that the light enters inside.

Diseases and pests

Among the pests that attack the verna lemon, are the Citrus Miner (Phyllocnistis citrella), Mealybugs and Red spider, as well as White fly and Aphids; while when it comes to diseases, it can be affected by Phytophthora spp., exocortis psoriasis and sadness virus.


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