Quercus ilex 'Rotundifolia'

Quercus ilex Rotundifolia

El Quercus ilex 'Rotundifolia' It is a fairly large tree, and as it also has a wide crown, over time it provides excellent shade. In addition, it is one of the best cared for, since it grows in all types of soils and is able to withstand both high Mediterranean temperatures and moderate frosts.

So if you are thinking of having it in your garden, Below we explain how you should take care of it so that he is healthy.

Origin and characteristics

Quercus ilex Rotundifolia leaf

Our protagonist it is an evergreen tree (that is, it remains evergreen) originating in the continental or subcontinental Mediterranean areas, as well as the coast as long as the summer is rather dry and warm. In Spain it is found in most of the Iberian Peninsula, except for the north and northwest. It usually forms forests from sea level to 1400 meters above sea level. Its scientific name is Quercus ilex subsp. rotundifolia.

Grows to a height of up to 13 meters, with a rounded crown of up to 6m. The leaves are elliptical-lanceolate, with the youngest spines. The fruit is an edible acorn for humans, but in recent times consumption has been reduced to feeding pigs.

What are their cares?

Quercus ilex subsp Rotundifolia acorn

If you want to have a copy, we recommend that you provide it with the following care:

  • Location: outside, in full sun.
  • Earth:
    • Pot: universal growing substrate mixed with 30% perlite, but it is not a plant that can be kept in a container throughout its life.
    • Garden: it is indifferent, it grows on all types of soils.
  • Irrigation: 3 times a week in summer, and a little less the rest of the year.
  • Subscriber: from early spring to late summer with organic fertilizers, once a month.
  • Pruning: at the end of winter, dry, diseased or weak branches must be removed.
  • Multiplication: by seeds in autumn (they need to be cold before germinating).
  • Rusticity: withstands cold and frosts down to -18ºC.

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