Pear (Pyrus communis)

Pear tree with fruits

El pyrus communis it is one of the most cultivated fruit trees in all temperate regions of the world. It produces delicious fruits, with a sweet taste, with which we can calm our stomach at any time of the day.

But what do you need to be okay? Whether you just bought one or are planning to do so, Do not miss this article.

Origin and characteristics

Pyrus communis plantation

Our protagonist is a deciduous fruit tree native to Eastern Europe and Asia Minor. Its scientific name is pyrus communis, but popularly it is known more as pear tree. It reaches a height of 2 to 20 meters, and is very long-lived: it can live up to 400 years. It has an erect, gray trunk with cracked bark. The leaves are ovate, with a glossy dark green upper surface and yellow petioles. These are up to 10cm long.

The flowers are grouped in corymbs of 3 to 7, each measuring up to 1,5cm. The fruit is an edible pommel, green to brown in color, measuring about 4-7cm.

What are their cares?

Pear tree with flowers

The care you have to provide are the following:

  • Location: outside, in full sun.
  • Earth:
    • Pot: universal growing substrate.
    • Garden: grows in all types of soils, but prefers those that have good drainage.
  • Irrigation: 3-4 times a week in summer, and every 5-6 days the rest of the year.
  • Subscriber: from the beginning of spring to the end of summer, it must be paid with organic fertilizers, such as guano, compost, and / or herbivorous animal manure once a month.
  • Multiplication: by seeds in autumn (they must be cold to germinate in spring), and by cuttings in spring.
  • Planting or transplanting time: in spring, when the risk of frost has passed. In case of having it in a pot, it has to be transplanted every 2-3 years.
  • Pruning: late winter. Dry, diseased or weak branches must be removed.
  • Harvest: in summer / autumn depending on the variety.
  • Rusticity: withstands cold and frosts down to -20ºC, but cannot live in tropical climates.

What did you think of the pyrus communis?


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